Bharat the Spiritual Guru of the World
In this context The following verse (shloka) from the Mahabharat (18.5.46) is important.
अष्टादश पुराणानि धर्मशास्त्राणि सर्वशः ।
वेदाः साङ्गास्तथैकत्र भारतं चैकतः स्थितम् ॥
Meaning : The eighteen Purans, all the scriptures (Smrutis) and the Vedas are on one side and Bharat (ancient India) on the other. (So great is the potential of Bharat.)
(Ref: Sanatan’s Publication – ‘Path of Guru’s Grace (Gurukrupayoga)’)
This section introduces you to the National Identity Elements of India. These symbols are intrinsic to the Indian identity and heritage. Indians of all demographics backgrounds across the world are proud of these National Symbols as they infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart.
The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.
Apart from non-statutory instructions issued by the Government from time to time, display of the National Flag is governed by the provisions of the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 (No. 12 of 1950) and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 (No. 69 of 1971). The Flag Code of India, 2002 is an attempt to bring together all such laws, conventions, practices and instructions for the guidance and benefit of all concerned.
The Flag Code of India, 2002, took effect from 26 January 2002 and superseded the ‘Flag Code-Indias’ as it existed. As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there are no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organisations, educational institutions, etc., except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject.
The state emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra).
In the state emblem, adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. The words Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning ‘Truth Alone Triumphs’, are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.
Lotus (Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn) is the National Flower of India. It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.
India is rich in flora. Currently available data place India in the tenth position in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. From about 70 per cent geographical area surveyed so far, 47,000 species of plants have been described by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
The Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus, the national bird of India, is a colourful, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck. The male of the species is more colourful than the female, with a glistening blue chest and neck and a spectacular bronze-green tail of around 200 elongated feathers. The female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male and lacks the tail. The elaborate courtship dance of the male, fanning out the tail and preening its feathers is a gorgeous sight.
The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes:
Gazette of India,
news broadcast by All India Radio,
calendars issued by the Government of India and
Government communications addressed to the members of the public.
Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.
The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India. Out of eight races of the species known, the Indian race, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is found throughout the country except in the north-western region and also in the neighbouring countries, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. To check the dwindling population of tigers in India, ‘Project Tiger’ was launched in April 1973. So far, 27 tiger reserves have been established in the country under this project, covering an area of 37,761 sq km.
Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis, whose branches root themselves like new trees over a large area. The roots then give rise to more trunks and branches. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India. Even today, the banyan tree is the focal point of village life and the village council meets under the shade of this tree.
The Ganga or Ganges is the longest river of India flowing over 2,510 kms of mountains, valleys and plains. It originates in the snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas as the Bhagirathi River. It is later joined by other rivers such as the Alaknanda, Yamuna, Son, Gumti, Kosi and Ghagra. The Ganga river basin (External website that opens in a new window) is one of the most fertile and densely populated areas of the world and covers an area of 1,000,000 sq. kms. There are two dams on the river – one at Haridwar and the other at Farakka. The Ganges River Dolphin is an endangered animal that specifically habitats this river.
The Ganga is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth. Key religious ceremonies are held on the banks of the river at cities such as Varanasi, Haridwar and Prayaagraj
The Ganga widens out into the Ganges Delta in the Sunderbans swamp and ends it journey in the sea at Ganga Sagar.
A tasty fruit, eaten ripe or used green for pickles etc., of the tree Mangifera indica, the mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. Its juicy fruit is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India there are over 100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. The Great poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang.
National Aquatic Animal
River Dolphin is the National Aquatic Animal of India. This mammal is also said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga as it can only survive in pure and fresh water. Platanista gangetica has a long pointed snout and also have visible teeth in both the upper and lower jaws. Their eyes lack a lens and therefore function solely as a means of detecting the direction of light. Dolphins tend to swim with one fin trailing along the substrate while rooting around with their beak to catch shrimp and fish. Dolphins have a fairly thick body with light grey-brown skin often with a hue of pink. The fins are large and the dorsal fin is triangular and undeveloped. This mammal has a forehead that rises steeply and has very small eyes. River Dolphins are solitary creatures and females tend to be larger than males. They are locally known as susu, because of the noise it makes while breathing. This species inhabits parts of the Ganges, Meghna and Brahmaputra rivers in India, Nepal & Bhutan .
