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  • Maha Shiva RatriFebruary 24th, 2017
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    This Blog is an Humble attempt to spread the Divine Message of Pujjya BapuJi & Dedicated at the Lotus feets SHRI CHARANKAMAL Of PARAM PUJYA GURUJI SANT SHRI ASARAM JI BAPU VishwaGuru Of the Age.

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Hari prabodhini Ekadashi


Haribodhini or Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi 13/11/2013 Wednesday
To Ashram.org

Haribodhini or Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi or Dev Jagi Dev uthi ekadashi is observed on the eleventh day during the waxing phase of moon (Shukl Paksh) in the month of Kartik (October – November). On this day, Lord Vishnu wakes up from his Yoga Nidra (cosmic sleep) after the four holy months of the rainy season (Chaturmaas). This Ekadashi also marks the official end of Chaturmaas.

The greatness of observing a fast on Dev Prabodhini Ekadasi was narrated to Sage Narada by Lord Brahma and is found in the Skand Puraan.

Lord Brahma said to Narada Muni, “O best of the brahmanas, the merits acquired by bathing in the Ganges remain significant only as long as Haribodhini Ekadashi does not come. This sacred Ekadashi is more powerful in nullifying sin than one thousand Ashvamedha sacrifices and one hundred Rajasuya sacrifices.

The sins a person has accumulated over a thousand previous births are burned to ashes if he not only fasts but also remains awake throughout Ekadashi night, just as a mountain of cotton can be burned to ashes if one lights a small fire in it. Even if one does a small amount of pious activity on this day, following the rules and regulations, one will earn merit equal to Mount Sumeru in volume.

Anyone who observes Haribodhini Ekadasi is celebrated as highly qualified and makes his dynasty famous. As death is certain, so losing one’s wealth is also certain.Knowing this, O best of sages, one should observe a fast on this day so dear to Hari – Shri Haribodhini Ekadashi.

Haribodhini Ekadashi is the best Ekadashi. Nothing is unobtainable or rare in this world for one who fasts on this day, for it gives food grains, great wealth, and high merit, as well as eradication of all sin. Again I say to you, O Naradaji, whatever merit is earned by one who bathes in a place of pilgrimage, performs sacrifices, and studies the Vedas, is only one ten-millionth the merit earned by the person who fasts but once on Haribodhini Ekadashi.”

13  nov 2013  budhwaar
दीपावली के बाद आने वाली देव-जगी एकादशी के दिन , संध्या के समय कपूर आरती करने से आजीवन अकाल-मृत्यु से रक्षा होती है; एक्सीडेंट, आदि उत्पातों से रक्षा होती है |

If a devotee does “aarti” of Lord Shri Hari on this holy day with camphor (capoor) or with karpooram on this holy day of Deva Jagi ekadashi specially at the evening time, then s/he is protected “life long” by the Lord from untimely death (akaal-mrityu) due to accidents, bomb blasts, etc. In these times of uncertainty, all readers are requested to kindly benefit from this precept of our scriptures by performing the Lord’s “aarti” with camphor on this day.

karpur

It is like the Lord Himself giving us an accident cover for life…

As the famous saying goes,

जाको राखे साइयाँ, मारि सके न कोई |
बाल न बांका करि सके, जो जग वैरी होई ||

[Translation: The person, whose life is taken care of by the Lord Himself, can’t be killed by anyone; nobody can harm a single hair of his, even if the whole world has become his enemy.]

virat_swarupa

प्रबोधिनी एकादशी

भगवान श्रीकृष्ण ने कहा: हे अर्जुन ! मैं तुम्हें मुक्ति देनेवाली कार्तिक मास के शुक्लपक्ष
की ‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के सम्बन्ध में नारद और ब्रह्माजी के बीच हुए वार्तालाप को सुनाता हूँ । एक बार
नारादजी ने ब्रह्माजी से पूछा : ‘हे पिता !‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के व्रत का क्या फल होता है, आप कृपा करके
मुझे यह सब विस्तारपूर्वक बतायें ।’

ब्रह्माजी बोले : हे पुत्र ! जिस वस्तु का त्रिलोक में मिलना दुष्कर है, वह वस्तु भीकार्तिक मास के शुक्लपक्ष की
‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के व्रत से मिल जाती है । इस व्रत के प्रभाव से पूर्व जन्म के किये हुए अनेक बुरे
कर्म क्षणभर में नष्ट होजाते है । हे पुत्र ! जो मनुष्य श्रद्धापूर्वक इस दिन थोड़ा भी पुण्य करते हैं, उनका वह
पुण्य पर्वत के समान अटल हो जाता है । उनके पितृ विष्णुलोक में जाते हैं । ब्रह्महत्या आदि महान पाप भी
‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के दिन रात्रि को जागरण करनेसे नष्ट हो जाते हैं ।
हे नारद ! मनुष्य को भगवान की प्रसन्नता के लिए कार्तिक मास की इस एकादशी का व्रत अवश्य करना
चाहिए । जो मनुष्य इस एकादशी व्रत को करता है, वह धनवान, योगी, तपस्वी तथा इन्द्रियों को
जीतनेवाला होता है, क्योंकि एकादशीभगवान विष्णु को अत्यंत प्रिय है ।

इस एकादशी के दिन जो मनुष्य भगवान की प्राप्ति के लिए दान, तप, होम, यज्ञ (भगवान्नामजप भी परम
यज्ञ है। ‘यज्ञानां जपयज्ञोऽस्मि’ । यज्ञों में जपयज्ञ मेरा ही स्वरुप है।’ श्रीमद्भगवदगीता ) आदि करते हैं, उन्हें अक्षय पुण्य मिलताहै ।

इसलिए हे नारद ! तुमको भी विधिपूर्वक विष्णु भगवान की पूजा करनी चाहिए । इस एकादशी के दिन
मनुष्य को ब्रह्ममुहूर्त में उठकर व्रत का संकल्प लेना चाहिए और पूजा करनी चाहिए । रात्रि को भगवान
के समीप गीत, नृत्य, कथा-कीर्तनकरते हुए रात्रि व्यतीत करनी चाहिए ।

‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के दिन पुष्प, अगर, धूप आदि से भगवान की आराधना करनी चाहिए, भगवान को
अर्ध्य देना चाहिए । इसका फल तीर्थ और दान आदि से करोड़ गुना अधिक होता है ।

जो गुलाब के पुष्प से, बकुल और अशोक के फूलों से, सफेद और लाल कनेर के फूलों से, दूर्वादल से,
शमीपत्र से, चम्पकपुष्प से भगवान विष्णु की पूजा करते हैं, वे आवागमन के चक्र से छूट जाते हैं ।
इस प्रकार रात्रि में भगवान की पूजा करकेप्रात:काल स्नान के पश्चात् भगवान की प्रार्थना करते हुए गुरु
की पूजा करनी चाहिए और सदाचारी व पवित्र ब्राह्मणों को दक्षिणा देकर अपने व्रत को छोड़ना चाहिए ।

जो मनुष्य चातुर्मास्य व्रत में किसी वस्तु को त्याग देते हैं, उन्हें इस दिन से पुनः ग्रहण करनी चाहिए ।
जो मनुष्य ‘प्रबोधिनी एकादशी’ के दिन विधिपूर्वक व्रत करते हैं, उन्हें अनन्त सुख मिलता है और अंत
में स्वर्ग को जाते हैं
Devuthi Ekadashi Mahima aur Pujan Vidhi ( देवउठी एकादशी महिमा )

प्रातः स्मरणीय परम पूज्य
संत श्री आसारामजी बापू
के सत्संग प्रवचनों में से नवनीत

एकादशी माहात्मय
एकादशी की रात्रि में श्रीहरि के समीप जागरण का माहात्मय

सब धर्मों के ज्ञाता, वेद और शास्त्रों के अर्थज्ञान में पारंगत, सबके हृदय में रमण करनेवाले श्रीविष्णु के तत्त्व को जाननेवाले तथा भगवत्परायण प्रह्लादजी जब सुखपूर्वक बैठे हुए थे, उस समय उनके समीप स्वधर्म का पालन करनेवाले महर्षि कुछ पूछने के लिए आये ।

महर्षियों ने कहा : प्रह्रादजी ! आप कोई ऐसा साधन बताइये, जिससे ज्ञान, ध्यान और इन्द्रियनिग्रह के बिना ही अनायास भगवान विष्णु का परम पद प्राप्त हो जाता है ।

उनके ऐसा कहने पर संपूर्ण लोकों के हित के लिए उद्यत रहनेवाले विष्णुभक्त महाभाग प्रह्रादजी ने संक्षेप में इस प्रकार कहा : महर्षियों ! जो अठारह पुराणों का सार से भी सारतर तत्त्व है, जिसे कार्तिकेयजी के पूछने पर भगवान शंकर ने उन्हें बताया था, उसका वर्णन करता हूँ, सुनिये ।

महादेवजी कार्तिकेय से बोले : जो कलि में एकादशी की रात में जागरण करते समय वैष्णव शास्त्र का पाठ करता है, उसके कोटि जन्मों के किये हुए चार प्रकार के पाप नष्ट हो जाते हैं । जो एकादशी के दिन वैष्णव शास्त्र का उपदेश करता है, उसे मेरा भक्त जानना चाहिए ।

जिसे एकादशी के जागरण में निद्रा नहीं आती तथा जो उत्साहपूर्वक नाचता और गाता है, वह मेरा विशेष भक्त है । मैं उसे उत्तम ज्ञान देता हूँ और भगवान विष्णु मोक्ष प्रदान करते हैं । अत: मेरे भक्त को विशेष रुप से जागरण करना चाहिए । जो भगवान विष्णु से वैर करते हैं, उन्हें पाखण्डी जानना चाहिए । जो एकादशी को जागरण करते और गाते हैं, उन्हें आधे निमेष में अग्निष्टोम तथा अतिरात्र यज्ञ के समान फल प्राप्त होता है । जो रात्रि जागरण में बारंबार भगवान विष्णु के मुखारविंद का दर्शन करते हैं, उनको भी वही फल प्राप्त होता है । जो मानव द्वादशी तिथि को भगवान विष्णु के आगे जागरण करते हैं, वे यमराज के पाश से मुक्त हो जाते हैं ।

जो द्वादशी को जागरण करते समय गीता शास्त्र से मनोविनोद करते हैं, वे भी यमराज के बन्धन से मुक्त हो जाते हैं । जो प्राणत्याग हो जाने पर भी द्वादशी का जागरण नहीं छोड़ते, वे धन्य और पुण्यात्मा हैं । जिनके वंश के लोग एकादशी की रात में जागरण करते हैं, वे ही धन्य हैं । जिन्होंने एकादशी को जागरण किया हैं, उन्होंने यज्ञ, दान , गयाश्राद्ध और नित्य प्रयागस्नान कर लिया । उन्हें संन्यासियों का पुण्य भी मिल गया और उनके द्वारा इष्टापूर्त कर्मों का भी भलीभाँति पालन हो गया । षडानन ! भगवान विष्णु के भक्त जागरणसहित एकादशी व्रत करते हैं, इसलिए वे मुझे सदा ही विशेष प्रिय हैं । जिसने वर्द्धिनी एकादशी की रात में जागरण किया है, उसने पुन: प्राप्त होनेवाले शरीर को स्वयं ही भस्म कर दिया । जिसने त्रिस्पृशा एकादशी को रात में जागरण किया है, वह भगवान विष्णु के स्वरुप में लीन हो जाता है । जिसने हरिबोधिनी एकादशी की रात में जागरण किया है, उसके स्थूल सूक्ष्म सभी पाप नष्ट हो जाते हैं । जो द्वादशी की रात में जागरण तथा ताल स्वर के साथ संगीत का आयोजन करता है, उसे महान पुण्य की प्राप्ति होती है । जो एकादशी के दिन ॠषियों द्वारा बनाये हुए दिव्य स्तोत्रों से, ॠग्वेद , यजुर्वेद तथा सामवेद के वैष्णव मन्त्रों से, संस्कृत और प्राकृत के अन्य स्तोत्रों से व गीत वाद्य आदि के द्वारा भगवान विष्णु को सन्तुष्ट करता है उसे भगवान विष्णु भी परमानन्द प्रदान करते हैं ।

य: पुन: पठते रात्रौ गातां नामसहस्रकम् ।
द्वादश्यां पुरतो विष्णोर्वैष्णवानां समापत: ।
स गच्छेत्परम स्थान यत्र नारायण: त्वयम् ।

जो एकादशी की रात में भगवान विष्णु के आगे वैष्णव भक्तों के समीप गीता और विष्णुसहस्रनाम का पाठ करता है, वह उस परम धाम में जाता है, जहाँ साक्षात् भगवान नारायण विराजमान हैं ।

पुण्यमय भागवत तथा स्कन्दपुराण भगवान विष्णु को प्रिय हैं । मथुरा और व्रज में भगवान विष्णु के बालचरित्र का जो वर्णन किया गया है, उसे जो एकादशी की रात में भगवान केशव का पूजन करके पढ़ता है, उसका पुण्य कितना है, यह मैं भी नहीं जानता । कदाचित् भगवान विष्णु जानते हों । बेटा ! भगवान के समीप गीत, नृत्य तथा स्तोत्रपाठ आदि से जो फल होता है, वही कलि में श्रीहरि के समीप जागरण करते समय ‘विष्णुसहस्रनाम, गीता तथा श्रीमद्भागवत’ का पाठ करने से सहस्र गुना होकर मिलता है ।

जो श्रीहरि के समीप जागरण करते समय रात में दीपक जलाता है, उसका पुण्य सौ कल्पों में भी नष्ट नहीं होता । जो जागरणकाल में मंजरीसहित तुलसीदल से भक्तिपूर्वक श्रीहरि का पूजन करता है, उसका पुन: इस संसार में जन्म नहीं होता । स्नान, चन्दन , लेप, धूप, दीप, नैवेघ और ताम्बूल यह सब जागरणकाल में भगवान को समर्पित किया जाय तो उससे अक्षय पुण्य होता है । कार्तिकेय ! जो भक्त मेरा ध्यान करना चाहता है, वह एकादशी की रात्रि में श्रीहरि के समीप भक्तिपूर्वक जागरण करे । एकादशी के दिन जो लोग जागरण करते हैं उनके शरीर में इन्द्र आदि देवता आकर स्थित होते हैं । जो जागरणकाल में महाभारत का पाठ करते हैं, वे उस परम धाम में जाते हैं जहाँ संन्यासी महात्मा जाया करते हैं । जो उस समय श्रीरामचन्द्रजी का चरित्र, दशकण्ठ वध पढ़ते हैं वे योगवेत्ताओं की गति को प्राप्त होते हैं ।

जिन्होंने श्रीहरि के समीप जागरण किया है, उन्होंने चारों वेदों का स्वाध्याय, देवताओं का पूजन, यज्ञों का अनुष्ठान तथा सब तीर्थों में स्नान कर लिया । श्रीकृष्ण से बढ़कर कोई देवता नहीं है और एकादशी व्रत के समान दूसरा कोई व्रत नहीं है । जहाँ भागवत शास्त्र है, भगवान विष्णु के लिए जहाँ जागरण किया जाता है और जहाँ शालग्राम शिला स्थित होती है, वहाँ साक्षात् भगवान विष्णु उपस्थित होते हैं ।

एकादशी व्रत विधि

दशमी की रात्रि को पूर्ण ब्रह्मचर्य का पालन करें तथा भोग विलास से भी दूर रहें । प्रात: एकादशी को लकड़ी का दातुन तथा पेस्ट का उपयोग न करें; नींबू, जामुन या आम के पत्ते लेकर चबा लें और उँगली से कंठ शुद्ध कर लें । वृक्ष से पत्ता तोड़ना भी वर्जित है, अत: स्वयं गिरे हुए पत्ते का सेवन करे । यदि यह सम्भव न हो तो पानी से बारह कुल्ले कर लें । फिर स्नानादि कर मंदिर में जाकर गीता पाठ करें या पुरोहितादि से श्रवण करें । प्रभु के सामने इस प्रकार प्रण करना चाहिए कि: ‘आज मैं चोर, पाखण्डी और दुराचारी मनुष्य से बात नहीं करुँगा और न ही किसीका दिल दुखाऊँगा । गौ, ब्राह्मण आदि को फलाहार व अन्नादि देकर प्रसन्न करुँगा । रात्रि को जागरण कर कीर्तन करुँगा , ‘ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय’ इस द्वादश अक्षर मंत्र अथवा गुरुमंत्र का जाप करुँगा, राम, कृष्ण , नारायण इत्यादि विष्णुसहस्रनाम को कण्ठ का भूषण बनाऊँगा ।’ – ऐसी प्रतिज्ञा करके श्रीविष्णु भगवान का स्मरण कर प्रार्थना करें कि : ‘हे त्रिलोकपति ! मेरी लाज आपके हाथ है, अत: मुझे इस प्रण को पूरा करने की शक्ति प्रदान करें ।’ मौन, जप, शास्त्र पठन , कीर्तन, रात्रि जागरण एकादशी व्रत में विशेष लाभ पँहुचाते हैं।

एकादशी के दिन अशुद्ध द्रव्य से बने पेय न पीयें । कोल्ड ड्रिंक्स, एसिड आदि डाले हुए फलों के डिब्बाबंद रस को न पीयें । दो बार भोजन न करें । आइसक्रीम व तली हुई चीजें न खायें । फल अथवा घर में निकाला हुआ फल का रस अथवा थोड़े दूध या जल पर रहना विशेष लाभदायक है । व्रत के (दशमी, एकादशी और द्वादशी) -इन तीन दिनों में काँसे के बर्तन, मांस, प्याज, लहसुन, मसूर, उड़द, चने, कोदो (एक प्रकार का धान), शाक, शहद, तेल और अत्यम्बुपान (अधिक जल का सेवन) – इनका सेवन न करें । व्रत के पहले दिन (दशमी को) और दूसरे दिन (द्वादशी को) हविष्यान्न (जौ, गेहूँ, मूँग, सेंधा नमक, कालीमिर्च, शर्करा और गोघृत आदि) का एक बार भोजन करें।

फलाहारी को गोभी, गाजर, शलजम, पालक, कुलफा का साग इत्यादि सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए । आम, अंगूर, केला, बादाम, पिस्ता इत्यादि अमृत फलों का सेवन करना चाहिए ।

जुआ, निद्रा, पान, परायी निन्दा, चुगली, चोरी, हिंसा, मैथुन, क्रोध तथा झूठ, कपटादि अन्य कुकर्मों से नितान्त दूर रहना चाहिए । बैल की पीठ पर सवारी न करें ।

भूलवश किसी निन्दक से बात हो जाय तो इस दोष को दूर करने के लिए भगवान सूर्य के दर्शन तथा धूप दीप से श्रीहरि की पूजा कर क्षमा माँग लेनी चाहिए । एकादशी के दिन घर में झाडू नहीं लगायें, इससे चींटी आदि सूक्ष्म जीवों की मृत्यु का भय रहता है । इस दिन बाल नहीं कटायें । मधुर बोलें, अधिक न बोलें, अधिक बोलने से न बोलने योग्य वचन भी निकल जाते हैं । सत्य भाषण करना चाहिए । इस दिन यथाशक्ति अन्नदान करें किन्तु स्वयं किसीका दिया हुआ अन्न कदापि ग्रहण न करें । प्रत्येक वस्तु प्रभु को भोग लगाकर तथा तुलसीदल छोड़कर ग्रहण करनी चाहिए ।

एकादशी के दिन किसी सम्बन्धी की मृत्यु हो जाय तो उस दिन व्रत रखकर उसका फल संकल्प करके मृतक को देना चाहिए और श्रीगंगाजी में पुष्प (अस्थि) प्रवाहित करने पर भी एकादशी व्रत रखकर व्रत फल प्राणी के निमित्त दे देना चाहिए । प्राणिमात्र को अन्तर्यामी का अवतार समझकर किसीसे छल कपट नहीं करना चाहिए । अपना अपमान करने या कटु वचन बोलनेवाले पर भूलकर भी क्रोध नहीं करें । सन्तोष का फल सर्वदा मधुर होता है । मन में दया रखनी चाहिए । इस विधि से व्रत करनेवाला उत्तम फल को प्राप्त करता है । द्वादशी के दिन ब्राह्मणों को मिष्टान्न, दक्षिणादि से प्रसन्न कर उनकी परिक्रमा कर लेनी चाहिए ।

व्रत खोलने की विधि :

द्वादशी को सेवापूजा की जगह पर बैठकर भुने हुए सात चनों के चौदह टुकड़े करके अपने सिर के पीछे फेंकना चाहिए । ‘मेरे सात जन्मों के शारीरिक, वाचिक और मानसिक पाप नष्ट हुए’ – यह भावना करके सात अंजलि जल पीना और चने के सात दाने खाकर व्रत खोलना चाहिए ।

**********************************

HariomHariomHariomHariomHariomHariomHariomHariomHariom

sun flower aditya

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Kaali Chaudas


Kali Chaudas Narak Chaturdashi 2/11/2013
Naraka Chaturdashi, also known as “Chhoti Diwali” or Kali Chaudas is a Hindu festival, which falls on the second day of the festival of Diwali.
Kali means Dark and Chaudas – Fourteenth. Thus, celebrated on the 14th day of the dark half of Kartik, Kali Chaudas is the day allotted to the worship of Maha-Kali or Shakti.
this holy night is also called Kaalratri


Diwali Tips from Ashram.org

listen mantra from Param pujya Asaram Bapuji

Maa Lakshmi Mantra Sadhana on Kali Choudas

दिवाली की रात कुबेर भगवान ने लक्ष्मी जी की आराधना की थी तो कुबेर बन गए ,जो धनाढ्य लोगो से भी बड़ा धनाढ्य है..सभी धन का स्वामी है..ऐसा इस काल का महत्त्व है.. दिया जलाके जाप कराने वाले को धन, सामर्थ्य , ऐश्वर्य पाए…ध्रुव , रजा प्रियव्रत ने भी आज की रात को लक्ष्मी प्राप्ति का , वैभव प्राप्ति का जप किया था…मन्त्र बहुत सरल है…मन्त्र का फल प्राप्त करने के लिए श्रद्धा से मंत्र सुने –

माँ लक्ष्मी मन्त्र :-
श्रीं ह्रीं क्लीं ऐं कमलवासिन्यै स्वाहा

Aum Shreem Hreem Kleem Aieem Kamalvaasinyai Swaaha

The Second Day is called Narak-Chaturdashi or more popularly as Chhoti Diwali which falls on the 14th day of the month of Kartik. This festival is observed to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon king, Narkasur. This day is also celebrated as the birthday of Hanumanji or Hanuman jayanti. Also, on this day Hanumanji reached Ayodhya to deliver the long-awaited message of Lord Shree Sita Rama’s return. Just like diwali people light diyas on chhoti diwali to fill their homes with light, worship Goddess Laxmi and offer prayers to Her and they also burst firecrackers

Also referred to as Narak-Chaturdashi, Kali Chaudas is day to abolish laziness and evil which create hell in our life and shine light on life.

Narak Chaturdashi Snan is considered as the most auspicious ritual to perform on this day. It is believed that this festival marks the ending of darkness and beginning of brightness or happiness in the world.

Narak Chaturdashi:
The prayer to chant just before Naraka Chaturdashi Snan:

Ashwatthama balirvyaso Hanumancha vibheeshanah krupah Parashurashcha sapthaithe Chiranjeevinah

The above mantra is chanted by mothers before giving bath to their children. Chanting this sloka mothers shower their babies

Akshata (consecrated rice) on childrens heads.

After Narak Chaturdashi snan, this given mantra is chanted:

Bhramayeth snanamadhyethu narakasya kshayayahi
Sheetaloshta samayuktha sakantaka dalanvitha
Hara papa mapaamaarga Bhramyamaanah punah punah

While lighting deepa or diya and remembering ancestors, the below given mantra is chanted in the evening:

Chaturdashyam thu Yedeepaan narakaya dadanthi cha
Thesham pitruganassarve narakath swarga maapnuyu

The strength to protect others is referred as Kali,
The poojan is performed with flowers Coconuts are also offered as prashad to Hanumanji.

Kali means Dark ( the destroyer of evil ) and Chaudas – Fourteenth. Thus, celebrated on the 14th day of the dark half of Āshwin month, Kali Chaudas is the day allotted to the worship of Maha-Kali or Shakti and is believed that on this day Kali killed the wickedest. Also referred to as Narak-Chaturdashi, Kali Chaudas is day to abolish laziness and evil which create hell in our life and shine light on life. The strength to protect others is referred as Kali, and if its used for God’s work is called Mahakali.
The poojan is performed with oil, flowers, Chanda and Coconuts are also offered to Hanumanji and prasad
The rituals of Kali Choudas is strongly based on Tantra & Mantra sadhana concept of Spiritual Hinuduism

On this night, the kajal made from the diya or deepam with mustard oil (Sarsoo ka tel )in it, which is kept lightened the whole night has special powers,application of this kajal in the eyes or on babies forehead, is believed to keep away the nazar (evil eye).

After the puja, the diyas are placed in and around the house: in the doorway, near the Tulasi plant.
This night is very special for Mantra Siddhi
maa bhagvathy
Alternatively, people offer Nivedya to the mother goddess
This goddess is called their ‘Kul Devi’, in order to cast off evil spirits.
This second day of Diwali is known as Kali Choudas .

This day celebrates the victory of the Lord Shri Krishna & his consort Satyabhama over the evil demon of filth, Narakasura.
happy diwali
mantra & ritual on holy Narakchaturdashi
narakchaturdashi tips for happiness1

light a lamp with four wicks pointing towards four directions inthe evening of  holy Narakchaturdashi

saying this mantra

datto deepaschaturdashyam narakpreetiye maya

chaturvritti samaayukthaa sarva papa apanuttaye

let the gods of Narakaloka (world ) be happy & i offer this four wicks lamps lighted in four direction for the destruction of all sins
Celebration & Traditions

The Story of King Bali :
With his valour Bali conquered every bit of space, thus he became the most powerful king on earth. In his kingdom, justice was mere word, truth had no place and happiness was a dream. His form of charity was an occasion for pomp and show and those who went to seek Alms from the king Bali suffered the indignity of insults and humiliation. In fact, he felt that the vast wealth will remain and the pittance he handed out now and again could not affect even an iota of his asset. His false beliefs, arrogance and misrule ended when the Lord disguised as beggar and humble proved to Bali that his concepts were totally wrong and even his vast wealth could disappear in seconds. King Bali asked the dwarf beggar to ask for anything in his kingdom and with three steps even his crown vanished. With his first step Lord Vishnu covered the entire heaven and with the second step the earth and asked Bali where to keep his third step. Bali offered his head and became spiritually enlightened. Thus, this festival has a far deeper significance than a mere exhibition of gaiety and splendor. The Narak chaturdashi day therefore is dedicated to lights and prayers heralding a future full of joy and the elimination of greed.
& progress towards the path of good inner peace & wisdom
narakchaturdashi tips for happiness2

Celebrations :
In South-India, people wake up before sunrise prepare a paste by mixing Kumkum in oil, which is called ‘Ubtan’, on their foreheads and then take bath.
Bathing after rubbing oil on body on this morning of Narak Chaturdashi gives Long Life & good Health

Story of Narakchaturdashi from Srimad Bhagvad Maha Puraan

In Dwapar Yuga, Lord Krishna, the ascendant of Lord Vishnu, killed the notorious demon Narakasura on the same day as that of Diwali.

Narakasura was the son of Goddess Bhoomi. Despite of a great parentage, he possessed devilish tendencies.
Narakasura gota boon that he may be only killed by the hands of a women as he considered them to be weak he thought he would become immortal.
After getting this boon he started terrrifying all the three worlds.
He used to loot the people of three worlds and due to the supernatural powers he had nobody could stop him. Not only he plundered their valuable things, but abducted the womenfolk too. There was a terror of Narakasura everywhere.

Once Narakasura attacked the heavens to get hold of the army of elephants of Lord Indra. Indra being helpless before the demon, immediately to Lord Krishna to ask for help. Krishna at that time was spending a leisurely time with his wife Satyabhama. In order to fulfill both his duties as a friend and as a husband he took Satyabhama at the battlefield.

On his divine vehicle Garuda (a giant eagle), Lord Krishna set for the fort of Narakasura. His grand fort was guarded by a five headed demon Mura.

Lord shri Krishna destroyed all his forts and raksha kavachs along with the whole army of demons.


With his Sudarshana flying discus, Krishna beheaded Mura and then challenged Narakasura to come to fight on the battlefield.

It was an easy victory for great Shri Krishna. Narakasura was killed by Goddess Satyabhama inthe battle.The killing of Narakasura again takes us to the message that it is inevitable for virtue and truth to win over vice and evil.

Dhanteras


To Ashram.org
धनतेरस Dhanteras 1/11/2013
dhanvantri tryodashi friday 1st november

5
Dhanvantri Trayodashi Dhanteras – Festival of Wealth

Dhanteras is the first day of the five-day Diwali Festival. The festival, also known as “Dhantrayodashi” or “Dhanwantari Triodasi”, falls on the auspicious thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik.

 

Diwali tips from Ashram.org

dhanteras siddha kunjeeya

holy tips for happiness
Give happiness to others specialy the needy & poor & innocents ur own happiness will never last
karunanidhaan pujya Asaramji bapu dhanteras  tips for happiness1
Laxmi Prapti Mantra Sadhana on Dhanteras

Mantra sadhana starting from Dhanteras

pooja articles or items needed
Dkshinavarti Shankh (conch shell which turns to the right side ), kesar or saffron, kumkum or vermillion, holy ganga water ganagajal, incent sticks , rose water camphor,lamps & red coloured cloth & crystal mala (rosary beeds) or sphatik mala

vidihi
instructions & procedure for sadhana

The devotee or Sadhak must first keep the photo of Guruji with Goddess Lakshmi in front
then on the red cloth before the photos keep the Dakshinavarti Shankh on the red cloth
swastik
then make or draw Swastik on the cloth by mixing saffron, holy gangajala & rose water and put a bindi or spot by kumkum vermillion that is do tilaka by kumkum atthe center of Swastika Yantra ,( tantric image diagram)

mantra for Dhanteras
Shri Kanaka dhara Lakshmi Devi

Om hreem hreem hreem mahalaxmi dhandaa laxni kuberaaya mam griha sthiro hreem om namaha

now chant the mantra 7 malas by crsytal rosary beeds
one mala is 108 times
do this sadhana of mantra chanting for three days ,for getting mantra siddhi (blessing)
then at last after chantingisdone keep the Dakshinavarti shank tied in red cloth in house
itis said till this holy Shanka is in your house prosperity & success will be always with you
jai maa Laxmi

धनतेरस से आरंभ करें

सामग्रीः दक्षिणावर्ती शंख, केसर, गंगाजल का पात्र, धूप अगरबत्ती, दीपक, लाल वस्त्र।

विधिः साधक अपने सामने गुरुदेव व लक्ष्मी जी के फोटो रखे तथा उनके सामने लाल रंग का वस्त्र (रक्त कंद) बिछाकर उस पर दक्षिणावर्ती शंख रख दे। उस पर केसर से सतिया swastik बना ले तथा कुमकुम से तिलक कर दे। बाद में स्फटिक की माला से मंत्र की 7 मालाएँ करे। तीन दिन तक ऐसा करना योग्य है। इतने से ही मंत्र-साधना सिद्ध हो जाती है। मंत्रजप पूरा होने के पश्चात् लाल वस्त्र में शंख को बाँधकर घर में रख दें। कहते हैं – जब तक वह शंख घर में रहेगा, तब तक घर में निरंतर उन्नति होती रहेगी।

मंत्रः
ॐ ह्रीं ह्रीं ह्रीं महालक्ष्मी धनदा लक्ष्मी कुबेराय मम गृह स्थिरो ह्रीं ॐ नमः।


Dhan tryodashi The first day of Deewali
Diwali also spelled Devali or Deepavali, popularly known as the “festival of lights”, is an important festival in Hinduism,
Legends


Thye legend says, in the cosmic battle between the gods and the demons when both churned the ocean for ‘amrit’ or divine nectar, Dhanavantri – the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Vishnu – emerged carrying a pot of the elixir. So, according to this mythological tale, the word Dhanteras comes from the name Vaidya Raj Bhagvaan Dhanavantri, the divine doctor.

dhanteras  tips for happiness2

 

Story of Prince & Yama God of Death
An interesting story about Dhanteras Festival says that once the sixteen year old son of King Hima was doomed to die by a snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage as per his horoscope. On that particular fourth day of his marriage his young wife did not allow him to sleep. She laid all the ornaments and lots of silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of her husband’s boudoir and lighted innumerable lamps all over the place. And she went on telling stories and singing songs.
When Yama, the god of Death arrived there in the guise of a Serpent his eyes got blinded by that dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not enter the Prince’s chamber. So he climbed on top of the heap of the ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious songs. In the morning he quietly went away. Thus the young wife saved her husband from the clutches of death. Since then this day of Dhanteras came to be known as the day of “Yamadeepdaan” and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in reverential adoration to Yama, the god of Death.

Blessing lamp for Bhagvan Yama & devi Shyamala

On Dhanteras or Dhavantari tryodashi’s holy evening lighting a diya (lamp) is very auspicious 
& get blessing of Yama

light a lamp  in the evening ( just dark after sunset) saying this holy mantra

Mrityunaa paashdandaabhyaam kaalena shyaamayaa saha 

Tryodashyaam deepadaanaat suryajaha priyataamm mama

let the Lord of mrityu & kaala God Yama carrying danda & pasha in his hands & with goddess shyamala be happy  & hav their blessings on me by the lightning of this lamp on this holyday of tryodashi

According to Srimad Bhagvad Maha Puraan when the gods and demons churned the ocean for Amrit or nectar, Dhanvantari (the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Vishnu) emerged carrying a jar of the elixir on the day of Dhanteras.

Preparations

To mark the auspicious day, houses and business premises are renovated and decorated. Entrances are made colorful with traditional motifs of Rangoli designs to welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity. To indicate her long-awaited arrival, small footprints are drawn with rice flour and vermilion powder all over the houses. Lamps are kept burning all through the nights.

Traditions

On Dhanteras Hindus consider it auspicious to purchase any new thing which bring Happines to one ‘s heart ,may it be a Gold or Simple Beautifull flower.

helping poor & giving happiness to them is the best Diwali blessing one can ever have hariom

Celebration
Dhanteras is celebrated with gusto and enthusiasm. “Lakshmi-Puja” is performed in the evenings when tiny diyas of clay are lit to drive away the shadows of evil spirits. Bhajans – devotional songs – in praise of Goddess Laxmi are sung and “Naivedya” of traditional sweets is offered to the Goddess

Sharad Purnima

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Sharad Purnima 18/10/2013

18 oct 2013 fridaysharad purnima

Sharad Poornima, also known as Kojaagari Poornima, is celebrated on a full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashwin (September-October) also called Sharadiya pournami
the purnima right after shardiya navratri puja & festival

. The rainy season is over and the brightness of the full moon brings special joy. This is a traditional celebration of the moon and is also known as Kaumudi (moonlight) celebration Kaumudi meaning moonlight. , as on this day, the Moon showers amrit or elixir of life on earth through its rays. The brightness of the full moon brings special joy and marks the changing season, the end of the monsoon. It was also on this night over 5,000 years ago that Lord Krishna and Radhaji revealed the Supreme Divine bliss to innumerable Gopis in Vrindavan.

At night, goddess Lakshmi is worshiped and night vigil is observed. According to Puranic scriptures One who keep awake all this night worshiping Goddess Lakshmi ,will be surely blessed by the Goddess.
On this day Goddess Laxmi moves around the world at midnight, with boons and assurance of protection, resolving, ?Who is awake on earth? I will grant wealth to one who is awake worshiping me at this hour.?

This vrata is observed every year and it pleases Goddess Laxmi immensely. Propitiated with this fast, Goddess Laxmi grants one prosperity in this world and a supremely elevated state in the next.
-(Narada Purana)

The Wealth-Giving Kojagar Vratha

read full article at ashram.org

once a king fell on evil days, and was in great financial straits, but then his queen observed this fast and night vigil, and worshiped the goddess of wealth, Laxmi. Consequently, they were blessed by the goddess and they regained their prosperity.
Sharad poonam from ashram.org

sharad poonam

For Happiness & Good Health All the Year round

On Sharad Poonam, make kheer of Rice, Milk, Mishri in the evening. Put some gold or silver for sometime while making Kheer; then place it in the Moonlight for about 2-3 hours from about 8:30 PM onwards. Don’t cook any other food for that night, only eat Kheer. We should not take heavy diet in late night, hence eat Kheer accordingly. The Kheer which is placed in Sharad Poonam night can also be taken in next day break-fast after making it asPrasad by offering it to the Lord.
PLEASE Remember to take out the gold or silver from the kheer before eating the kheer
and dont use any ornament with any gemstone,
only plain silver or plain gold ornaments can be used ok

take kheer carefully & wish for happiness & good health

Have kheer as prasaad while chanting the holy mantra in ur mind

“Achyutaaye Govindaaye Anantaaye Naam Bheshjaam,
Nashyanti Sarv Rogaani Satyam Satyam Vadamyaham.”

Meaning:We invoke the Lord by chanting His Names –

1. Achyutaaye – The Lord Who never declines. 2. Govindaaye – The Lord by Whose Grace the senses operate in the body 3. Anantaaye – The Lord Who is Limitless

Listen the divine mantra chanted with divine kheer on Sharad poornima by Param Pujya Gurdev Asharamji  Bapuji from Ashram

ashram.org

maa laxmi blessing

Medical Significance:

It is considered that the Moon and the Earth are at a closer distance on Sharad Poornima night. Due to this, the rays of the moon have several curative properties. Keeping food under the moonlight nourishes both the body and the soul. Following are some health tips which we all can benefit from during Sharad Poornima.

त्रिफला रसायन कल्प
सर्व नेत्ररोगनिवारक, मेधा व दृष्टिवर्धक

त्रिफला रसायन कल्प त्रिदोषनाशक, इंद्रिय बलवर्धक विशेषतः नेत्रों के लिए हितकर, वृद्धावस्था को रोकने वाला व मेधाशक्ति बढ़ाने वाला है। इसके सेवन से नेत्रज्योति में आश्चर्यजनक वृद्धि होती है। दृष्टिमाद्य, रतौंधी, मोतियाबिंदु, काँचबिंदु आदि नेत्ररोगों से रक्षा होती है। बाल काले, घने व मजबूत बनते हैं। 40 दिन तक विधियुक्त सेवन करने से स्मृति, बुद्धि, बल व वीर्य में वृद्धि होती है। 60 दिन तक सेवन करने से यह विशेष प्रभाव दिखाता है। जगजाहिर है कि इस प्रयोग से पूज्य बापू जी अदभुत लाभ हुआ है, चश्मा उतर गया है।

विधिः शरदपूर्णिमा की रात को चाँदी के पात्र में 350 ग्राम त्रिफला चूर्ण, 350 ग्राम देसी गाय का घी व 175 ग्राम शुद्ध शहद मिलाकर पात्र को पतले सफेद वस्त्र से ढँक कर रात भर चाँदनी में रखें। दूसरे दिन सुबह इस मिश्रण को काँच अथवा चीनी के पात्र में भर लें। (उपर्युक्त मात्राएँ 40 दिन के प्रयोग के लिए हैं। 60 दिन के प्रयोग के लिए त्रिफला, घी व शहद की मात्राएँ डेढ़ गुनी लें।)

सेवन-विधिः 11 ग्राम मिश्रण सुबह-शाम गुनगुने पानी के साथ लें (बालकों के लिए मात्रा 6 ग्राम)

दिन में केवल एक बार सात्त्विक, सुपाच्य भोजन करें। इन दिनों में भोजन में नमक कम हो तो अच्छा है। साधारण नमक की जगह सेंधा नमक का उपयोग विशेष लाभदायक है। सुबह शाम गाय का दूध ले सकते हैं। दूध व रसायन के सेवन में दो ढाई घंटे का अंतर रखना आवश्यक है। कल्प के दिनों में खट्टे, तले हुए, मिर्च-मसालेयुक्त व पचने में भारी पदार्थों का सेवन निषिद्ध है। इन दिनों में केवल दूध-चावल, दूध-दलिया अथवा दूध-रोटी का सेवन अधिक गुणकारी है।

इस प्रयोग के बाद 40 दिन तक मामरा बादाम का उपयोग विशेष लाभदायी होगा। कल्प के दिनों में नेत्रबिन्दु का प्रयोग अवश्य करें।

ॐॐॐॐॐॐॐॐॐ

For Asthma Patients

Pujya Bapuji have showered his blessings to make available the special ayurvedic booti which is mixed with Kheer on Sharad Poonam Night in almost all ashrams of Pujya Bapuji-Please ask your nearest ashram for available booti

Tips for Improving Eyesight

Do Tratak on Moon for 15-20 minutes in the night from Dussehra to Sharad Poornima. To look with a constant gaze without blinking the eye lids, is called Tratak.
To be free from Eye troubles & for eyes to work properly whole year, try to put thread in a needle in Sharad Poonam Moonlight. (No other light should be nearby).

Do Jaagran on Sharad Poonam Night

Sharad Poonam Night is very beneficial for spiritual upliftment, hence one should try & do Jaagran on this night, i.e. as possible don’t sleep and do JapDhyan Kirtan on this holy night.

Sharad Poonam Videos To
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Vijaya dashmi

jai sri ram
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Vijayadashami  is one of the most great & holiest Hindu festival celebrated on the tenth day of the Hindu autumn lunar month of Ashvin, or Ashwayuja which falls in September or October of the Western calendar, from the Shukla Paksha Pratipada, or the day after the new moon which falls in Bhadrapada, to the Dashami, or the tenth day of Ashvin. The first nine days are celebrated as Maha Navratri(Sanskrit: नवरात्रि, ‘nine nights’) or Sharada Navratri {the most important Navratri) and culminates on the tenth day as Vijaya dashami

Vijyadashmi 13th Oct’ 2013

विजयादशमी का दिन बहुत महत्त्व का है और इस दिन सूर्यास्त के पूर्व से लेकर तारे निकलने तक का समय अर्थात् संध्या का समय बहुत उपयोगी है। रघु राजा ने इसी समय कुबेर पर चढ़ाई करने का संकेत कर दिया था कि ‘सोने की मुहरों की वृष्टि करो या तो फिर युद्ध करो।’ रामचन्द्रजी रावण के साथ युद्ध में इसी दिन विजयी हुए। ऐसे ही इस विजयादशमी के दिन अपने मन में जो रावण के विचार हैं काम, क्रोध, लोभ, मोह, भय, शोक, चिंता – इन अंदर के शत्रुओं को जीतना है और रोग, अशांति जैसे बाहर के शत्रुओं पर भी विजय पानी है। दशहरा यह खबर देता है।..

Visit :http://www.ashram.org/AboutAshram/Festivals/Vijayadashami.aspx

Vijaya Dashmi is a divine festival.

All  the hindu festivals are important in their own way, but Vijaya Dashmi or Dussehra is unique in that it points towards the over all development in life. Though a series of festivals follows Dussehra, it is the festival of Dussehra that marks the beginning of a person’s all round development.

Dussehra or Vijayadashmi reminds us that one who indulges the ten senses in the objects of the world and seeks enjoyment therefrom loses the battle of life like Ravana.

The wise one, who restrains his ten senses and reposes in his True Self, and also leads others towards Self Bliss, emerges victorious like Lord Rama, and attains the Immortal state as well.

One who moves towards the Eternal, experiences inner peace, inner light and contentment like Lord Rama. But the one, who forgoes the eternal and seeks happiness from the impermanent, meets Ravana’s fate. To drive this principle home, and to rid us of the attraction towards the impermanent, is the objective of burning Ravana’s effigy on every Dussehra.

The body is transient, wealth is not eternal, and we are steadily heading towards death with each passing day. Our only duty is to garner the wealth of dharma; and for that purpose human birth alone is suitable.

Life is an art and one who doesn’t know the art of living fails to know the art of dying as well. He dies and is re-born again and again. One who knows the art of living, his life unites him with the Bestower of life, and death merges him with the deathless Lord. Life is a celebration, a song, and a melody. Live life in a way that would illuminate life, and die as would exude fragrance…it is for this very purpose that you have come to this world.

You have not come to rot in this world. You have not come to give birth to a few sons and daughters, become a mother-in-law, grandmother or grandfather, and then die in the end. You have come to experience, before death comes, your Eternal Self, Whom even death can’t touch; and Dussehra inspires you towards this goal.

The war between Ramji and Ravana is over, but the war between the Rama-attitude and Ravana-attitude within us continues. Lest the jiva is defeated in the war, Tulsidasji guides us, saying –

Pure discrimination does not arise without the compassionate Grace of God or the Sadguru.
Without the Grace of the Sadguru, without Satsang, one remains bereft of the insightful discrimination that provides answers to questions like, “Where lies real happiness? For what purpose have we been endowed with human life?”, etc. Without the Sadguru’s benign Grace, the jiva has been wandering in search of peace and bliss not for a couple of days or years or lives, but for ages together, with no idea about the right source of true peace and bliss. It therefore needs to avail itself of the Sadguru’s company and Satsang.
The company of saints equips one with the insight as to what should be done, and what should not be done, what brings excellence to life and what needs to be done before death strikes. Once you have known all this, you have truly benefited from the holy company of saints and accomplished the very goal of human life.

The craving for sense enjoyments takes one on the path of Ravana, while the techniques imparted by the Saints fill one’s life with inner bliss. And sooner or later, the jiva realizes its True Self, which is the true goal of human life.

Dasha-Hara is the festival of Victory of Good over Evil.

Jai maa durga

Victory of Durga Mata over Mahishasura
Some of the demons, or Asuras, were very powerful and ambitious and continually tried to defeat the Devas, or Gods , and capture Heaven. One Asura, Mahishasura, in the form of a buffalo, grew very powerful and created havoc on the earth. Under his leadership, the Asuras defeated the Devas. The world was crushed under Mahishasura’s tyranny, the Devas joined their energies into Shakti, a single mass of incandescent energy, to kill Mahishasura.
A very powerful band of lightning emerged from the mouths of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and a young, beautiful female virgin with ten hands appeared. All the Gods gave their special weapons to her. This Shakti coalesced to form the goddess Durga. Riding on a lion, who assisted her, Durga fought Mahishasura. The battle raged for nine days and nights. Finally on the tenth day of Ashvin shukla paksha, Mahishasura was defeated and killed by MaaDurga.
Hence Dasha-Hara is also known as Navratri or Durgotsav and is a celebration of MaaDurga’s victory. Devi Durga, as Consort of Lord Shiva, represents two forms of female energy – one mild and protective and the other fierce and destructive.

Homecoming of Durga Maata
Daksha, the Lord of the Earth, and his wife Menaka, had a daughter called Sati. As a child, Sati started worshipping Lord Shiva as her would-be-husband. Lord Shiva was pleased with the Sati’s worship of him and married her. Daksha was against their marriage but could not prevent it. Daksha arranged a yagna to which everyone except Lord Shiva was invited. Sati, feeling ashamed of her father’s behaviour and shocked by the attitude meted towards her husband, sacrified herself in the holy fire. Lord Shiva was anguished when he discovered this. He lifted Sati’s body on his shoulders and started dancing madly. As the supreme power was dancing with wrath, the world was on the verge of destruction.
Then Lord Narayana came forward as a saviour and used his Chakra to cut Sati’s body into pieces. Those pieces fell from the shoulders of the dancing Shiva and scattered throughout the world. Shiva was pacified when the last piece fell from his shoulder. Lord Narayana revived Sati. The places where the pieces of Sati fell are known as the “Shakti Piths” or energy pits. Kalighat in Kolkata, Kamakshya near Guwahati and Vaishnav Devi in Jammu are three of these places.
In her next birth, Sati was born as Parvati or Shaila-Putri (First form of Durga), the daughter of Himalaya. Lord Narayana asked Shiva to forgive Daksha. Ever since, peace was restored and Durga Adi Shakti with her children Saraswati, Lakshmi, Kartikeya, Ganesh and her two sakhis – Jaya and Vijaya visit her parents each year during the season of Sharatkal or autumn, when Durga-Puja is celebrated.

End of Agnyatawas of Pandavas
In the age of Dvapara Yuga, Pandavas – the five acknowledged sons of Pandu (Sanskrit: पांडु), by his two wives Kunti and Madri – lost to Kauravas in a game of dice, and both spent twelve years of Vanawas, or exile to the forest, followed by one year of Agnyatawas. The brothers hid their weapons in a hole in a Shami tree before entering the Kingdom of Virat to complete the final year of Agnyatawas. After that year, on Vijayadashmi, they recovered the weapons, declared their true identities and defeated Kauravas, who had attacked King Virat to steal his cattle. Since that day, Shami trees and weapons have been worshipped and the exchange of Shami leaves on Vijayadashmi has been a symbol of good will and victory. This is also called Shami/Jammi Puja.

Devotees perform “Aditya Homa” as a “Shanti Yagna” and recite Sundara Kanda of Srimad Ramayana for nine days. These Yagna performances are thought to create powerful agents in the atmosphere surrounding the house that will keep the household environment clean and healthy. These rituals are intended to rid the household of the ten bad qualities, which are represented by ten heads of Ravana as follows:

Kama (Lust)
Krodha (Anger)
Moha (delusion)
Lobha (Greed)
Mada (Over Pride)
Matsara (Jealousy)
Manas (Mind)
Buddhi (Intellect)
Chitta (will)
Ahankara (Ego).

Some householders perform Yagnas thrice daily along with Sandhya Vandana, which is also called Aahavaneeya Agni, Grahapatya Agni or Dakshina Agni. In addition, the Aditya Homa is performed with the Maha Surya Mantras and the Aruna Prapathaka of the Yajurveda. These mantras are believed to keep the heart, brain and digestive functions in balance in the absence of adequate sunlight in the winter months.

The ceremony of Vidyarambham (Vidya means “knowledge” , arambham means “beginning’), a Hindu tradition where children between two and three years old are formally initiated, is held on Vijayadashami.
The last three days of the Navaratri festival, i.e. Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja. The celebrations start with the Puja Veypu (Placing for Worship). It consists of placing the books for Pooja on the Ashtami day. It may be in one’s own house, in the local Nursery School run by traditional teachers, or in the local temple. The books will be taken out for reading, after worship, only on the morning of the third day (Vijaya Dashami). It is called Puja Eduppu (Taking from Puja). Children are happy since they are not expected to study on these days. On the Vijaya Dashami day, Kerala celebrates the Ezhuthiniruthu or Initiation of Writing for the little children before they are admitted to nursery schools. This is also called Vidyarambham. The child is made to write for the first time on the rice spread in a plate with the index finger, guided by an elder of the family or by a reputed teacher. The little ones will have to write “Hari Shri Ganapataye Namah” and recite the same to mark the auspicious entry in to the world of education. This is considered a memorable event in the life of a person. Ayudha Puja is also conducted during this period.

Sri Adi Shankara Jayanti

omtattvamasi.blogspot.com
:- Vaishakh Shukla Paksha Panchami

Sri Adi Shankaracharya as an Incarnation ‘Avataram’ of Lord Shiva & the first Vishwa Guru of Kaliyuga

The Supreme power assumes form from time to time to bring erring humanity back to the correct path. Leaving His all pervading spirit unaffected, He incarnates choosing a form, place and time. The form and nature He takes will depend on the cause and circumstances leading to the Avatara. Avataras differ in the vehicles or medium through which the Supreme manifests itself, according to the requirement. This is understandable as whenever we find the emergence of a great personality of Superhuman strength advocating or championing the cause of the eternal principles and values of life and Dharma and achieving great things,The ultimate purpose of an incarnation is always the re-establishment of right values, of Dharma in the world.

Sri Bhagavatpada Shankaracharya, was not only a great thinker and the noblest of Advaitic philosophers but he was essentially an inspired champion of Hinduism and one of the most rigorous missionary leaders in our country. No matter what superlative we wish to apply to Adi Shankara’s genious, words would scarce suffice to describe even an iota of the mystic we know as Shankara!

Pressing need for Sri Shankara Bhagavatpada Acharya’s avatar

When the Vaidic mode of communion with the ultimate was in jeopardy, with the rejuvenation and reassertion of its wisdom being a pressing need, Adi Shankara strode like a majestic lion across the country taking all other lions in his stride and converted even die hards making them opt for the path illumined by Upanishads, such a powerful leader was needed at that time when Hinduism had been almost smothered within an enticing entanglements of atheistic views and consequently the Hindu Society came to be disunited and broken up into numberless sects and denominations each championing a different new point and engaged in mutual quarrels and endless argumentations.
It was into such a chaotic intellectual atmosphere that Sri Shankara brought his life giving philosophy of non-dual Brahaman of the Upanishads. It can very well be understood what a colossal work it must have been for any one man to undertake in those days, when modern conveniences of mechanical transport and instruments of propaganda were unknown.

A peerless mystic
Also as a peerless mystic, Adi Shankara could well have united his ambit to only the fortunate ones. He could as well have been totally reclusive and stayed away from it all. Yet, he chose to illumine the path of divine in an exemplary manner propounding his wisdom among even the uninitiated common, ordinary people, in a manner suited to the listener’s capacity. He was fully awakened and totally aware of the intricacies of the unknown, yet he was humble and wise, as only the truly great ones can be.
In His missionary work of propagating the great philosophical truths of the Upanishads and rediscovering through them the true cultural basis of our nation, Acharya Shankara had a variety of efficient weapons in his resourceful armory. An exquisite thinker, a brilliant intellect, a personality scintillating super think tank with the vision of Truth, a heart throbbing with industrious faith and ardent desire to serve the nation, sweetly emotional and relentlessly logical, Adi Shankara was the fittest Spiritual General to champion the cause of Upanishads. It was indeed a vast program that Shankara accomplished within the short span of 20 effective years for at the age of 32 he had finished his work and had folded up his manifestation.
From masculine prose to feminine soft songs, from marching militant verses to dancing songful words, be in the halls of Upanishadic commentaries or in the temple of Brahmasutra expositions, in the theatre of his Bhagavad Gita discourses or in the open flowery fields of his devotional songs, His was a pen that danced to the rhythm of His heart and to the swing of His thoughts. But pen alone would not have won the war of culture for our country. He showed himself to be a great organizer, a far sighted diplomat courageous hero and a tireless servant of the country.
Before the advent of Sri Shankara numerous ritualistic cults engendered unclear practices which cried for reform. Sri Shankara completed this task. He gave them a new, purer and purposeful outlook. Working through its own tradition, each system or cult was helped to discipline mind conduct and practices, to be able to progress with the higher forum of truth. The evils were cleansed in the practice of rituals and a place was assigned to each cult in what may be described as a `federation of faiths’ with the prospect of leading its rotary to the understanding of Upanishadic ideal. Refinement of religious beliefs and practices leads to refinement of character and social respectability.

The Incarnation
SHANKARACHARYA

Lord Shiva’s Grace
It is stated that Sri Shankaracharya was born of Lord Shiva’s Grace to his parents. Kalati or Kalady is a beautiful village Kerala. Even today this fine village may be seen on the bank of river Poornaa. There lived an orthodox Namboodri brahim family .devoted to Lord Shiva. named Shivaguru and Aryamba.

Being a Devotees of Shiva Though rich, they led simple life Both the husband a wife were well educated. and very generous.

They were worried only about not having any children even after long time. They made vows an appeals to all godsand Temples. At last, suggested by unknown old Sanyasi, they we to Trishur (Trishwaperurur old name) for rendering devotional service to Lord Shiva Vaddukum Natha.(meaning the Lord of North Direction) The divinely graceful idol of the Lord Shiva attracted them. They spent many days there with a feeling that serving Him is the only way known to them One night Vaddukum Nathan appearred in their dream. It was a wonder experience.. Lord Shiva posed a question to them.. I am pleased with your steadfast devotion. I shall- grant your prayer. But there is one question, Does it suffice if you are given only one son of short life who will be a Maha Sanyaasi A great Ascetic or do you want many children of long life but dull wits?”

Would the Lord Shiva who is not easily accessible put an easy question? The couple who had such boundless faith in Lord Shiva found completely a different way out. They left everything to His decision only. Then the Lord said, I Lord shiva myself will be born as your son,& will become an universal spiritual teacher.the “Vishwa Guru” So, saying, He disappeared. Shivaguru and Aryamba felt very happy and stayed there for several more days offering their worship and service to Lord Shiva Ishwara. Afterwards they returned home.

A divine & beautifull son was born to Aryamba by the full Grace of Lord Shankara The baby was then named Shankara. Calculating according to solar calendar, the auspicious day has been said to be the fifth day of the bright fortnight of the month of Vaishakha. Shukla Panchami.The devotees celebrate – “Shankara Jayanti On that- day every year.

Shankara, being a divine incamation grew up right from his childhood as a prodigy in every respect. It is said that at the age of eight he had understood the four Vedas. By the time he was twelve years of age, he had understood all branches ofknowledge. And by sixteen he had written commen- taries on those Vedanta which are considered to be his major works. Sharp as his intellect was, so was his heart very broad. At The first year of his age he had learnt both Malayalam, his mother tongue, and Sanskrit, the language of the Vedas. During his second year he was able to read and write in these languages. During his third year he was able to read and explain epics and mythology. Thus is it stated in some books written about him.Even at a young age Shankara, had become proficient in Prakrit Magadhi and Sanskrit languages. Considered from an ordinary standpoint, one might feel that much of this may be an exaggeration. But instances of child prodigies endowed with a divine gift of brilliance are not uncommon.

At Gurukula
At the age of five Shankara’s Upanayana was performed. By that time his father Shivaguru passed away.Only the mother had to bear the responsibility of bringing up the child

Shankara was sent to the nearby Gurukula on the banks of river Poornaa. Under the guidance of Guru he studied the Vedas and its branches and also all other subjects. His brilliance brought credit to the entire Gurukula. From an incident that happened during his stay at the Gurukula one can understand his deep concern for the poor and distressed persons.

There is a convention that the pupils in a Gurukula should get their food by begging. Accordingly the boy Shankara went round to beg. He stood at the door of a house and shouted, “Mother, please give alms. He repeated the appeal twice. There was no reply. He repeated it several times. Then a woman came out and stood with a sad face. There was nothing in the house to offer to this boy. Hence that piteous look. Tears welled up in her eyes.

Shankara understood the situation. “Mother, I shall be content with whatever you give me. Thereby may there be no scarcity in your house,” he said. But how to give anything when there was nothing? What is there to give? At last she remembered the gooseberries grown in the backyard. She brought some gooseberries and gave them to Shankara. Shankara then prayed to Shreedevi, the Goddess of Wealth, to show her mercy on this humble and virtuous woman. Then, as Written in the books, there was a shower of golden gooseberries in the house. This means that as a, result of Shankara’s prayer to the Goddess, that family became rich and Prosperous.

Shankara stayed in the Gurukula for eight years. By then he made such a thorough study of all the subjects that he had them at his finger-Ups. More than any other subject, he was greatly interested in the Vedanta, the most advanced part of the Vedas, which is said to be the very came of spiritual truth. This is the highest and the culminating point of all knowledge. “By knowing which everything will be known, and that is what the Vedanta aims at,” say the learned. Even at such a tender age Shankara was attracted towards that goal. This shows the greatness of his personality.

For The Sake Of Mother
Many instances that reveal the divine spirit of great men are available at every stage of their lives. It was so in the case of Shankara also. After completing his education in the Gurukula, it was the time when Shankara was at home rendering service to his mother and also teaching some pupils. Aryamba had fallen ill. But still she insisted on having her daily bath in the river Poornaa. Though the river-bed was in front of her house, it had dried up because of summer, and the slender flow of water was far away. Aryamba had to cross the vast sand-bed to reach the water. One day she managed to finish her bath and was returning home. While crossing that sand-bed, not being able to withstand the sun and strain, she fainted and fell down on the way. Shankara got the news and rushed to the spot. He attended to her. When she recovered a little, he brought her home.

The summer might be unbearable and the water might be flowing at a distance across a broad bed of sand. But Aryamba would never agree to change her routine. So the next day, would she not go again to the river for bath? this worried Shankara. He folded his hands in salutation to the river goddess, Poornaa Devi. He prayed to her to flow in full, extending her waters up to their house, in order to facilitate his mother’s ritualistic bath. Maybe in answer to his prayer, or maybe by a seasonal phenomenon or due to both, there was a continuous downpour of rain throughout the night. The next morning river Poornaa was found flowing fully over the breadth of her sands in all her grace and majesty.

The miracle as having brought the distant river very near made all the people of the village Kalady joined the ailing Aryamba in praising and blessing Shankara.

Mother’s Longing And Anxiety
Who is not astonished at the routine of an eight year old boy being engaged in Vedic studies, contemplation on Vedantic thoughts and teaching the same to others? In addition to this he had to attend on his aged mother.

As days were passing like this, one day two Brahmin’s who were both old in years and in wisdom came to Shankara’s house. Aryamba and Shankara received them with respect and treated them hospitably. The guests found the atmosphere of the house extraordinary. They were enchanted by Shankara’s brilliance, modesty and godly qualities. They felt that only to work for the welfare of the world God must have endowed this boy at such a tender age with all those abilities and achievements. While departing, those old men told Shankara’s mother: “May your son live long. May he become a stalwart in establishing the Vedic tradition firmly and gloriously in Bharat which is now passing through a crisis, and may he thereby accomplish the welfare of the world.”

The mother’s heart was also yearning for the same. She prayed to Ishwara to grant her son a long life and to make the blessings of those Magis come true. But how is it that God Ishwara Himself appearing in the dream told, “Your son may have a short life but he will be the teacher of the world”? Then what does the blessing of these old Magis mean? Aryamba was puzzled. But she consoled herself saying, “May it be as He wills it.”

The son seems to have understood her anxiety. He tried to comfort her by saying, “Mother, don’t you see that incidents of everyday life point only to the transitory nature of life? If we make use of all the time at our disposal in the service of God, is there a better fortune than that?”

Shankara, the Ascetic
There is not the slightest doubt about an unseen hand shaping the life of Shankara. As if to confirm this, there happened an incident.

One day Shankara was bathing in the river Poornaa. A crocodile caught his leg and began to pull him into the river. However strong one might be one can’t fight with a crocodile in water and succeed. What could the plight of boy Shankara be then? He felt that his life had come to an end. He loudly called out to his mother. She came running. He told her, “Death isapproaching, mother, as I have been caught by a crocodile. I am unable to free myself from its grip. I see only one way out. I must take sannyasa before I die. Please permit me to take ‘instant sannyasa’. (Taking sannyasa in essence means to give up one life’ and get a new one. So by the decision to take sannyasa he would get over the death caused by the crocodile. Either way he would attain an exalted state. If he survived he would have a new life. If he should die, even then he would have a new life after casting away his body.) The son’s plight and his pathetic appeal moved the heart of the mother. She wasconfused. If he could live at least by becoming a monk, may it be so. She only wanted him to live. So, with a firm faith in Ishwara she gave her consent saying, “My child, may it be according to His will.”

Probably it was the will of God that Shankara should be freed from worldly life. The crocodile left Shankara unhurt and swam away in the water! Shankara. Crossed over the sorrow and misery of worldly life. By mere resolution of the mind, he became a Sannyasi and attained a new life.

Mother was grieved about his becoming an ascetic. A few days after this incident, the boy-monk told her about his life’s mission.

He requested her to permit her to leave Kalati.

He was her only son. And was a gift of god to her.

But when she realised that he was born only to render service both to God and to humanity, she blessed him and bade him farewell saying, “Attain great fame, my dear son.”

Shankara requested the elders and his dear friends of neighborhood to have good care about his mother and then he got ready to leave Mother could not control her grief “Shankara,” she said, “will I see yet again once at least before I die? Shankara, having understood mother., heart, assured her, “Mother, remember me at the time death. I will come to you wherever I may be. I am praying to God to grant me the ‘good fortune of serving my mother during her last days.” This was a reply of one who had supreme faith in God. To divert his mother’s attention towards God, he installed at home an idol of Sri Krishna. Leaving his mother to his gracious care, Shankara left Kalati.

A Matchless Guru For A Matchless Disciple
Now Shankara’s main aim was to search for a Guru. His intense desire was to have as his Guru only a person who had realised Brahman. If this is the expectation of a disciple, is not that Guru most fortunate? . Shankara went towards North. He came to the banks of river Narmada after passing through many hermitages. There he found the hermitage of a Mahayogi. And this was Govinda Bhagavatpada. Seeing him in a state of deep samadhi, Shankara’s heart was filled Iwith satisfaction. His expectation had been fulfilled. What did Govinda Guru see when he woke to his conscious state? A boy-ascetic with a bright and radiant face, standing there with folded hands. The inner spiritual development was writ large on his face. After prostrating before the Guru, Shankara introduced himself. He requested that he may be accepted as a disciple. Govinda Yogi felt happy at the very first meeting as h e had found the very type of person – the fittest disciple – for whom he had been waiting. Let alone teaching the pupil the mysterious secrets of the Vedanta, was it not a great pleasure for the Guru to find there a disciple who had not only digested the very philosophy of Vedanta but looked every inch the embodiment of that philosophy? Taking initiation from the Guru in a regular way to ascetic life, Shankara carried on his studies with all devotion.

For the boy Shankara who had obtained a marvellous success in comprehending the Advaita philosophy, “The spiritual Yoga” was very necessary. A person who at his will could forget himself and the world and enter the indescribable state of supreme peace! Such was the Guru. And the disciple was one who was qualified to attain that state. This was a preparatory step of Shankara in getting dynamic power which would facilitate the great work he was to do in future. Understanding the truth is different from experiencing it. Govinda Bhagavatpada enabled Shankara to attain this state of glorious experience. The wise who have attained this state call it the experience of the Infinite. This experience gave rich nourishment to Shankara’s personality. The entire world appeared to be full of Brahman to him. After this the only thing that remained to be done was to communicate the bliss he had known and experienced to one and all through Vedanta. This work was assigned also to him by his Guru Govinda Bhagavatpada. He was asked to write, in the light of truth he had realised, commentaries on the three basic texts, namely the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and Brahmasutras which are the spiritual treasure troves of Bharat. The Guru blessed him saying, “Whatever you wish, it shall be fulfilled by the power you have acquired from yogic practices.” The next period of Shankara’s life was devoted to the propagation of Vedanta.

0, Mother Parvati, – Give Me Alms’
After visiting many pilgrim centres of this holy land of Bharat, Sri Shankara came to Kashi. His object was to have darshan of God Vishweshwara on the banks of sacred Ganges. His march of religious conquest was to start in Kashi.
Shankara in Kashi felt that his first and foremost duty was to have darshan of Sri Annapurna, the presiding deity of the city of Kashi, that she should give him the first alms. But the alms that Shankara begged of her was unusual:
Jnaana-vairaagya-siddhyartham
bhikshaam dehi cha Parvati
“O Mother Parvati, give me alms such as will enable me to attain wisdom and austerity.” The humility and the intense feeling with which he was appealing to the mother of the universe, the radiance which far exceeded the tender age of that handsome boy-monk surprisedeverybody. If some thronged around him to listen to the ecstatic songs dominated by a note of devotion which Shankara sang in his divine voice, many others came to listen to his enlightening discourses on Vedanta. Still many more experienced peace in his company under a spiritual influence. In this way, before long the boy-ascetic won a place in the hearts of the people.
During Shankara’s stay in the city of Kashi an incident happened as ill to test his inner development.
The day was about to dawn. Shankara was on his way to the river for bathing. A man Chandala with his pets four dogs came across the road.blocking the way of Shankara, it seems, Shankara asked him to give way” The answer the other man gave was startling. “To which are you asking to move, this body or the Self? Is not this body also made of dust in the same way as your body? Does the Self ever get polluted? And how can the Self which is present everywhere keep itself at a distance? Is there any difference between you and me the way it has pervaded?” It is a situation in which any one might get confounded. But Shankara’s reaction was entirely different. Throwing away all his pride, he fell prostrating at the feet of that man. “This is not an ordinary man. One who has ‘described the nature of the Self in such a simple and lucid language is really not ordinary: He is no other than Lord Shiva Himself with the four Vedas Is not this inner enlight-enment a form of Vishweshwara’s Grace?” he said to himself and felt happy. Shankara even after experiencing the Advaita doctrine was caught for a moment in the illusion of high and low. He offered his salutation to that God in human form who had dispelled his illusion.
One Vishnu Sharma at Kashi prayed with great devotion. “I wish to be freed from the bondage of worldly life, please show me the way, Sir.” He became the first disciple of Shankara. It is this person who later became known as ‘Padmapadacharya’.

Commentaries
Shankara, a scholar of tremendous capacity, had one important task to do. The Upanishads, BhagavadGita and Brahmasutras are sacred scriptures of the Hindus; but it is not easy to understand them. Shankaracharya decided to write commentaries on these texts. He wrote first on the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita. They became very popular. He was to write the commentary on BrahmaSutras. Hindus believe that Bhagavan Vyasa is still alive in Badari, the pilgrim centre. This centre is located at the foot of the Himalayas, at an altitude of 12,000 feet. Travelling was not easy in those days, about 1200 years ago. ButShankaracharya went to Badari itself to write his commentary on the BrahmaSutras.

Dedicating himself to the service of Ishwara and Bhagavan Vyasa, he launched upon his work. The writing of commentary went on smoothly. It is said that Vyasa himself gave darshan to Shankara and blessed him. As it happened, according to his expectation Shankara continued his work with a new vigour. This doubled his life-span as it were. Mainly this new vigour-call it longevity – was needed for the fulfil- ment of Shankara’s project. The heavy task of spreading the meaning of these great texts was also waiting. Shankara’s mission in life would not be completed without doing this. So in order to carry out this responsibility, a new vigour in the form of God’s Grace and Guru’s blessings was needed. Shankara, having got this, devoted the rest of his life to carry out his mission. This, as may be called, was the period of Shankara’s conquests.

As the first step of his conquests Shankara came to the city of Ruddha. There he was to encounter one Kumarila Bhatta in argument and win over him. Kumarila said, “If you want to debate on Vedanta you should go to MandanaMishra; and if you win over him in an argument, then surely you can expect victory for Vedanta everywhere.”

Mandana Mishra was an outstanding scholar. Even the most learned men would feel nervous to argue with him. He lived in a town called Mahishmati. Shankaracharya went there. Mandana Mishra agreed for a debate.

What is the stake?

The loser should become the winner’s disciple.

Both were stupendous scholars. Who should be the judge competent to decide as to who had won and who had lost?

The wife of Mandana Mishra was Ubhaya Bharat. She too had astounding scholarship. She was regarded as the incarnation of Saraswati (the Goddess of learning). She was made the judge.

The debate with thundering argument and counter-argument on for several days.

Mandana Mishra at last accepted his defeat. As per the agreement he became a sannyasi and disciple ofShankaracharya.

This victory of Shankara was of tremendous consequence, we should say. It was the triumph of Shankara Charya’s teaching. Besides, he got a brilliant person like Mandana Mishra as his disciple. It was this disciple who rendered memorable service to Vedanta and became known as ‘Sureshwaracharya.’

After this event Shankara went to the sacred Srishalila. His intention was mainly to defeat Ugra Bhairava who was notorious in Tantric field such as witchcraft and black magic. That Kaapaalika could not win over Shankara’s pious and spiritual Vedic doctrines. He with his black art even attempted to kill Shankara, but fell himself a prey to it. From Srishaila Shankara went to Gokarna, another famous pilgrim-centre. And then he proceeded along the Sahyadri range to the Mookambika Temple at the foot of Sahyadri hills.

‘Hastamalakal
Here he was to get one more great disciple. Prabhakara was a brahmin. He had a son who was a dumb boy. He appeared to be dull. But Shankara felt that he was a yogi. Instead of asking the parents who had brought the boy ‘Why is the boy like this? since when?’ he asked the boy straightaway : “Who are you, my boy?” What else could be so sacred a place as the one where the divine master was standing for the yogi to break his silence? One who was dumb poke in answer, “I am the eternal self and not dead matter.” This was the simplest form of expressing the nature of the self. By the grace of the master, the dull and the silent son of that couple revealed himself to be a great and wise sage. The master felt happy and taking him as disciple, named him ‘Hastamalaka’.

The Four Regional Monasteries Matthas
The next important event in Shankara’s life was his coming to Shringeri. This place is situated on the bank of river Tunga in Karnataka. It is the loveliest of spots. Long, long ago, great sages like Vibhan- daka, Rishyashringa and such others had carried on their penance there. Since then it had been a very sacred place.Enchanted with the tranquillity of that place, Shankara established his first Vedanta JnanaPeetha. He installed there the idol of Sri Sharada, the Goddess of Learning, and placed Sureshwara as the Head of that Sharada Peetha.

In Acharya Shankara’s view the entire Bharat was a holy land. Its welfare and unification was to be based on Dharma only. In connection with this unification, Acharya’s plan was to establish four centres in four corners of Bharat for spreading Vedanta and for guiding persons practising Vedanta. The founding of Sharada Peetha was the first step in this project. This was meant to provide guidance for South India. He established the Govardhana Peetha in Jagannath for the East, the Kalika Peetha in Dwaraka for the West, and the Jyotih Peetha in Badarikashrama for the North. These Peethas are called ‘Amnaya Peethas.

The Disciples
How at Shringeri during his stay Shankara showered his blessings on a disciple called Giri is very interesting. The co- students used to look down upon Girl thinking that Vedanta for him was a hard nut to crack. Once Shankara at the time of his lecture said, “Let us wait for Giri.” The other pupils said, “Why should we wait for him, Sir? A wall is much better than that dullard.”

Shankara felt pained when such a student as was devoted to the service of his master was jeered at. “What do you know about his nature and spiritual achievements? His ability will reveal itself shortly,” said the Master. “Isn’t it enough if Master knows my merit? Should it be made known to others also? Let me not have such conceit” – so Giri used to feel within himself and was serving his master silently. On that day as usual he came late and did obeisance to Acharya. Acharya said with a smile, “Look Giri, We want you to give a discourse on the Self and its nature. We have been waiting for you.”

It was the master’s command as well as blessing. The so-called dullard Giri, in a very modest way and full of devotion expressed in his eyes, presented the very gist of Vedanta in Trotaka Vritta, a highly complicated metrical form, but very enlighteningly as if he was making with all reverence as offering to the Master. The other students felt ashamed of their folly. They apologised to both Acharya and Giri. Shankara, thus revealing the literary ability latent in Giri, called him “Trotakacharya” to make this incident remembered for a long time.

Among the disciples of Shankara the most prominent are four Padmapada, Sureshwara, Hastamalaka and Trotaka. Shankara nominated them as the chiefs of the four Vedanta centres he had established: Sureshwara for shringeri the South zone center, Padmapada for Kalika Peetha of a, Trotaka for Jyotih’ peetha Dwarak of Badari, and Hastamalaka for Govardhana Peetha of Jagannath. He told that at their lives should be dedicated to re-organise ancient Hindu Dharma.

Service to Mother
Meanwhile Shankara felt that the end of his old mother Aryamba was nearing. Accordingly he returned to Kalati. When Shankara came to know that she was to die shortly, he offered ‘Shiva Bhujanga Stotra’ and ‘Vishnu Stotra’ which have a power to save the soul, and prayed that she might die peacefully and attain heavenly abode.

Shankara’s mother died. Her body was to be cremated. But none of Shankara’s relatives came forward to help. A monk cannot perform the funeral rites of anyone, not even of his parents. Still Shankara- charya felt, is it not a sacred duty to perform the funeral rites of the dead when required to? Shankara had to carry” the body himself with great difficulty to the burning place and light up the pyre. By doing this last service to his mother, he felt gratified.

Shankaracharya paid a visit to Sharada Nilaya in Kashmir known as Sarvajna Peetha (the seat of the all knowing). Those who are not all-knowing are not entitled to sit on it; no one could claim to be an expert in any religion or philosophy without sitting on it. Shankara did not wish to show himself off as Sarvajna. He felt that Sri Sharada Nilaya with Sarvajna Peetha was by itself a place worthy of visit by all devotees. Besides, Kashmir is the crown of Bharat. So he resolved to g 0 there, lest the ancient Hindu religion should perish there.

There are four gates in four directions for entering Sharada Nilaya. Eminent scholars and philosophers had entered it from various directions and had established their scholarly merit But no one so far had adorned this chair of Sarvajna. And also till their no one had even attempted to enter the temple through the Southern gate May be this gate was waiting for Acharya Shankara. only who was from the South! Scholars of many group and communities were waiting for him in ‘ the premises of Sir Sharada Nilaya All were filled with a feeling of reverence to see him who was learned in both Jnana and Vijnana Yet the scholars in religious philosophies of Jaina, Bouddha, Samkhya, Yoga, Nays and Vaisheshika confronted him at the time of his entry to the temple, Shankara defeated all of them in philosophical debate and then entered the temple through the Southern gate.

Acharya went to ascend Sarvajna Peetha. Sri Sharada, the presiding deity of all learning, herself set a test for him. Shankara passed this test also. After this the Goddess Herself blessed him, proclaiming his omniscience. So say the ‘Shankara Vijayas’.

We can take this to be an allegory of all the struggles Shankara had to face in his life. Ascending the seat of Sarvajna situated in Kashmir of the North is a symbol. The meaning of it is that Shankara reached the peak of spirituality. We can get an idea of his greatness from the fact that a person of just thirty had ascended the throne of all knowledge.

The Path That Shankara Showed
By that time the Acharya had probably gone round the whole of Bharat two times. He had travelled from Rameshwara and Kanyakumari of the South to Kashmir of the North, from Jagannath of the East to Dwaraka of the West, and had visited many places of pilgrimage. He got many temples renovated and inspired many to a righteous living.

Sri Shankaracharya showed I example how a man should live. The life should shine forth with pious qualities like knowledge, devotion and asceticism. He preached the way Advaita. That means everything in the world is Brahman and all are one. The world is constantly changing. These changes are neither important nor real. The reality that lies behind all these things and activities Brahman. One should develop an eye to see God everywhere and in everything. People who have that vie, take the whole world for the mother- land, and treat all human beings as their brothers.

Shankara many wrote philosophical book to help the people understand The Sanatana Hindu Dharma. Alongside he wrote man,many beautiful hymns that nourish devotional feelings in people. The hymn ‘ Bhaja Gowindam composed by him has been a very popular song all over Bharat . “If you want to get rid of the miseries of life and fear- of death, pray to Govinda.”

Futuristic plans ofSri Shankara Bhagavatpada Acharya’s avatar
Yet another significant aspect of brilliant leadership is vision and versatility which Acharya Sri Shankara personified in no mean measure, well versed in all shastras, endowed with razor sharp intellect and being dedicated to spreading his message to all, Sri Shankara’s futuristic vision is apparent in the methods employed for propogating the splendor of truth. Direct contact with people, through interunity travel, culminating in the establishment of the four vibrant centres of spiritual learning to cover the entire country.
Establishing 4 maths in the four quadrants of our country, opening temples, organizing halls of education, this mighty master left nothing undone in maintaining what he achieved. Among the four Maths two of them in the East and West were set up on the sea shore, while the Maths in the North and South were set up in the mountain regions. Sri Sureshwaracharya, who hailed from the north was placed in charge of the Math in the South, while Totaka from the South was sent to Badri in the North. He made it mandatory that the Nampootiris from Kerla should perform Pooja at Badri, while the Brahmins from Karnataka were assigned for Nepal. Likewise He ordained Maharashtra Brahmins to do Pujas at Rameshwaram. This shows what a broadmind He had when it came to leadership in matters of national interest.
Men of realization are of two classes. Some continue in their state of self absolution. They are charged with spirituality to their finger tips and they silently radiate spirituality to others.
Others choose to live in the world, but are not of the world; they love men and objects of the world, not in deed for themselves, but for the infinite in them. By living in their proximity, by speaking with them, one can understand more than what texts could provide.

SHANKARACHARYA The Guiding Light

Acharya Shankara, at the early age of 32, cut asunder all bonds of relation with the ‘world and attained the state of Brahman. Ordinary people will have to spend 32 years even for being able ask “What is the meaning of life?” But the Acharya during his brief life-time had brought about a great religious renaissance all over Bharat. By his memorable works on religion and philosophy he had pointed out the unique feature of our ancient religion. He found fulfilment of his life by consolidating the history of Bharat from the point of view of culture. He gave a concrete form to the truth that the whole of India was one by establishing spiritual centres in various zones.

May the divine life of such great avatar’s be a guiding light to us.

It is said that at the time of MahaSamadhi Bhagvan Sri Adi Shankara left his holy body at three holy places, mental body sukshma sharira at Trishur Vadakkum Nathan Temple Kerala, his physical body Bhoutika sharira at Kedarnath Himalaya and Spiritual body Adhyatmik Sharira at the Pavitra Bhumi Kailas KailashMansarovar.

This signifies that his personality had extended over the whole of Bharata Bhumi.

His message in a nutshell
The message that is contained in elaborate discussions in the Bhashyas of Sri Shankara is often succinctly expressed in a century of verses, in ten verses, in one verse or even half a verse. He has reconciled the seemingly contradictory conclusions of the Upanishads and in the integrated view that He has presented the eternal, impersonal, consciousness Absolute is the Brahman, the one without a second. By His power which is inscrutable ( अनिर्वचनीया ) and called maya, or mitya, He appears as the universe, conditions by space, Time, etc., that are ever changing. The jiva is not different from the absolute Brahman, but due to Upadhis appears to be different and subject to limitations. The Upadhis limit comprehensions and are unreal like limitless space appearing like room space, pot space, etc…
Once the conditioning factors vanish, jiva is seen as one with Brahman as taught in the Mahavakya of the Upanishads. The Knowledge of this oneness is liberation or moksha. Karma and Bhakti help from a distance in the attainment of Jnana by bestowing the needed mental purity when done in a spirit of dedication to Iswara.
In His Bhashya on the topic of meditation, Sri Shankara clearly differentiates the qualification between “seeking to scale yoga’s peak ” and “having scaled the same”. He maintains that one who has ascended the yoga has to simply maintain this equipoise, i.e. till chitta shuddhi is ripe enough to maintain the meditational equipoise, karma has to be done by all in nishkama spirit as a dedication to God.
He has also declared in many places that even the obligatory works done in Nishkama spirit have punya as the fruit. He said that any karma done, having been dedicated to God may not bear fruit is improper, indeed such dedication should make work non-fruitful besides bestowing the required mental purity. He Uses the word “फलसंकल्पस्य चित्तविक्षेपहेतुत्वात्”,- in this Geeta Bhashya i.e. mental clinging to the fruits of actions distracts. Therefore any doer of actions who has given up mental clinging to the fruits is a yogin, his mind concentrated, not being distracted. Hence Karma Must not be neglected.
Though Brahman alone is Absolute Truth (Paramarthika), the knowledge of the objective universe – erroneous form the highest stand point – can still be considered as a relative kind of truth for worldly transactions e.g., a mud pot, though a mud, can still be retained for keeping the water in it.
Every one of the several schools which developed in the past Shankara age, bears the influence of Sri Shankara’s teachings in one form or other. His message boils down to the formula – natural growth, assimilating what is compatible and `co-existence’ with what is incompatible.

Yama Dwitiya

Yama Dwithiya or Bhai Dooj

The second day of Shukla Paksh, the bright forthnight of Kartik is called Bhaiyaduj. There are various names of this Hindu festival. Known by the name of bhai-dooj  Bhai Tika Bhathru Dwithiya Bhatri Ditya yamadwitheya

The festival of Bhai Dooj has a mythological background.

the story of
Yamuna the river Goddess

Sri Yamuna Ji

In various old temples of Northern India,  River GoddessYamuna is shown on her tortoise, a symbol associated with creation in the Vedas. Even today tortoises can be found on the banks of the Yamuna

Story of Brother Yama & dear Sister Yamuna

Yamuna is next only to the Ganga in her sacredness, for the Hindus. According to legend, Yamuna was a great favourite daughter of her father Surya, the Sun god. Her mother Sanjna or Samjana or Sandhya could not bear to look at her bright and dazzling husband. As she looked upon him with “samyama” (meaning restraint in Sanskrit) their son was called Yama. In spite of Surya asking her to keep her eyes open in his presence, they sometimes flickered, and so the daughter was called Yamuna.

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After the children were born, Samjna left her sister Chaaya (shadow) in her place pretending to be her, and returned to her parents’ home as she could not bear the Sun’s intense brightness. Once Chaaya bore children, she was not very compassionate towards Samjna’s children. One day, Yama, unable to tolerate Chaya’s cruelty any longer, stamped her foot hard. Enraged by this, Chaya cursed that him to lose his foot. Yamuna his beloved sister could not bear this injustice. She came to Earth and prayed for the curse to be revoked.

Yama Raja, the Hindu God of Death, visited his twin-sister Yami on the Ditya Day after a long period of separation. Yami gave a warm welcome to his brother. This she did by applying tilak on Yama’s forehead. She performed arti on him and treated him with a very delicious meal. Yama was highly pleased with the welcome meted out to him. He proclaimed that brothers who share a meal with their sisters on the auspicious ‘Dooj’ day will never face trouble in their lives. The tradition continues even today. Bhatri Ditya is religiously carried out by brothers and sisters in India. Brothers take bath in the Yamuna river and visit their sisters place for the Bhatri Ditya ceremony.

In memory of this profound love between brother and sister, bhai dooj is celebrated in various parts of the country. Sisters pray for their brothers to have a long life and brothers vow to look after and protect their sisters. This is when the “rakhi” is also tied.

According to popular legend in Hindu mythology, after slaying the evil demon Narkasur, Lord Krishna visited his sister Subhadra who gave him a warm welcome with sweets and flowers. She also affectionately adorned a tilak on Krishna’s forehead with due respect and love. Some believe this to be the origin of the festival. The auspicious celebrations of Bhai dooj reflects the rich cultural traditions of different region of India. Besides, this as this festival brings the whole family together bringing in prosperity, well being and luck, this festival is considered highly significant.

All the rituals and pooja held on Bhai Dooj is carried out in a festive pooja room or platform that is basically decorated for Diwali pooja. Sisters adorn their pooja thali with sumptuous sweets, mouth-watering ‘batashas’, roli and rice along with the coconut. Igniting the pooja lamp they perform all the rituals that involves applying a tikka made of sandalwood paste accompanied with lawn turf (dubbo) and holi chawal. After applying tikka, the sister pampers her brother with delectable eatables along with the sweets, coconut etc. In return, the brother gratifies his dear sisters with a wide variety of gifts

There are various distinct ways in which this beautiful festival is solemnized. But the features that are common in all rituals is the act of smearing a tilak of roli (vermilion), kesar (saffron) and rice on the brother’s forehead by their sister as a mark of their love and protection.

Bhai Dooj festival is also known by the name of Yamadwitheya. We all know that this festival celebrates the beauty of the eternal bond of love and affection between a brother and a sister. The festival is the last day of the diwali celebrations. This falls on the second day after Diwali and the next day after new moon night. Dhanatrayodashi, Narakchaturdashi, Amavasya (Laxmi Pujan), Balipratipada and Yamadvitiya also called Bhai Dooj are the five days which comprise Diwali. Each day is associated with a religious significance.

Yamadwitheya Legend
One of the most commonly told legend of Bhai Dooj is the tale of Yamaraj, the Hindu mythological god of Death. The reason why the festival is also know as Yamadwitheya is from the legend of god Yama Raja himself. Story says that Yamaraj met his twin-sister Yami or Yamuna after a long period of separation. The day was ‘Dwitheya’ or ‘Dooj Day’ (second day after new moon). When Yami saw her brother after a long period of time, she was very happy and she welcomed Dharam Raj (another name for Yama) wholeheartedly. She applied red tilak on his brother’s forehead and treated him a sumptuous meal. Yamaraj was very happy receiving such a warm reception from his sister. It was due to this he announced that whosoever receives a teeka from his sister on the day of ‘Dooj’ will not be hurled to hell. Hence the day is also referred as Yamadwitheya.

Yamadwitheya Ceremony
Just as Yamaraj and his sister Yami met on that auspicious day, even today brothers, visit their sister on the ‘Dwithiya Day’ and have a meal with her. The custom is called ‘Bhagini Hastha Bhojanam’, which means ‘Having meal by the hands of the sister’. It is a ritual to worship Lord Yama and his record keeper, Chithragupta on this day. Many people consider it important to take a bath in the river Yamuna on this festival. Early in the morning, after taking bath and offering prayer to God, sisters perform arti of their brothers. They apply red teeka made of sindoor, chandan and kesar and give them a sweet to eat. While performing these rituals sisters also pray for their brothers long, healthy and prosperous life. Brothers in turn bless their sisters and as a token of love present them with gifts or some cash.

Yamadwitheya Celebration
Yamadwitheya of Bhai Dooj is quite a popular festival amongst Hindus in India. With full gusto, the festival is celebrated. Brothers and sisters have a get together on Yamadwitheya and strengthen their relationship, sharing childhood memories of togetherness. Gifts are exchanged as a token of love. In a complete harmonious environment, the best of festive food is relished.

Another name of this famous Hindu festival of Bhai Dooj Bhaiyya Dooj is Bhatri Ditya. To strengthen the  pure love & beautiful bond shared between a brother and a sister, the festival Bhatri Ditya is celebrated. This is considered a part of Diwali celebrations. It is the the last day of overall Diwali celebrations in the Hindu month of Kartik, which is usually the month of October or November. ‘Ditya’ in the term ‘Bhatri Ditya’ implies that the festival falls on the second day after new moon. ‘Bhatri’ means brother. Sisters pray for their brothers’ long and happy life on this day and there is a spirit of harmony and bonhomie in the entire family because it is a kind of family get together on the auspicious occasion.