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  • Srimad Bhagvatham

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  • Maha Shiva RatriFebruary 27th, 2014
    आपके जीवन में शिव ही शिव हो
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    • Navaratri & Navadurga
      What is Navratri ? " Navratri " or "Navaratri " literally means "nine nights." Navratri is celebrated twice a year, once at the beginning of the New Samvatsar (Hindu New year) in Summers and again at the onset of winter. Navratri or Navratra are therefore known as Chaitra Navratra and Shaardeya Navratra on the basis of their occ […]
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    • The Goddess of Kudajaadri : Sri Mookambika
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    • The Story of Mahabharatha
      The Mahabharatha, is the greatest, longest and one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. With more than 74,000 verses, plus long prose passages, or some 1.8 million words in total, it is one of the longest epic poems in the world. This wonderful Grantha (Sacred book) was composed by Bhagvan Sri Veda Vyasa (Krishna Dv […]
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      Mantra Diksha to every one by Vishwa Guru Sant Shri AsaramJi Bapu Like The Sun God, Like The Rainy Clouds , Like The Mother Earth  Blessing for All Mantra Dikshaa by vishwa Guru Param Pujya Sant Shri AsaramJi BapuJi
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      जो भी भक्त इस् दिव्य ग्रन्थं का १०८ बार पाठ करे तो सभी शुभ कामनायें पूर्ण होंगी ॥ One who recites this Holy booklet for 108 times, gets nobel desires fulfilled.”
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      Bhagvan Shri Adi Sankara was one of the greatest saints of his time.He was born in a Brahmin family in Kerala. After brahmopadesa, as is usual during those times, Bramhmachari were asked to beg alms for his lunch. One day when little Adi Shankara went to a Brahmin house, the lady of the house was so poor that she did not have anything to give him. She search […]
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    • Ramayan
      Om Namaha ShivayaEka Sloki RamayanAadau Rama thapo vananu gamanam, Hathwa mrugam kanchanam,Vaidehi haranam, jatayu maranam, Sugreeva sambhashanam,Bali nigrahanam, samudhra tharanam, Lanka pureem dahanam,Paschad Ravana Kumbha karna madanam, Ethat ithi Ramayanam Author -Shri C.RajaGopalachariRamayanaTo the north of the Ganga was the great kingdom Kosala, made […]
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    • Uttar Ramayan
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Shri Ram's Rajya Abhiskek01-02Hanumanji is blessed by Sita Mata with the honor to be Shri Ram's devotee always.Brahma sends Narad to Valmiki.01-03Story of Garuda & KakbhushandiGarud goes to Lord Shiva to know about Shri Ram and then goes to meet Bhushandi - the CrowBhushandi - the Crow narrates Shri Ra […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 7
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 61:Ravan sends his men to Kumbhakaran's palace to wake him up from his deep sleep. They take mountains of food for him and try to awaken him with their shouts, drums and trumpets. At last, Kumbhakaran gets up and has his meal. He is told about the war and the humiliation Ravan is suffering. Ravan goes t […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 6
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 51:Ravan discusses the matter with his courtiers and sends Sukh to seduce Sugriv from his loyalty to Shri Ram. Sukh meets Sugriv and says: "You are a king and Ravan is another. Earn his friendship instead of risking your life for helping a disinherited prince." Sugriv sends him back, saying […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 5
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 41:Lakshman enters Kishikindha in a fury. Angad goes and informs Hanuman who requests Tara to go and allay Lakshman's wrath. Tara is able to take away the edge of Lakshman's anger and Hanuman tells Lakshman that Sugriv has already issued orders for mobilising the warriors. Sugriv apologizes […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 4
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 31: Ravan decides to kidnap Sita Mareech reluctantly becomes golden deer Shri Ram, at Sitas behest, goes after the deer 31.131.231.331.4Episode 32: Mareech mimics Shri Rams voice & calls Lakshman Sita compels Lakshman to go Ravan kidnaps Sita .Shri Ram & Lakshman are upset32.132.232.332.4Epis […]
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    • Uttar Ramayan Last Part
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Valmiki advises her to give up attachment which binds mortals to Earth. King Janak visits Ayodhya.02-11King Janak's conversation with Shri Ram. He shows Ram the letter Sita left him and tells Ram that he is proud to have a daughter like Sita.02-12Janak asks Ram to visit Mithila because Devi Sunayana is unwell.G […]
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      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Aartii ki Hanumana lalaa kiiAartii ki Hanumana lalaa kii, dushta-dalana Ragunatha kalaa kee.Jaakay bala se giriwara kaapay, roga dosha jaakay nikata na jhaakee.Anjani putra mahaa bala daayee, santana kay prabhu sadaa sahaayee.Dai biiraa Ragunaatha pataayee, Lankaa jaari siiya sudhi laaye.Lanka sau kota samudra sii k […]
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      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"BAJRANG BAAN - A PRAYER TO HANUMAN JI Nishchay Prema Prateet-tay, Vinay Karain Sanmaan,Tayhi-Kay Karaja Sakala Shubha, Sidhi Karain Hanuman Jai Hanumanta Santa Hitakaari, Suna Liijay Prabhu Araja hamariJana kay kaaja vilambana keejay, Aatura dawrii maha Sukha deejayJaisay kooda sindhur kay paara, Sursa badana paithi […]
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    • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Ashtak
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"A PRAYER TO HANUMANJI IN EIGHT VERSESBaala samai ravi bhaksha liyo, Taba teenahu loka bhayo andhiyaaroTaahi so traasa bhayo jaga-ko, Yaha sankata kaahu so jaata na taaroDewan-aani kari binatee, Taba chaari diyo ravi kashta niwaaroKo nahi jaanata hai jaga may, kapi sankat mochan naam tihaaroBaali ki traasa kapeesa ba […]
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    • Rishi Prasad "Guru Nishtha" Guru Bhakt Sandeepak ki Katha
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" ऋषि प्रसाद अध्यात्मिक मासिक पत्रिका संत श्री आसरामजी आश्रमभगवान शिवजी ने पार्वती से कहा हैःआकल्पजन्मकोटीनां यज्ञव्रततपः क्रियाः।ताः सर्वाः सफला देवि गुरुसंतोषमात्रतः।।'हे देवी ! कल्पपर्यन्त के, करोड़ों जन्मों के यज्ञ, व्रत, तप और शास्त्रोक्त क्रियाएँ – ये सब गुरुदेव के संतोषमात्र से सफल हो जाते हैं।'शिष्य […]
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      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"MANAS GURU VANDANABaalkaand – Doha 1 CHOPAIBandau guru pad paduma paraaga | Suruchi subas saras anuraaga ||Amiya murimaya churan charu | Saman sakal bhav ruj parivaru ||Sukruti sambhu tan bimal bibhuti | Manjul mangal mod prasuti ||Jana mana manju mukur mal harni | Kiye tilak gun gan bas karni ||Shri guru pad nakh m […]
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    • Shiva Taandav Stotra
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"II RAM IISHIV TAANDAV STOTRAJatata veegalajjal pravaahpaavit sthaleyGaleva lambya lambitaam bhujang tung maalikaam |Damag damag damag damanninaad vahum vavrymChakaar chand taandavam tanotu nah shivam shivam || 1 ||Jataa kataah sambhram bhramanni limpa nirjhariVilole veechi vallari viraaj maan murdhani |Dhagad dhagad […]
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      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"NIRVAAN ASHTAKAMMano buddhya hankaar chittaani naahamNa cha shrotra jihvey na cha ghraan netrey |Na cha vyom bhoomir na tejo na vaayuChidaanand roopah shivoham shivoham || 1 ||Na cha praan sangyo na vai panch vaayurNa vaa sapta dhaatur na vaa panch koshah |Na vaak paani paadau na chopasth paayuChidaanand roopah shiv […]
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      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" II RAM II Shree Ganeshaaya NamahSHIV MAHIMNAH STOTRAMPushpadanta Uvaacha Mahimnah paaram te paramvidusho yadyasadrishiStutirbrahmaadeenaamapi tadavasannaastvayi girah|Athaavaachyah sarvah svamatiparinaamaavadhi grinanMamaapyesha stotre har nirapavaadah parikarah || 1 ||Ateetah panthaanam tav cha mahimaa vaangmanasa […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 3
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"RamayanEpisode 21: In Nanihal, Bharath's premonition saddens him Bharath & Shatrughan return to Ayodhya On hearing about their fathers death, they are deeply shocked Bharath develops deep hatred towards his mother Kaikayee and disowns her21.121.221.321.4Episode 22: Bharath performs King Dasharath's las […]
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    • Pancha Mukha Anjaneya Kavacham
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" [Armour of Hanuman with Five Faces]Translated by P. R. Ramachander Sri Hanuman Ji assumed this form to kill Mahiravana, a powerful rakshasa black-magician and practitioner of the dark arts during the Ramayana war. Mahiravana had taken Lord Rama and Lakshmana captive, and the only way to kill him was to extinguish f […]
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    • The Legend of Prince Ram
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" Jai Siya Ram JaiSiyaRam
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    • Ramayan Series Page 2
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 13: Celebrations mark the proclamation of Shri Ram as heir to the throne Manthra provokes Kaikayee Kaikayee gets into a rage 13.113.213.313.4Episode 14: King Dashrath also gets into an angry state of mind Kaikayee requests for two wishes King Dasharath relents to his promise Bharath is hailed as future king […]
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    • Bharata the Spiritual Guru of the World
      Bharat the Spiritual Guru of the World In this context The following verse (shloka) from the Mahabharat (18.5.46) is important. अष्टादश पुराणानि धर्मशास्त्राणि सर्वशः । वेदाः साङ्गास्तथैकत्र भारतं चैकतः स्थितम् ॥ Meaning : The eighteen Purans, all the scriptures (Smrutis) and the Vedas are on one side and Bharat (ancient India) on the other. (So great is the […]
    • Suprabhatham
      "kausalya supraja rama!purva sandhya pravartate, uthishta! narasardula! kartavyam daivam ahnikam "Sri Rama! Kausalya's endearing son! Wake up, dear! You have to do your day-to-day duties do wake up please. Continue reading →
    • Shri Hari Stotram
      The one who reads with peace, This octet on Hari, Which is the destroyer of sorrow, Would definitely reach the world of Vishnu, Which is always without sorrow, And he would never undergo sorrow ever. Continue reading →
    • All About HINDUISM
      O Thou Invisible One! O Adorable One! O Supreme! Thou permeatest and penetratest this vast universe from the unlimited space down to the tiny blade of grass at my feet. Thou art the basis for all these names and forms. Thou art the apple of my eye, the Prema of my heart, the very Life of my life, the very Soul of my soul, the Illuminator of my intellect and […]
    • The Supreme Sadhana
      Everything is verily a manifestation of God; where then do differences, delusion,misfortune and misery exist? They exist in the „seeing‟ without right knowledge. For as you see,so is the world. Continue reading →
    • Shri Krishna Janma ashtami
      श्रीकृष्ण जन्माष्टमी आपका आत्मिक सुख जगाने का, आध्यात्मिक बल जगाने का पर्व है। जीव को श्रीकृष्ण-तत्त्व में सराबोर करने का त्यौहार है। तुम्हारा सुषुप्त प्रेम जगाने की दिव्य रात्रि है। श्रीकृष्ण का जीवन सर्वांगसंपूर्ण जीवन है। उनकी हर लीला कुछ नयी प्रेरणा देने वाली है। उनकी जीवन-लीलाओं का वास्तविक रहस्य तो श्रीकृष्ण तत्त्व का आत्मरूप से अनुभव किये हुए महापुरूष […]
    • Vedic Astrology: Jyothish Light of Knowledge
      INTRODUCTION Of Indian Jyothish or Hindu Jyothish or Vedic Jyothish. Vedas are the oldest, the most authentic and the most sacred scriptures to understand the mysteries of nature Vedas are oldest books in the library of the world.' The date when did the Sourya Mandal came into existence is written in " BramandPuraan ". Continue reading → […]
    • Bhagvaan ki Kripa
      धनभागी हैं वे, जो संत-दर्शन की महत्ता जानते हैं, उनके दर्शन-सत्संग का लाभ लेते हैं, उनके द्वार पर जा पाते हैं, उनकी सेवा कर पाते हैं और धन्य है यह भारतभूमि, जहाँ ऐसे आत्मारामी संत अवतरित होते रहते हैं। Continue reading → […]
    • Rudraksha : The Divine Gem
      The terms Rudraksha literally means the "Eyes" of Shiva and is so named in His benevolence. Shiva Purana describe Rudraksha's origin as Lord Shiva's tears. He had been meditating for many years for the welfare of all creatures. On opening the eyes, hot drops of tears rolled down and the mother earth gave birth to Rudraksha trees. Continue […]
    • Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital
      Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital for the blessing of all Nine Grahas Continue reading →
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  • Jai Guru Dev

    This Blog is an Humble attempt to spread the Divine Message of Pujjya BapuJi & Dedicated at the Lotus feets SHRI CHARANKAMAL Of PARAM PUJYA GURUJI SANT SHRI ASARAM JI BAPU VishwaGuru Of the Age.

    The essence of Bharata lies in Her culture of Self-realization. ParamAtman is not seen as something apart, but as our very essence, the one True Self that resides in the heart of us all. Raising ourselves from ordinary individuals to the heights of Supreme Consciousness is only possible with the guidance of one who is already in that transcendent state. Such a one is called a Satguru, a True Yogi, as in one who has gained mastery over the mind, one who is beyond the mind.

    From ancient times up to the present day, an unbroken succession of Self-realized Saints have incarnated in the Land of Yogis & Saints Bharata to lead seekers of Truth to the ultimate reality.

    Yada Yada hee Dharmasya glaneer bhavati Bharat
    Abhyusthanam Adharmasya Tadaatmanam Sreejamyaham
    Paritranaaya Sadhunaam Vinaashaya cha Dushkritaam
    Dharma Sansthapna arthaya Sambhavami Yuge Yuge
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Jagat Guru Bhagvan Shri Adi Shankara Acharya

ll OM NAMAHA SHIVAYA ll
Kaladi – The Birth Place of Shri Adi Sankara

 
Sri Adi Shankaracharya an ‘Avatar’ incarnation of Lord Shiva.

Jagat Guru Sri Bhagavatpada Adi Shankaracharya, was not only a great thinker and the noblest of Advaitic philosophers but he was essentially an inspired champion of Hinduism and one of the most rigorous missionary leaders in our country.
One of the greatest philosophers and savants of Bharat. Though he lived for only thirty-two years, his achievement was unparalleled. He propounded the vedantic tenet that Brahman the Supreme and man are of one essence and that all people should strive to cultivate this vision of oneness. He established four spiritual centres in the four corners of the country, thus’ upholding the underlying unity of the holy land of Bharat
Shri Adi Shankara (Malayalam:ആദി ശങ്കരന്‍ , Devanāgarī: आदि शङ्कर, Ādi Śankara, pronounced [aadi shankara]); (788 CE – 820 CE), also known as Śaṅkara Bhagavatpādācārya and Ādi Śaṅkarācārya, was an Indian philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, a sub-school of Vedanta. His teachings are based on the unity of the soul and Brahman, in which Brahman is viewed as without attributes. He hailed from a beautiful village Kalady of present day Kerala.
Shankara travelled across India and other parts of South Asia to propagate his philosophy through discourses and debates with other thinkers. He founded four mathas (“monasteries”), which helped in the historical development, revival and spread of Advaita Vedanta. Adi Shankara is believed to be the organizer of the Dashanami monastic order and the founder of the Shanmata tradition of worship.
His works in Sanskrit, all of which are extant today, concern themselves with establishing the doctrine of Advaita (Nondualism). He also established the importance of monastic life as sanctioned in the Upanishads and Brahma Sutra, in a time when the Mimamsa school established strict ritualism and ridiculed monasticism. Shankara relied entirely on the Upanishads for reference concerning Brahman and wrote copious commentaries on the Vedic Canon (Brahma Sutra, Principal Upanishads and Bhagavadgita) in support of his thesis. The main opponent in his work is the Mimamsa school of thought, though he also offers some arguments against the views of some other schools like Samkhya and certain schools of Buddhism that he was familiar with.
Birth and childhood
Adi Shankara was born to Kaippilly Sivaguru Namboodiri and Aryamba Antharjanam in the region of , Kalady in central Kerala. According to lore, it was after his parents, who had been childless for many years, prayed at the Vadakkunnathan Shiva temple,Thrissur that followed by vision of Lord Shiva to the blessed Siva guru & Aryaamba to become the parents of his incarnation . Sankara was born on Vaishakh Shukla Panchami under the star Thiruvathira ,the same star of Lord Shiva.
His father died while Shankara was very young. Shankara was a divine child,an incrnation of Knowledge Shiva himself . Baby Shankara mastered the Malayalam Language at the little age of 3 years.
Shankara’s upanayanaṃ, the initiation into student-life, was performed at the age of five. As a child, Shankara showed remarkable scholarship, mastering the four Vedas by the age of eight.[6]
[edit]Sannyasa
From a young age, Shankara was inclined towardssannyasa, but it was only after much persuasion that his mother finally gave her consent.[7] Shankara then left Kerala and travelled towards North India in search of a guru.
On the banks of the Narmada River, he metGovinda Bhagavatpada, the disciple of Gaudapada. When Govinda Bhagavatpada asked Shankara’s identity, he replied with an extempore verse that brought out the Advaita Vedantaphilosophy. Govinda Bhagavatapada was impressed and took Shankara as his disciple.[8]
The guru instructed Shankara to write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras and propagate the Advaita philosophy.
Acharya’s boundless mercy
Though gifted with miraculous yogic powers, the Acharyas of old, never found leisure in their life time to write their autobiography. Self effacement was the very spirit that governed their life and activities. And yet Sri Adi Shankara was not averse to using his yogic powers for temporal uplift of the unfortunate, as for instance, in his permanently enriching a poor woman by instant composition of the Kanakadhara Stotram, a hymn in praise of Goddess Mahalakshmi, which made Goddess shower her bounty in the form of golden amalakas into the house. Such instances of Shankara’s innate, boundless mercy abound in his short but effective life spans. The mysterious phenomenon of lotuses blossoming forth underneath Sri Sanandana’s feet, as he strode across the swollen Ganga on hearing his Master’s call out, even on others in the group scrambled towards the boatman, is well known. The leadership here, really would be demonstrative, yet remarkably silent and effective use of his yogic powers to emphasize the qualities of Sri Sanandana, who certainly deserved his Guru’s grace
Shankara travelled to Kashi, where a young man named Sanandana, hailing from Chola territory in South India, became his first disciple. According to legend, while on his way to the Vishwanath Temple, Sankara came upon an untouchable accompanied by four dogs. When asked to move aside by Shankara’s disciples, the untouchable replied: “Do you wish that I move my ever lasting Ātman(“the Self”), or this body made of flesh?” Realizing that the untouchable was none other than god Shiva himself, and his dogs the four Vedas, Shankara prostrated himself before him, composing five shlokas known as Manisha Panchakam.[9][10]
At Badari he wrote his famous Bhashyas (“commentaries”) and Prakarana granthas(“philosophical treatises”). [11][12]
[edit]Meeting with Mandana Mishra
One of the most famous debates of Adi Shankara was with the ritualist Maṇḍana Miśra. Maṇḍana Miśra’s guru was the famous Mimamsa philosopher, Kumarīla Bhaṭṭa. Shankara sought a debate with Kumarīla Bhaṭṭa and met him in Prayag where he had buried himself in a slow burning pyre to repent for sins committed against his guru: Kumarīla Bhaṭṭa had learned Buddhist philosophy from his Buddhist guru under false pretenses, in order to be able to refute it. Learning anything without the knowledge of one’s guru while still under his authority constitutes a sin according to the Vedas.[13] Kumarīla Bhaṭṭa thus asked Adi Shankara to proceed to Mahiṣmati(known today as Mahishi Bangaon, Saharsa in Bihar)[14] to meet Maṇḍana Miśra and debate with him instead.
After debating for over fifteen days, with Maṇḍana Miśra’s wife Ubhaya Bhāratīacting as referee, Maṇḍana Miśra accepted defeat.[15] Ubhaya Bhāratī then challenged Adi Shankara to have a debate with her in order to ‘complete’ the victory. Later,Ubhaya Bhāratī conceded defeat in the debate and allowed Maṇḍana Miśra to acceptsannyasa with the monastic name Sureśvarācārya, as per the agreed rules of the debate.[16]
Shankara DigaVijayam
Sharada temple at Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri
Adi Shankara then travelled with his disciples toMaharashtra and Srisailam. In Srisailam, he composed Shivanandalahari, a devotional hymn in praise of Shiva. The Madhaviya Shankaravijayamsays that when Shankara was about to be sacrificed by a Kapalika, the god Narasimha appeared to save Shankara in response to Padmapada’s prayer to him. As a result, Adi Shankara composed the Laksmi-Narasimha stotra.[17]
He then travelled to Gokarṇa, the temple of Hari-Shankara and the Mūkambika temple at Kollur. At Kollur, he accepted as his disciple a boy believed to be dumb by his parents. He gave him the name, Hastāmalakācārya (“one with the amalaka fruit on his palm”, i.e., one who has clearly realised the Self). Next, he visited Śṛngeri to establish the Śārada Pīṭham and made Toṭakācārya his disciple.[18]
After this, Adi Shankara began a Dig-vijaya (tour of conquest) for the propagation of the Advaita philosophy by controverting all philosophies opposed to it. He travelled throughout India, from South India to Kashmir and Nepal, preaching to the local populace and debating philosophy with Hindu, Buddhist and other scholars and monks along the way.
With the Malayali King Sudhanva as companion, Shankara passed through Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Vidarbha. He then started towards Karnataka where he encountered a band of armed Kapalikas. King Sudhanva, with his army, resisted and defeated the Kapalikas. They safely reached Gokarna where Shankara defeated in debate the Shaiva scholar, Neelakanta.
Proceeding to Saurashtra (the ancient Kambhoja)[19] and having visited the shrines of Girnar, Somnath and Prabhasa and explaining the superiority of Vedanta in all these places, he arrived at Dwarka. Bhaṭṭa Bhāskara of Ujjayini, the proponent of Bhedābeda philosophy, was humbled. All the scholars of Ujjayini (also known as Avanti) accepted Adi Shankara’s philosophy.
He then defeated the Jainas in philosophical debates at a place called Bahlika. Thereafter, the Acharya established his victory over several philosophers and ascetics inKamboja (region of North Kashmir)India, Darada and many regions situated in the desert and crossing mighty peaks, entered KashmirIndia. Later, he had an encounter with a tantrik, Navagupta at Kamarupa.[20]

]Accession to Sarvajnapitha
Adi Shankara visited Sarvajñapīṭha (Sharada Peeth) in KashmirIndia .TheMadhaviya Shankaravijayam states this temple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions. The southern door (representing South India) had never been opened, indicating that no scholar from South India had entered the Sarvajna Pitha. Adi Shankara opened the southern door by defeating in debate all the scholars there in all the various scholastic disciplines such as Mimamsa, Vedanta and other branches ofHindu philosophy; he ascended the throne of Transcendent wisdom of that temple.[22]
Towards the end of his life, Adi Shankara travelled to the Himalayan area of Kedarnath-Badrinath and attained videha mukti (“freedom from embodiment”). There is a samadhi mandir dedicated to Bhagvan Jagat Guru ShriAdi Shankara behind the Kedarnath temple. However, there are variant traditions on the location of his last days. One tradition, expounded by Keraliya Shankaravijaya, places his place of Samadhi as Vadakkunnathan temple in Thrissur, Kerala.[23]
Adi Shankara founded four Maṭhas(Sanskrit: मठ) to guide the Hindu religion. These are at Sringeri in Karnataka in the south, Dwaraka in Gujarat in the west, Puriin Orissa in the east, and Jyotirmath(Joshimath) in Uttarakhand in the north. Hindu tradition states that he put in charge of these mathas his four main disciples:Sureshwaracharya, Hastamalakacharya,Padmapadacharya, and Totakacharyarespectively. The heads of the mathas trace their authority back to these figures. Each of the heads of these four mathas takes the title of Shankaracharya (“the learned Shankara”) after the first Shankaracharya. The table below gives an overview of the four Amnaya Mathas founded by Adi Shankara and their details.[29]
Shishya
Maṭha
Mahavakya
Veda
Sampradaya
Hastāmalakācārya
Govardhana Pīṭhaṃ
Prajñānam brahma (Brahman is Knowledge)
Rig Veda
Bhogavala
Sureśvarācārya
Śārada Pīṭhaṃ
Aham brahmāsmi (I am Brahman)
Yajur Veda
Bhūrivala
Padmapādācārya
Dvāraka Pīṭhaṃ
Tattvamasi (That thou art)
Sama Veda
Kitavala
Toṭakācārya
Jyotirmaṭha Pīṭhaṃ
Ayamātmā brahma (This Atman is Brahman)
Atharva Veda
Nandavala
Advaita (“non-dualism”) is often called a monisticsystem of thought. The word “Advaita” essentially refers to the identity of the Self (Atman) and the Whole (Brahman[30]). Advaita Vedanta says the one unchanging entity(Brahman) alone is existing- Changing entities do not have absolute existence like the waves have no existence other than the ocean.The key source texts for all schools of Vedānta are thePrasthanatrayi– the canonical texts consisting of theUpanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras.

Adi Shankara was the first in its tradition to consolidate the siddhānta (“doctrine”) of Advaita Vedanta. He wrote commentaries on the Prasthana Trayi. A famous quote from Vivekacūḍāmaṇi, one of his prakarana granthas that succinctly summarises his philosophy is:

Brahma satyaṃ jagat mithyā, jīvo brahmaiva nāparah
Brahman is the only truth, the spatio-temporal world is an illusion, and there is ultimately no difference between Brahman and individual self.