River dolphin is a critically endangered species in India and therefore, has been included in the Schedule I for the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The main reasons for decline in population of the species are poaching and habitat degradation due to declining flow, heavy siltation, construction of barrages causing physical barrier for this migratory species.
The Greatest song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Sri Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom.
It is a hymn to the Mother Land.
The poem was published in Chatterjee’s book Anandamatha
Jadunath Bhattacharya was asked to set a tune for this poem just after it was written.
According to a survey done all over the world Vande mataram is one of the most favourite song sunged all around the world.
The following is the text of its first stanza:
Sujalam, suphalam, malayaja shitalam,
Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim,
Suhasinim sumadhura bhashinim,
Sukhadam varadam, Mataram!
Vande Mataram, Vande Mataram!
The English translation of the stanza rendered by Sri Aurobindo in prose 1 is:
I bow to thee, Mother,
cool with the winds of the south,
dark with the crops of the harvests,
Her nights rejoicing in the glory of the moonlight,
her lands clothed beautifully with her trees in flowering bloom,
sweet of laughter, sweet of speech,
The Mother, giver of boons, giver of bliss.
वन्दे मातरम गीत बंकिम चन्द्र चटर्जी द्वारा संस्कृत में रचा गया है; यह स्वतंत्रता की लड़ाई में लोगों के लिए प्ररेणा का स्रोत था। इसका स्थान जन गण मन के बराबर है। इसका पहला अंतरा इस प्रकार है:
वंदे मातरम्, वंदे मातरम्!
सुजलाम्, सुफलाम्, मलयज शीतलाम्,
फुल्लकुसुमित द्रुमदल शोभिनीम्,
सुहासिनीम् सुमधुर भाषिणीम्,
सुखदाम् वरदाम्, मातरम्!
वंदे मातरम्, वंदे मातरम्॥
गद्य रूप 1 में श्री अरबिन्द द्वारा किए गए अंग्रेजी अनुवाद का हिन्दी अनुवाद इस प्रकार है:
मैं आपके सामने नतमस्तक होता हूं। ओ माता,
पानी से सींची, फलों से भरी,
दक्षिण की वायु के साथ शान्त,
कटाई की फसलों के साथ गहरा,
उसकी रातें चाँदनी की गरिमा में प्रफुल्लित हो रही है,
उसकी जमीन खिलते फूलों वाले वृक्षों से बहुत सुंदर ढकी हुई है,
हंसी की मिठास, वाणी की मिठास,
माता, वरदान देने वाली, आनंद देने वाली।
The official Sanskrit name for India is Bharat. INDIA has been called Bharat even in Satya yuga ( Golden Age ). Bharat.” Bharat : meaning “Bha” means Light and Knowledge,. “rata” means “Devoted”. Bharat means “Devoted to light & knoweldge”.
The name `India” is derived from the (River Indus) Sindhu River & the land & valleys around which were the home of the Ancient Aryan civilizations. Sindhu means river in Sanskrit
Sanskrit is the language of Ancient Bharata considered as the mother of all higher languages the word Sanskrit means the most purified; Sanskrit is also known as Deva Bhasha “The language of Gods”. .
Sanatan Hindu Dharma has a glorious past of great Saints and Sages. Several Saints ascended to the state of a Guru and showed the path of God realisation to many. They also taught spirituality to society through their conduct and actions. Their mission was not just limited to spirituality but they also did substantial work for the defence of the Nation whenever it was in difficulties. Some of the Saints travelled all over the world and disseminated the spiritual knowledge of Bharat there without any personal expectations. Millions of people abroad are getting the benefit of their efforts. For the past many lakhs of years, the Sages have made tremendous efforts to preserve Vedic Knowledge which is the pride of Bharat. They also created many subjects connected with human life. The most important thing however is that the Saints of Bharat have gifted to the world the tradition of the Guru-disciple relationship.
The time has come when it is essential to study and follow the life of Saints who have imparted the teaching of sacrifice, love, devotion to Righteousness, devotion to the Nation, helping society and kashtradharma (duty of a warrior). hereby publishing the matter related to them so that people will get to know about such great Saints and be inspired by them.
जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी