• December 2016
    M T W T F S S
    « Sep    
     1234
    567891011
    12131415161718
    19202122232425
    262728293031  
  • Omshivam

  • Gita press

    The institution's main objective is to promote and spread the principles of Sanatana Dharma, the Hindu religion among the general public by publishing Gita, Ramayana, Upanishads, Puranas, Discourses of eminent Saints and other character-building books & magazines and marketing them at highly subsidised prices.   The institution strives for the betterment of life and the well-being of all. It aims to promote the art of living as propounded in the Gita for peace & happiness and the ultimate upliftment of mankind. The founder, Brahmalina Shri Jayadayalji Goyandka, was a staunch devotee and an exalted soul. He was much given to the Gita as the panacea for mankind's plight and began publishing it and other Hindu scriptures to spread good intent and good thought amongst all.
  • Sarvesam Swastirr bhavatu
    Sarvesam Santirr bhavatu
    Sarvesam Poornam bhavatu
    Sarvesam Mangalambhavatu
    Sarve atra sukhe naha santu
    Sarve santu niraa maya ahaa
    Sarve bhadra ni pash yan tu
    Ma kaschit dukha mapnuyat
    Asato maa sad -ga-maya a
    Tamaso maa jyotirr ga maya
    Mrityor ma amritam ga maya
    Om Shanti Shanti Shanti

  • Categories

  • Blog Stats

    • 2,476,153 views
  • Mann ki Baat

  • Guru Brahma Guru Vishnu
    Guru Devo Maheshwara
    Guru Sakshat ParamBrahma
    Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah

    Dhyanamoolam Guru Murti
    Pujamoolam Guru Padam
    Mantra Moolam Guru Vakyam
    Moksha Moolam Guru Kripa

    Akhanda Mandalakaram
    Vyaptam Yena Characharam
    Tat Padam Darshitam Yena
    Tasmai Shri Gurave Namaha

    Shri Guru Gita

  • श्रीमद भगवद गीता

    Sreemad Bhagvad Gita with Mahathmya Shloka Anuvaad from Ashram

  • Hon Donald J Trump The President of United States of America

  • Ashram fb page

    A simple & kind request
    please like the official ashram fb page & support Sanatana Hindu Dharma

  • Ashram offical facebook page

  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 227 other followers

  • Srimad Bhagvatham

    Srimad Bhagvatham

  • Maha Shiva RatriFebruary 27th, 2014
    आपके जीवन में शिव ही शिव हो
  • omshivoham

  • fb

    Requests, Thoughts
    & Suggestions
    express ur feelings
    send messages to the facebook account
    will try to do as possible
    thanku hariom

  • Swamy the True Indian

    Sri Subramanian swamy

  • Sunder Kand with Hanuman Chalisa

  • RSS

    The Brave heart Army

  • Spiritual Hindu Calender

    Ashram Calender

  • Categories

  • Member of The Internet Defense League

  • e Books

    free ebooks from Ashram

  • RSS Shri Devi Mahathmyam

    • Navaratri & Navadurga
      What is Navratri ? " Navratri " or "Navaratri " literally means "nine nights." Navratri is celebrated twice a year, once at the beginning of the New Samvatsar (Hindu New year) in Summers and again at the onset of winter. Navratri or Navratra are therefore known as Chaitra Navratra and Shaardeya Navratra on the basis of their occ […]
      omshivashakti
    • The Goddess of Kudajaadri : Sri Mookambika
      The Legend JagatGuru Sri Adi shankara Acharaya & the Devi Sri Mookambika
      omshivashakti
    • The Story of Mahabharatha
      The Mahabharatha, is the greatest, longest and one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. With more than 74,000 verses, plus long prose passages, or some 1.8 million words in total, it is one of the longest epic poems in the world. This wonderful Grantha (Sacred book) was composed by Bhagvan Sri Veda Vyasa (Krishna Dv […]
      omshivashakti
    • “Ashirvaad” Blessing
      Mantra Diksha Blessing Like The Sun God, Like The Rainy Clouds , Like The Mother Earth  Blessing for All Mantra Dikshaa by vishwa Guru Param Pujya Sant Shri AsaramJi BapuJi
      omshivashakti
    • WONDER Cure
      Solution to all problems from Param pujya Sant Shri Asaramji Bapu Wonder Cure to many diseases and health tips
      omshivashakti
    • E books from Ashram
      पूज्य बापू के आशीर्वचन इस छोटी सी पुस्तिका में वे रत्न भरे हुए हैं जो जीवन को चिन्मय बना दें। तुम अपने सारे विश्व में व्याप्त अनुभव करो। इन विचार रत्नों को बार-बार विचारो। एकांत में शांत वातावरण में इन वचनों को दोहराओ। और....अपना खोया हुआ खजाना अवश्य अवश्य प्राप्त कर सकोगे इसमें तनिक भी संदेह नहीं है। करो हिम्मत......! मारो छलांग.....! कब तक गिड़गिड़ाते रहोग […]
      omshivashakti
    • Shri Adi Shankaracharya’s Kanaka Dhara Stotram
      Bhagvan Shri Adi Sankara was one of the greatest saints of his time.He was born in a Brahmin family in Kerala. After brahmopadesa, as is usual during those times, Bramhmachari were asked to beg alms for his lunch. One day when little Adi Shankara went to a Brahmin house, the lady of the house was so poor that she did not have anything to give him. She search […]
      omshivashakti
    • Sreemadh Devi Bhagvatham
      The Srimad Devi Bhagavatam, also known as Devi Purana, was composed into 12 chapters, containing 18000 verses by the great Veda Vyasa. Though classified as an upa-purana it is the only purana Vedavyasa called "Maha Purana" meaning the great purana.
      omshivashakti
    • Shri Devi Mahathmyam
      Sri Devi Mahathmyam is one of the most enduring and popular Hindu scriptures of all times, filled with the stories and the exploits of the Mother Goddess, as she assumes various forms and avatars, from time to time to vanquish evil and restore righteousness and goodness in the world. The seven hundred verses of Devi Mahathmyam form one of the cornerstones of […]
      omshivashakti
    • Shri Narendra Modi Ji
      A True Yogi Of Sreemadh Bhagvad Gita
      omshivashakti
  • Ashram Ayurveda

    Download Books on Ayurveda Arogyanidhi 1 & 2 from Ashram

  • Swastya Sanjeevni

  • Shri Vishnu Sahastranama

  • Shubh Naam

    Hindu Baby Names

  • Bhajan & Sankirtan

    Download Bhajans & Sankirtan mp3

  • Latest Posting

    (1 )

    (2)

    (3)

  • Holy Spiritual Divine

    Spiritual & Divine Experiences of Disicples

  • Vasthu Shastra from Ashram.org

  • RSS Jai Siya Ram

    • Ramayan
      Om Namaha ShivayaEka Sloki RamayanAadau Rama thapo vananu gamanam, Hathwa mrugam kanchanam,Vaidehi haranam, jatayu maranam, Sugreeva sambhashanam,Bali nigrahanam, samudhra tharanam, Lanka pureem dahanam,Paschad Ravana Kumbha karna madanam, Ethat ithi Ramayanam Author -Shri C.RajaGopalachariRamayanaTo the north of the Ganga was the great kingdom Kosala, made […]
      omshriram
    • Uttar Ramayan
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Shri Ram's Rajya Abhiskek01-02Hanumanji is blessed by Sita Mata with the honor to be Shri Ram's devotee always.Brahma sends Narad to Valmiki.01-03Story of Garuda & KakbhushandiGarud goes to Lord Shiva to know about Shri Ram and then goes to meet Bhushandi - the CrowBhushandi - the Crow narrates Shri Ra […]
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 7
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 61:Ravan sends his men to Kumbhakaran's palace to wake him up from his deep sleep. They take mountains of food for him and try to awaken him with their shouts, drums and trumpets. At last, Kumbhakaran gets up and has his meal. He is told about the war and the humiliation Ravan is suffering. Ravan goes t […]
      omshriram
    • VED STUTI
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"VED STUTIUttarkaand – Doha 13 CHHANDJai sagun nirgun roop roop anoop bhoop siromaney | Daskandharaadi prachand nisichar prabal khal bhuj bala haney || Avataar nar sansaar bhaar bibhanji daarun dukh dahey | Jai pranatpaal dayaal prabhu sanjukt sakti namaamahey || Tav bisham maayaa bas suraasur naag nar aga jaga harey […]
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 6
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 51:Ravan discusses the matter with his courtiers and sends Sukh to seduce Sugriv from his loyalty to Shri Ram. Sukh meets Sugriv and says: "You are a king and Ravan is another. Earn his friendship instead of risking your life for helping a disinherited prince." Sugriv sends him back, saying […]
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 5
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 41:Lakshman enters Kishikindha in a fury. Angad goes and informs Hanuman who requests Tara to go and allay Lakshman's wrath. Tara is able to take away the edge of Lakshman's anger and Hanuman tells Lakshman that Sugriv has already issued orders for mobilising the warriors. Sugriv apologizes […]
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 4
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 31: Ravan decides to kidnap Sita Mareech reluctantly becomes golden deer Shri Ram, at Sitas behest, goes after the deer 31.131.231.331.4Episode 32: Mareech mimics Shri Rams voice & calls Lakshman Sita compels Lakshman to go Ravan kidnaps Sita .Shri Ram & Lakshman are upset32.132.232.332.4Epis […]
      omshriram
    • Uttar Ramayan Last Part
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Valmiki advises her to give up attachment which binds mortals to Earth. King Janak visits Ayodhya.02-11King Janak's conversation with Shri Ram. He shows Ram the letter Sita left him and tells Ram that he is proud to have a daughter like Sita.02-12Janak asks Ram to visit Mithila because Devi Sunayana is unwell.G […]
      omshriram
    • Sri Hanuman Aarti
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Aartii ki Hanumana lalaa kiiAartii ki Hanumana lalaa kii, dushta-dalana Ragunatha kalaa kee.Jaakay bala se giriwara kaapay, roga dosha jaakay nikata na jhaakee.Anjani putra mahaa bala daayee, santana kay prabhu sadaa sahaayee.Dai biiraa Ragunaatha pataayee, Lankaa jaari siiya sudhi laaye.Lanka sau kota samudra sii k […]
      omshriram
    • Bajraang Baan
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"BAJRANG BAAN - A PRAYER TO HANUMAN JI Nishchay Prema Prateet-tay, Vinay Karain Sanmaan,Tayhi-Kay Karaja Sakala Shubha, Sidhi Karain Hanuman Jai Hanumanta Santa Hitakaari, Suna Liijay Prabhu Araja hamariJana kay kaaja vilambana keejay, Aatura dawrii maha Sukha deejayJaisay kooda sindhur kay paara, Sursa badana paithi […]
      omshriram
    • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Ashtak
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"A PRAYER TO HANUMANJI IN EIGHT VERSESBaala samai ravi bhaksha liyo, Taba teenahu loka bhayo andhiyaaroTaahi so traasa bhayo jaga-ko, Yaha sankata kaahu so jaata na taaroDewan-aani kari binatee, Taba chaari diyo ravi kashta niwaaroKo nahi jaanata hai jaga may, kapi sankat mochan naam tihaaroBaali ki traasa kapeesa ba […]
      omshriram
    • Rishi Prasad "Guru Nishtha" Guru Bhakt Sandeepak ki Katha
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" ऋषि प्रसाद अध्यात्मिक मासिक पत्रिका संत श्री आसरामजी आश्रमभगवान शिवजी ने पार्वती से कहा हैःआकल्पजन्मकोटीनां यज्ञव्रततपः क्रियाः।ताः सर्वाः सफला देवि गुरुसंतोषमात्रतः।।'हे देवी ! कल्पपर्यन्त के, करोड़ों जन्मों के यज्ञ, व्रत, तप और शास्त्रोक्त क्रियाएँ – ये सब गुरुदेव के संतोषमात्र से सफल हो जाते हैं।'शिष्य […]
      omshriram
    • Manas Guru Vandana
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"MANAS GURU VANDANABaalkaand – Doha 1 CHOPAIBandau guru pad paduma paraaga | Suruchi subas saras anuraaga ||Amiya murimaya churan charu | Saman sakal bhav ruj parivaru ||Sukruti sambhu tan bimal bibhuti | Manjul mangal mod prasuti ||Jana mana manju mukur mal harni | Kiye tilak gun gan bas karni ||Shri guru pad nakh m […]
      omshriram
    • Shiva Taandav Stotra
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"II RAM IISHIV TAANDAV STOTRAJatata veegalajjal pravaahpaavit sthaleyGaleva lambya lambitaam bhujang tung maalikaam |Damag damag damag damanninaad vahum vavrymChakaar chand taandavam tanotu nah shivam shivam || 1 ||Jataa kataah sambhram bhramanni limpa nirjhariVilole veechi vallari viraaj maan murdhani |Dhagad dhagad […]
      omshriram
    • Nirvaana Ashtakam
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"NIRVAAN ASHTAKAMMano buddhya hankaar chittaani naahamNa cha shrotra jihvey na cha ghraan netrey |Na cha vyom bhoomir na tejo na vaayuChidaanand roopah shivoham shivoham || 1 ||Na cha praan sangyo na vai panch vaayurNa vaa sapta dhaatur na vaa panch koshah |Na vaak paani paadau na chopasth paayuChidaanand roopah shiv […]
      omshriram
    • Shiv Mahimna Stotra
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" II RAM II Shree Ganeshaaya NamahSHIV MAHIMNAH STOTRAMPushpadanta Uvaacha Mahimnah paaram te paramvidusho yadyasadrishiStutirbrahmaadeenaamapi tadavasannaastvayi girah|Athaavaachyah sarvah svamatiparinaamaavadhi grinanMamaapyesha stotre har nirapavaadah parikarah || 1 ||Ateetah panthaanam tav cha mahimaa vaangmanasa […]
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 3
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"RamayanEpisode 21: In Nanihal, Bharath's premonition saddens him Bharath & Shatrughan return to Ayodhya On hearing about their fathers death, they are deeply shocked Bharath develops deep hatred towards his mother Kaikayee and disowns her21.121.221.321.4Episode 22: Bharath performs King Dasharath's las […]
      omshriram
    • Pancha Mukha Anjaneya Kavacham
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" [Armour of Hanuman with Five Faces]Translated by P. R. Ramachander Sri Hanuman Ji assumed this form to kill Mahiravana, a powerful rakshasa black-magician and practitioner of the dark arts during the Ramayana war. Mahiravana had taken Lord Rama and Lakshmana captive, and the only way to kill him was to extinguish f […]
      omshriram
    • The Legend of Prince Ram
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" Jai Siya Ram JaiSiyaRam
      omshriram
    • Ramayan Series Page 2
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 13: Celebrations mark the proclamation of Shri Ram as heir to the throne Manthra provokes Kaikayee Kaikayee gets into a rage 13.113.213.313.4Episode 14: King Dashrath also gets into an angry state of mind Kaikayee requests for two wishes King Dasharath relents to his promise Bharath is hailed as future king […]
      omshriram
  • RSS Krishnam Vande Jagat Guru

    • Bharata the Spiritual Guru of the World
      Bharat the Spiritual Guru of the World In this context The following verse (shloka) from the Mahabharat (18.5.46) is important. अष्टादश पुराणानि धर्मशास्त्राणि सर्वशः । वेदाः साङ्गास्तथैकत्र भारतं चैकतः स्थितम् ॥ Meaning : The eighteen Purans, all the scriptures (Smrutis) and the Vedas are on one side and Bharat (ancient India) on the other. (So great is the […]
    • Suprabhatham
      "kausalya supraja rama!purva sandhya pravartate, uthishta! narasardula! kartavyam daivam ahnikam "Sri Rama! Kausalya's endearing son! Wake up, dear! You have to do your day-to-day duties do wake up please. Continue reading →
    • Shri Hari Stotram
      The one who reads with peace, This octet on Hari, Which is the destroyer of sorrow, Would definitely reach the world of Vishnu, Which is always without sorrow, And he would never undergo sorrow ever. Continue reading →
    • All About HINDUISM
      O Thou Invisible One! O Adorable One! O Supreme! Thou permeatest and penetratest this vast universe from the unlimited space down to the tiny blade of grass at my feet. Thou art the basis for all these names and forms. Thou art the apple of my eye, the Prema of my heart, the very Life of my life, the very Soul of my soul, the Illuminator of my intellect and […]
    • The Supreme Sadhana
      Everything is verily a manifestation of God; where then do differences, delusion,misfortune and misery exist? They exist in the „seeing‟ without right knowledge. For as you see,so is the world. Continue reading →
    • Shri Krishna Janma ashtami
      श्रीकृष्ण जन्माष्टमी आपका आत्मिक सुख जगाने का, आध्यात्मिक बल जगाने का पर्व है। जीव को श्रीकृष्ण-तत्त्व में सराबोर करने का त्यौहार है। तुम्हारा सुषुप्त प्रेम जगाने की दिव्य रात्रि है। श्रीकृष्ण का जीवन सर्वांगसंपूर्ण जीवन है। उनकी हर लीला कुछ नयी प्रेरणा देने वाली है। उनकी जीवन-लीलाओं का वास्तविक रहस्य तो श्रीकृष्ण तत्त्व का आत्मरूप से अनुभव किये हुए महापुरूष […]
    • Vedic Astrology: Jyothish Light of Knowledge
      INTRODUCTION Of Indian Jyothish or Hindu Jyothish or Vedic Jyothish. Vedas are the oldest, the most authentic and the most sacred scriptures to understand the mysteries of nature Vedas are oldest books in the library of the world.' The date when did the Sourya Mandal came into existence is written in " BramandPuraan ". Continue reading → […]
    • Bhagvaan ki Kripa
      धनभागी हैं वे, जो संत-दर्शन की महत्ता जानते हैं, उनके दर्शन-सत्संग का लाभ लेते हैं, उनके द्वार पर जा पाते हैं, उनकी सेवा कर पाते हैं और धन्य है यह भारतभूमि, जहाँ ऐसे आत्मारामी संत अवतरित होते रहते हैं। Continue reading → […]
    • Rudraksha : The Divine Gem
      The terms Rudraksha literally means the "Eyes" of Shiva and is so named in His benevolence. Shiva Purana describe Rudraksha's origin as Lord Shiva's tears. He had been meditating for many years for the welfare of all creatures. On opening the eyes, hot drops of tears rolled down and the mother earth gave birth to Rudraksha trees. Continue […]
    • Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital
      Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital for the blessing of all Nine Grahas Continue reading →
  • The free & open productivity suite