Advaita Vedanta is based on śāstra (“scriptures”), yukti (“reason”) and anubhava(“experience”), and aided by karmas (“spiritual practices”).[31] This philosophy provides a clear-cut way of life to be followed. Starting from childhood, when learning has to start, the philosophy has to be realised in practice throughout one’s life even up to death. This is the reason why this philosophy is called an experiential philosophy, the underlying tenet being “That thou art”, meaning that ultimately there is no difference between the experiencer and the experienced (the world) as well as the universal spirit (Brahman). Among the followers of Advaita, as well those of other doctrines, there are believed to have appeared Jivanmuktas, ones liberated while alive. These individuals (commonly called Mahatmas, great souls, among Hindus) are those who realised the oneness of their self and the universal spirit called Brahman.
Adi Shankara’s Bhashyas (commentaries) on the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and theBrahma Sutras are his principal works. Although he mostly adhered to traditional means of commenting on the Brahma Sutra, there are a number of original ideas and arguments to establish that the essence of Upanishads is Advaita. He taught that it was only[citation needed] through direct knowledge that one could realize the Brahman.
Adi Shankara’s opponents accused him of teaching Buddhism in the garb of Hinduism, because his non-dualistic ideals seemed rather radical to contemporary Hindu philosophy. However, although Advaita proposes the theory of Maya, explaining the universe as a “trick of a magician”, Adi Shankara and his followers see this as a consequence of their basic premise that Brahman alone is real. Their idea of Maya emerges from their belief in the reality of Brahman, as opposed to Buddhist doctrines ofemptiness, which emerge from the empirical Buddhist approach of observing the nature of reality.
At the time of Adi Shankara’s life, Hinduism was increasing in influence in India at the expense of Buddhism and Jainism. Hinduism was divided into innumerable sects, each quarreling with the others. The followers of Mimamsa and Sankhya philosophy were atheists, insomuch that they did not believe in God as a unified being. Besides these atheists, there were numerous theistic sects. There were also those who rejected the Vedas, like the Charvakas.
Adi Shankara held discourses and debates with the leading scholars of all these sects and schools of philosophy to controvert their doctrines. He unified the theistic sects into a common framework of Shanmata system. In his works, Adi Shankara stressed the importance of the Vedas, and his efforts helped Hinduism regain strength and popularity. Many trace the present worldwide domination of Vedanta to his works. He travelled on foot to various parts of India to restore the study of the Vedas.
Even though he lived for only thirty-two years, his impact on Bharata or Ancient India and on Hinduism was striking. He reintroduced a purer form of Vedic thought. His teachings and tradition form the basis of Smartism and have influenced Sant Mat lineages.[32] He is the main figure in the tradition of Advaita Vedanta. He was the founder of the Daśanāmi Sampradāya of Hindu monasticism and Ṣaṇmata of Smarta tradition. He introduced the Pañcāyatana form of worship.

Adi Shankara, a Hindu philosopher of the Advaita Vedanta school, wrote many works[1] in his life-time of thirty two years; however, many works thought to be of his authorship are debated and questioned as to their authorship today. His works deal with logically establishing the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta as he saw it in the Upanishads. He formulates the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta by validating his arguments on the basis of quotations from the Vedas and other Hindu scriptures. He gives a high priority to svānubhava (personal experience) of the student. Also, a large portion of his works is polemical in nature. He directs his polemics mostly against the Sankhya, Bauddha, Jaina, Vaisheshika and other non-vedantic Hindu philosophies.
Traditionally, his works are classified under Bhāṣya (commentary), Prakaraṇa grantha (philosophical treatise) and Stotra (devotional hymn). The commentaries serve to provide a consistent interpretation of the scriptural texts from the perspective of Advaita Vedanta. The philosophical treatises provide various methodologies to the student to understand the doctrine. The devotional hymns are rich in poetry and piety, serving to highlight the helplessness of the devotee and the glory of the deity. A partial list of his works is given below.
Contents
1 Bhāṣya
2 Prakaraṇa grantha
3 Stotra
4 Editions
4.1 Collections of Works
4.2 Brahmasutra Bhashya
4.3 Bhagavadgita Bhashya
4.4 Upadeshasahasri
4.5 Vivekachudamani
4.6 Panchikarana

]Bhāṣya
Adi Shankara wrote Bhāṣya (commentaries) on
Brahmasūtra
Aitareya Upaniṣad (Rigveda)
Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad (Śukla Yajurveda)
Īśa Upaniṣad (Śukla Yajurveda)
Taittirīya Upaniṣad (Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda)
Kaṭha Upaniṣad (Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda)
Chāndogya Upaniṣad (samaveda)
Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad (Atharvaveda) and Gauḍapāda Kārika
Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad (Atharvaveda)
Praśna Upaniṣad (Atharvaveda)
Bhagavadgīta (Mahabhārata)
Vishnu Sahasranama (Mahabhārata)
Gāyatri Maṃtra
[edit]Prakaraṇa grantha
Adi Shankara wrote the following treatises
Vivekacūḍāmaṇi (Crest-Jewel of Wisdom)
Upadeśasāhasri (A thousand teachings)
Śataśloki
Daśaśloki
Ekaśloki
Pañcīkaraṇa
Ātma bodha
Aparokṣānubhūti
Sādhana Pañcakaṃ
Nirvāṇa Śatakaṃ
Manīśa Pañcakaṃ
Yati Pañcakaṃ
Vākyasudha
Tattva bodha
Vākya vṛtti
Siddhānta Tattva Vindu
Nirguṇa Mānasa Pūja
[edit]Stotra
Adi Shankara composed many hymns on Shiva, Vishnu, Devi, Ganesha and Subrahmanya[2]
Bhaja Govindaṃ,
Adi Sankara’s Stotras
Ananda Lahari
Anathma Vigarhana Prakaranam
Aparoksanubhuti
Aparoksanubhuti [2]
Atma Bodha
Atma Panchakam
Bhagawan Manasa Pooja
Bhaja Govindam
Bhavani Ashtakam
Bhavani Bhujangam
Brahma Jnanavali Mala
Dakshinamuthy Ashtakam
Dhanyashtakam
Ganesha Pancha Ratnam
Gangashtakam [Sankara]
Gauri Dasakam
Govindashtakam
Guru Ashtakam
Guru Paduka Panchakam
Hanumath Pancha Ratnam
Jyotir Linga Stotram
Kala Bhairava Ashtakam
Kalpa Shaki Stavam
Kanaka Dhara Stotra
Kasi Panchakam
Kaupeena Panchakam
Krishnashtakam
Lakshmi Nrsimha Karavalamba Stotra
Lalita Pancha Ratnam
Manisha Panchakam
Mantra Matruka Pushpa Mala Stavam
Maya Panchakam
Nirguna Manasa Puja
Nirvana Dasakam
Nirvana Manjari
Nirvana Shatkam
Nirvanashatkam
Panchikaranam
Pandurangashtakam
Prashnottara Ratna Malika
Prata Smarana Stotram
Rama Bhujangam
Ranganathashtakam
Sadhana Panchakam
Sata Sloki
Shakti Peetha Stotram
Shanmuga Stotram
Sharada Bhujanga Prayathashtaka
Shat Padi
Shiva Ashtakam
Shiva Bhujanga
Shiva Manasa Pooja
Shivananda Lahari
Siddhanta Tattva Vindu
Siva Manasa Puja
Soundarya Lahari
Subrahmanya Bhujangam
Svarupanusandhanashtakam
Tattva Bodha
Tripurasundari Ashtakam
Uma Maheswara Stotra
Upadesa Sahasri
Vakya Sudha
Vakya Vritti
Vijnana Nauka
Vishnu Bhujanga Stotram
Viswanathashtakam
Vivekachudamani
Vedasaara Shiva Stuti
& Many More…
They have been the most important figures in the recent history of Hindu philosophy. In their writings and debates, they provided polemics against the non-Vedantic schools of Sankhya, Vaisheshika etc. Thus they paved the way for Vedanta to be the dominant and most widely followed tradition among the schools of Hindu philosophy. The Vedanta school stresses most on the Upanishads (which are themselves called Vedanta, End or culmination of the Vedas), unlike the other schools that gave importance to the ritualistic Brahmanas, or to texts authored by their founders. The Vedanta schools hold that the Vedas, which include the Upanishads, are unauthored, forming a continuous tradition of wisdom transmitted orally. Thus the concept of apaurusheyatva (“being unauthored”) came to be the guiding force behind the Vedanta schools. However, along with stressing the importance of Vedic tradition, Adi Shankara gave equal importance to the personal experience of the student. Logic, grammar, Mimamsa and allied subjects form main areas of study in all the Vedanta schools. Regarding meditation, Shankara refuted the system of Yoga and its disciplines as a direct means to attain moksha, rebutting the argument that it can be obtained through concentration of the mind. His position is that the mental states discovered through the practices of Yoga can be indirect aids to the gain of knowledge, but cannot themselves give rise to it. According to his philosophy, knowledge of brahman springs from inquiry into the words of the Upanishads, and the knowledge of brahman that shruti provides cannot be obtained in any other way.[33]
It has to be noted that it is generally considered that for Shankara the Absolute Reality is attributeless and impersonal since Shankara himself is attributed to composing the popular 8th century Hindu devotional composition Bhaja Govindam (literal meaning, “Worship Govinda”). This work of Adi Shankara is considered as a good summary of Advaita Vedanta and underscores the view that devotion to God, Govinda, is not only an important part of general spirituality, but the concluding verse drives through the message of Shankara: “Worship Govinda, worship Govinda, worship Govinda, Oh fool! Other than chanting the Lord’s names, there is no other way to cross the life’s ocean”. Bhaja Govindam invokes the almighty in the aspect of Vishnu; it is therefore very popular not only with Sri Adi Shankaracharya’s immediate followers, the Smarthas, but also with Vaishnavas and others.

A well known verse, recited in the Smarta tradition, in praise of Adi Shankara is:
श्रुति स्मृति पुराणानामालयं करुणालयं|
नमामि भगवत्पादशंकरं लॊकशंकरं ||
Śruti smṛti purāṇānāṃālayaṃ karuṇālayaṃ|
Namāmi Bhagavatpādaśaṅkaraṃ lokaśaṅkaraṃ||
I salute the compassionate abode of the Vedas, Smritis and Puranas known as Shankara Bhagavatpada, who makes the world auspicious.

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