  • Google Desktop Sidebar with gadgets: Free and installs in seconds , Desktop search • Search your computer as easily as you search the web with Google • Find and launch applications and files with just a few keystrokes Sidebar with gadgets

  • Get a fast, free web browser

  • Adobe PDF Reader

  • Jai Guru Dev

    This Blog is an Humble attempt to spread the Divine Message of Pujjya BapuJi & Dedicated at the Lotus feets SHRI CHARANKAMAL Of PARAM PUJYA GURUJI SANT SHRI ASARAM JI BAPU VishwaGuru Of the Age.

    The essence of Bharata lies in Her culture of Self-realization. ParamAtman is not seen as something apart, but as our very essence, the one True Self that resides in the heart of us all. Raising ourselves from ordinary individuals to the heights of Supreme Consciousness is only possible with the guidance of one who is already in that transcendent state. Such a one is called a Satguru, a True Yogi, as in one who has gained mastery over the mind, one who is beyond the mind.

    From ancient times up to the present day, an unbroken succession of Self-realized Saints have incarnated in the Land of Yogis & Saints Bharata to lead seekers of Truth to the ultimate reality.

    Yada Yada hee Dharmasya glaneer bhavati Bharat
    Abhyusthanam Adharmasya Tadaatmanam Sreejamyaham
    Paritranaaya Sadhunaam Vinaashaya cha Dushkritaam
    Dharma Sansthapna arthaya Sambhavami Yuge Yuge
    Sreemadh Bhagvad Gita 4.7 & 8

  • 100 % Safe website

  • Protected by Copyscape Online Infringement Detector
  • Railway Time Schedule

  • ThankU

    Welcome To omshivam.wordpress.com

3: Karma-yoga “The Yoga Action”

Sreemadh Bhagavad Gita

The Glories of Chapter Three of the
Bhagavad Gita from the Padma Purana

Lord Vishnu said, “My dear Lakshmi, in the town of Janasthan was a brahmana of the name Jada, who was born in the dynasty of Kaushik. That brahmana gave up the religious activities enjoined in the shastras to be followed by the brahmana class, and took to many irreligious activities. He was very fond of gambling and drinking, hunting, and visiting the prostitutes. In this way, he wasted his wealth. He went to the northern countries on a business trip. While there, he gained much wealth and decided to return to Janasthan. After having traveled a long distance he, found himself in a very deserted place. One day, as the sun set, and everywhere became engulfed by darkness, he decided to take rest for the night under a tree. While resting, some robbers came and beat him to death, and stole his wealth. Because Jada had given up all religious activities and led a sinful life, after his death he attained the form of a ghost.

The son of Jada was very religious and learned in the Vedic shastras. When he saw that his father had not returned to Janasthan after a long time, he decided to go and search for him. For many days he traveled here and there, in search of his father, and whatever travelers he would meet, he would inquire from them, about his father. One day, he met one person who knew his father, and informed him of the events that had taken place. When the son of Jada heard the news of his father’s death, he decided to go to Kasi (Banaras) to offer pinda (worship) for the release of his father from his hellish condition. On the ninth day of his journey, he happened to take rest under the same tree under which his father had been killed. At that place, in the evening, he performed his daily worship to Lord Krishna, and he also recited the Third Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad-gita. As he completed his recitation, a loud sound came from the sky. When he looked up, he saw his father there, and in front of his eyes, his father’s form changed into one of the most beautiful beings, who had four hands, and was wearing a yellow dhoti. His body was the color of a dark rain was wearing a yellow dhoti. His body was the color of a dark rain cloud and his bodily effulgence was lightening up all the directions. At that time, his father offered his blessing to him. The son inquired from the father, as to the meaning of these wonderful happenings. The father said, “My dear son, you recited the Third chapter of Srimad Bhagavad-gita, and thus freed me from the ghost form which I had received, due to my sinful activities. Now you should return to your home, because the purpose for which you were traveling to Kasi (Banaras) has been achieved by your reciting the Third Chapter of Bhagavad-gita”.

When the son inquired from the father, if there were any further instructions from him, the father said, “My brother also had led a very sinful life and he is suffering some where in the darkest regions of hell. So if you wish to free him, and our other ancestors, who are suffering here and there, in different species in the material universe, then kindly, recite the Third Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad-gita. And by that recitation they will all attain a form similar to Lord Vishnu’s, and go to Vaikuntha”.

When the son heard the father’s instructions he replied, “If that is the case, then I will recite the Third Chapter until all the souls, who are trapped in the hellish life, are freed” At that time his father blessed him with the words, “Let it be.” Then an airplane arrived from the spiritual world of Vaikuntha and took the father to his destination.

Thereafter, the son returned to Janasthan and sat in front of the Deity of Lord Krishna, and with a desire to free all of the conditioned souls in the hellish condition, started reciting the Third Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad-gita. While his recitation was continuing, day after day, Lord Vishnu sent His messengers, the Vishnudutas, to the kingdom of Yamaraja, who is in charge of administering punishment to the sinful living entities. When the Vishnudutas arrived in front of Yamaraja, they informed him, that they had a message from Lord Vishnu, who is lying on the bed of Ananta-Sesha in the ocean of milk. They told him that Lord Vishnu was inquiring as to his welfare, and also was ordering him to free all of the conditioned souls, who were suffering in hell.

When Yamaraja heard this instruction from Lord Vishnu, he immediately had all of the conditioned souls released from hell and then personally went with those Vishnudutas to the ocean of milk, known as Svetadwipa, to have the darshan of Lord Vishnu.

When he arrived there, he saw Lord Vishnu, lying on the bed of Ananta-Sesha. His body had the effulgence of suns, and Lakshmi-Devi, the Goddess of Fortune, was massaging His feet. He was surrounded on all sides by rishis, sages, and demigods, headed by Lord Indra, who were all singing the Praises of Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahma was also present, reciting the Vedas. Yamaraja fell down and offered his respects before Lord Vishnu, and offered the following praise, “My dear Vishnu, You are the well-wisher of all the conditioned souls. There is no Limit of Your glories. From You the Vedas have come, You are time. And in The course of time You will destroy all things. You are the cause and maintainer of the three worlds and You are the Supersoul in every one’s heart, who is directing their activities. You are the Guru of the whole universe, and the goal of all devotees. Oh, lotus-eyed one, please accept my obeisances again and again. Your glories are unlimited.”

In this way Yamaraja with folded hands offered his respects to Lord Vishnu. Yamaraja continued, “As per Your instructions, I have released all the conditioned souls from hell. So kindly instruct me, what work You wish me to perform now” Lord Vishnu replied in a voice as deep as thunder, and as sweet as nectar, “My dear Dharmaraja (Yamaraja), you are equal to every one, and I do not need to instruct you on your duties. Kindly return to your abode with my full blessings, and continue your duty”

At that time, Lord Vishnu disappeared from the vision of Yamaraja, and Yamaraja returned to his own abode. After that brahmana had successfully freed all of his ancestors and the rest of the conditioned souls from hell, the Vishnudutas came, and took him to the abode of Lord Vishnu, where he was able to engage in the service of the lotus-feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead eternally.

3: Karma-yoga “The Yoga Action”

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 1

arjuna uvaca 
jyayasi cet karmanas te 
mata buddhir janardana 
tat kim karmani ghore mam 
niyojayasi kesava

SYNONYMS

arjunah–Arjuna; uvaca–said; jyayasi–speaking very highly; cet–although; karmanah–than fruitive action; te–Your; mata–opinion;buddhih–intelligence; janardana–O Krsna; tat–therefore; kim–why;karmani–in action; ghore–ghastly; mam–me; niyojayasi–engaging me; kesava–O Krsna.

TRANSLATION

Arjuna said: O Janardana, O Kesava, why do You urge me to engage in this ghastly warfare, if You think that intelligence is better than fruitive work?

PURPORT

The Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Krsna has very elaborately described the constitution of the soul in the previous chapter, with a view to deliver His intimate friend Arjuna from the ocean of material grief. And the path of realization has been recommended: buddhi-yoga, or Krsna consciousness. Sometimes Krsna consciousness is misunderstood to be inertia, and one with such a misunderstanding often withdraws to a secluded place to become fully Krsna conscious by chanting the holy name of Lord Krsna. But without being trained in the philosophy of Krsna consciousness, it is not advisable to chant the holy name of Krsna in a secluded place, where one may acquire only cheap adoration from the innocent public. Arjuna also thought of Krsna consciousness orbuddhi-yoga, or intelligence in spiritual advancement of knowledge, as something like retirement from active life and the practice of penance and austerity at a secluded place. In other words, he wanted to skillfully avoid the fighting by using Krsna consciousness as an excuse. But as a sincere student, he placed the matter before his master and questioned Krsna as to his best course of action. In answer, Lord Krsna elaborately explained karma-yoga, or work in Krsna consciousness, in this Third Chapter.

_______________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 2

vyamisreneva vakyena 
buddhim mohayasiva me 
tad ekam vada niscitya 
yena sreyo ‘ham apnuyam

SYNONYMS

vyamisrena–by equivocal; iva–as; vakyena–words; buddhim–intelligence; mohayasi–bewildering; iva–as; me–my; tat–therefore;ekam–only one; vada–please tell; niscitya–ascertaining; yena–by which; sreyah–real benefit; aham–I; apnuyam–may have it.

TRANSLATION

My intelligence is bewildered by Your equivocal instructions. Therefore, please tell me decisively what is most beneficial for me.

PURPORT

In the previous chapter, as a prelude to the Bhagavad-gita, many different paths were explained, such as sankhya-yoga, buddhi-yoga,control of the senses by intelligence, work without fruitive desire, and the position of the neophyte. This was all presented unsystematically. A more organized outline of the path would be necessary for action and understanding. Arjuna, therefore, wanted to clear up these apparently confusing matters so that any common man could accept them without misinterpretation. Although Krsna had no intention of confusing Arjuna by any jugglery of words, Arjuna could not follow the process of Krsna consciousness–either by inertia or active service. In other words, by his questions he is clearing the path of Krsna consciousness for all students who seriously want to understand the mystery of the Bhagavad-gita.

__________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 3

sri-bhagavan uvaca 
loke ‘smin dvi-vidha nistha 
pura prokta mayanagha 
jnana-yogena sankhyanam 
karma-yogena yoginam

SYNONYMS

sri-bhagavan uvaca–the Supreme Personality of Godhead said;loke–in the world; asmin–this; dvi-vidha–two kinds of; nistha–faith;pura–formerly; prokta–were said; maya–by Me; anagha–O sinless one; jnana-yogena–by the linking process of knowledge;sankhyanam–of the empiric philosophers; karma-yogena–by the linking process of devotion; yoginam–of the devotees.

TRANSLATION

The Blessed Lord said: O sinless Arjuna, I have already explained that there are two classes of men who realize the Self. Some are inclined to understand Him by empirical, philosophical speculation, and others are inclined to know Him by devotional work.

PURPORT

In the Second Chapter, verse 39, the Lord explained two kinds of procedures–namely sankhya-yoga and karma-yoga, or buddhi-yoga.In this verse, the Lord explains the same more clearly. Sankhya-yoga,or the analytical study of the nature of spirit and matter, is the subject matter for persons who are inclined to speculate and understand things by experimental knowledge and philosophy. The other class of men work in Krsna consciousness, as it is explained in the 61st verse of the Second Chapter. The Lord has explained, also in the 39th verse, that by working by the principles of buddhi-yoga, or Krsna consciousness, one can be relieved from the bonds of action; and, furthermore, there is no flaw in the process. The same principle is more clearly explained in the 61st verse–that this buddhi-yoga is to depend entirely on the Supreme (or more specifically, on Krsna), and in this way all the senses can be brought under control very easily. Therefore, both the yogas are interdependent, as religion and philosophy. Religion without philosophy is sentiment, or sometimes fanaticism, while philosophy without religion is mental speculation. The ultimate goal is Krsna, because the philosophers who are also sincerely searching after the Absolute Truth come in the end to Krsna consciousness. This is also stated in theBhagavad-gita. The whole process is to understand the real position of the self in relation to the Superself. The indirect process is philosophical speculation, by which, gradually, one may come to the point of Krsna consciousness; and the other process is directly connecting with everything in Krsna consciousness. Of these two, the path of Krsna consciousness is better because it does not depend on purifying the senses by a philosophical process. Krsna consciousness is itself the purifying process, and by the direct method of devotional service it is simultaneously easy and sublime.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 4

na karmanam anarambhan 
naiskarmyam puruso ‘snute 
na ca sannyasanad eva 
siddhim samadhigacchati

SYNONYMS

na–without; karmanam–of the prescribed duties; anarambhat–nonperformance; naiskarmyam–freedom from reaction; purusah–man; asnute–achieve; na–nor; ca–also; sannyasanat–by renunciation; eva–simply; siddhim–success; samadhigacchati–attain.

TRANSLATION

Not by merely abstaining from work can one achieve freedom from reaction, nor by renunciation alone can one attain perfection.

PURPORT

The renounced order of life can be accepted upon being purified by the discharge of the prescribed form of duties which are laid down just to purify the heart of materialistic men. Without purification, one cannot attain success by abruptly adopting the fourth order of life (sannyasa). According to the empirical philosophers, simply by adopting sannyasa,or retiring from fruitive activities, one at once becomes as good as Narayana. But Lord Krsna does not approve this principle. Without purification of heart, sannyasa is simply a disturbance to the social order. On the other hand, if someone takes to the transcendental service of the Lord, even without discharging his prescribed duties, whatever he may be able to advance in the cause is accepted by the Lord (buddhi-yoga). Svalpam apy asya dharmasya trayate mahato bhayat. Even a slight performance of such a principle enables one to overcome great difficulties.

_____________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 5

na hi kascit ksanam api 
jatu tisthaty akarma-krt 
karyate hy avasah karma 
sarvah prakrti-jair gunaih

SYNONYMS

na–nor; hi–certainly; kascit–anyone; ksanam–even a moment;api–also; jatu–even; tisthati–stands; akarma-krt–without doing something; karyate–forced to work; hi–certainly; avasah–helplessly;karma–work; sarvah–everything; prakrti-jaih–out of the modes of material nature; gunaih–by the qualities.

TRANSLATION

All men are forced to act helplessly according to the impulses born of the modes of material nature; therefore no one can refrain from doing something, not even for a moment.

PURPORT

It is not a question of embodied life, but it is the nature of the soul to be always active. Without the presence of the spirit soul, the material body cannot move. The body is only a dead vehicle to be worked by the spirit soul, which is always active and cannot stop even for a moment. As such, the spirit soul has to be engaged in the good work of Krsna consciousness, otherwise it will be engaged in occupations dictated by illusory energy. In contact with material energy, the spirit soul acquires material modes, and to purify the soul from such affinities it is necessary to engage in the prescribed duties enjoined in the sastras.But if the soul is engaged in his natural function of Krsna consciousness, whatever he is able to do is good for him. The Srimad-Bhagavatamaffirms this:
tyaktva sva-dharmam caranambujam harer 
bhajann apakvo ‘tha patet tato yadi 
yatra kva vabhadram abhud amusya kim 
ko vartha apto ‘bhajatam sva-dharmatah

“If someone takes to Krsna consciousness, even though he may not follow the prescribed duties in the sastras nor execute the devotional service properly, and even though he may fall down from the standard, there is no loss or evil for him. But if he carries out all the injunctions for purification in the sastras, what does it avail him if he is not Krsna conscious?” (Bhag. 1.5.17) So the purificatory process is necessary for reaching this point of Krsna consciousness. Therefore, sannyasa, or any purificatory process, is to help reach the ultimate goal of becoming Krsna conscious, without which everything is considered a failure.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 6

karmendriyani samyamya 
ya aste manasa smaran 
indriyarthan vimudhatma 
mithyacarah sa ucyate

SYNONYMS

karma-indriyani–the five working sense organs; samyamya–controlling; yah–anyone who; aste–remains; manasa–by mind;smaran–thinking; indriya-arthan–sense objects; vimudha–foolish;atma–soul; mithya-acarah–pretender; sah–he; ucyate–is called.

TRANSLATION

One who restrains the senses and organs of action, but whose mind dwells on sense objects, certainly deludes himself and is called a pretender.

PURPORT

There are many pretenders who refuse to work in Krsna consciousness but make a show of meditation, while actually dwelling within the mind upon sense enjoyment. Such pretenders may also speak on dry philosophy in order to bluff sophisticated followers, but according to this verse these are the greatest cheaters. For sense enjoyment one can act in any capacity of the social order, but if one follows the rules and regulations of his particular status, he can make gradual progress in purifying his existence. But he who makes a show of being a yogi, while actually searching for the objects of sense gratification, must be called the greatest cheater, even though he sometimes speaks of philosophy. His knowledge has no value because the effects of such a sinful man’s knowledge are taken away by the illusory energy of the Lord. Such a pretender’s mind is always impure, and therefore his show of yogic meditation has no value whatsoever.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 6

karmendriyani samyamya 
ya aste manasa smaran 
indriyarthan vimudhatma 
mithyacarah sa ucyate

SYNONYMS

karma-indriyani–the five working sense organs; samyamya–controlling; yah–anyone who; aste–remains; manasa–by mind;smaran–thinking; indriya-arthan–sense objects; vimudha–foolish;atma–soul; mithya-acarah–pretender; sah–he; ucyate–is called.

TRANSLATION

One who restrains the senses and organs of action, but whose mind dwells on sense objects, certainly deludes himself and is called a pretender.
PURPORT
There are many pretenders who refuse to work in Krsna consciousness but make a show of meditation, while actually dwelling within the mind upon sense enjoyment. Such pretenders may also speak on dry philosophy in order to bluff sophisticated followers, but according to this verse these are the greatest cheaters. For sense enjoyment one can act in any capacity of the social order, but if one follows the rules and regulations of his particular status, he can make gradual progress in purifying his existence. But he who makes a show of being a yogi, while actually searching for the objects of sense gratification, must be called the greatest cheater, even though he sometimes speaks of philosophy. His knowledge has no value because the effects of such a sinful man’s knowledge are taken away by the illusory energy of the Lord. Such a pretender’s mind is always impure, and therefore his show of yogic meditation has no value whatsoever.

________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 7

yas tv indriyani manasa 
niyamyarabhate ‘rjuna 
karmendriyaih karma-yogam 
asaktah sa visisyate

SYNONYMS

yah–one who; tu–but; indriyani–senses; manasa–by the mind;niyamya–regulating; arabhate–begins; arjuna–O Arjuna; karma-indriyaih–by the active sense organs; karma-yogam–devotion;asaktah–without attachment; sah–he; visisyate–by far the better.

TRANSLATION

On the other hand, he who controls the senses by the mind and engages his active organs in works of devotion, without attachment, is by far superior.

PURPORT

Instead of becoming a pseudo-transcendentalist for the sake of wanton living and sense enjoyment, it is far better to remain in one’s own business and execute the purpose of life, which is to get free from material bondage and enter into the kingdom of God. The primesvartha-gati, or goal of self-interest, is to reach Visnu. The whole institution of varna and asrama is designed to help us reach this goal of life. A householder can also reach this destination by regulated service in Krsna consciousness. For self-realization, one can live a controlled life, as prescribed in the sastras, and continue carrying out his business without attachment, and in that way make progress. Such a sincere person who follows this method is far better situated than the false pretender who adopts show-bottle spiritualism to cheat the innocent public. A sincere sweeper in the street is far better than the charlatan meditator who meditates only for the sake of making a living.

____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 8

niyatam kuru karma tvam 
karma jyayo hy akarmanah 
sarira-yatrapi ca te 
na prasiddhyed akarmanah

SYNONYMS

niyatam–prescribed; kuru–do; karma–duties; tvam–you;karma–work; jyayah–better; hi–than; akarmanah–without work;sarira–bodily; yatra–maintenance; api–even; ca–also; te–your; na–never; prasiddhyet–effected; akarmanah–without work.

TRANSLATION

Perform your prescribed duty, for action is better than inaction. A man cannot even maintain his physical body without work.

PURPORT

There are many pseudo-meditators who misrepresent themselves as belonging to high parentage, and great professional men who falsely pose that they have sacrificed everything for the sake of advancement in spiritual life. Lord Krsna did not want Arjuna to become a pretender, but that he perform his prescribed duties as set forth for ksatriyas.Arjuna was a householder and a military general, and therefore it was better for him to remain as such and perform his religious duties as prescribed for the householder ksatriya. Such activities gradually cleanse the heart of a mundane man and free him from material contamination. So-called renunciation for the purpose of maintenance is never approved by the Lord, nor by any religious scripture. After all, one has to maintain one’s body and soul together by some work. Work should not be given up capriciously, without purification of materialistic propensities. Anyone who is in the material world is certainly possessed of the impure propensity for lording it over material nature, or, in other words, for sense gratification. Such polluted propensities have to be cleared. Without doing so, through prescribed duties, one should never attempt to become a so-called transcendentalist, renouncing work and living at the cost of others.

_________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 9

yajnarthat karmano ‘nyatra 
loko ‘yam karma-bandhanah 
tad-artham karma kaunteya 
mukta-sangah samacara

SYNONYMS

yajna-arthat–only for the sake of Yajna, or Visnu; karmanah–work done; anyatra–otherwise; lokah–this world; ayam–this;karma-bandhanah–bondage by work; tat–Him; artham–for the sake; karma–work; kaunteya–O son of Kunti; mukta-sangah–liberated from association; samacara–do perfectly.

TRANSLATION

Work done as a sacrifice for Visnu has to be performed, otherwise work binds one to this material world. Therefore, O son of Kunti, perform your prescribed duties for His satisfaction, and in that way you will always remain unattached and free from bondage.

PURPORT

Since one has to work even for the simple maintenance of the body, the prescribed duties for a particular social position and quality are so made that that purpose can be fulfilled. Yajna means Lord Visnu, or sacrificial performances. All sacrificial performances also are meant for the satisfaction of Lord Visnu. The Vedas enjoin: yajno vai visnuh. In other words, the same purpose is served whether one performs prescribed yajnas or directly serves Lord Visnu. Krsna consciousness is therefore performance of yajna as it is prescribed in this verse. Thevarnasrama institution also aims at this for satisfying Lord Visnu.”Varnasramacaravata purusena parah puman/visnur aradhyate…..” (Visnu Purana 3.8.8). Therefore one has to work for the satisfaction of Visnu. Any other work done in this material world will be a cause of bondage, for both good and evil work have their reactions, and any reaction binds the performer. Therefore, one has to work in Krsna consciousness to satisfy Krsna (or Visnu); and while performing such activities one is in a liberated stage. This is the great art of doing work, and in the beginning this process requires very expert guidance. One should therefore act very diligently, under the expert guidance of a devotee of Lord Krsna, or under the direct instruction of Lord Krsna Himself (under whom Arjuna had the opportunity to work). Nothing should be performed for sense gratification, but everything should be done for the satisfaction of Krsna. This practice will not only save one from the reaction of work, but will also gradually elevate one to transcendental loving service of the Lord, which alone can raise one to the kingdom of God.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 10

saha-yajnah prajah srstva 
purovaca prajapatih 
anena prasavisyadhvam 
esa vo ‘stv ista-kama-dhuk

SYNONYMS

saha–along with; yajnah–sacrifices; prajah–generations; srstva–creating; pura–anciently; uvaca–said; praja-patih–the Lord of creatures; anena–by this; prasavisyadhvam–be more and more prosperous; esah–certainly; vah–your; astu–let it be; ista–all desirable; kama-dhuk–bestower.

TRANSLATION

In the beginning of creation, the Lord of all creatures sent forth generations of men and demigods, along with sacrifices for Visnu, and blessed them by saying, “Be thou happy by this yajna [sacrifice] because its performance will bestow upon you all desirable things.”

PURPORT

The material creation by the Lord of creatures (Visnu) is a chance offered to the conditioned souls to come back home–back to Godhead. All living entities within the material creation are conditioned by material nature because of their forgetfulness of their relationship to Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Vedic principles are to help us understand this eternal relation, as it is stated in the Bhagavad-gita:vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyah. The Lord says that the purpose of the Vedas is to understand Him. In the Vedic hymns it is said: patim visvasyatmesvaram. Therefore, the Lord of the living entities is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu. In the Srimad-Bhagavatamalso Srila Sukadeva Gosvami describes the Lord as pati in so many ways:
sriyah patir yajna-patih praja-patir 
dhiyam patir loka-patir dhara-patih 
patir gatis candhaka-vrsni-satvatam 
prasidatam me bhagavan satam patih 
(Bhag. 2.4.20)

The praja-pati is Lord Visnu, and He is the Lord of all living creatures, all worlds, and all beauties, and the protector of everyone. The Lord created this material world for the conditioned souls to learn how to perform yajnas (sacrifice) for the satisfaction of Visnu, so that while in the material world they can live very comfortably without anxiety. Then after finishing the present material body, they can enter into the kingdom of God. That is the whole program for the conditioned soul. By performance of yajna, the conditioned souls gradually become Krsna conscious and become godly in all respects. In the Age of Kali, the sankirtana-yajna (the chanting of the names of God) is recommended by the Vedic scriptures, and this transcendental system was introduced by Lord Caitanya for the deliverance of all men in this age. Sankirtana-yajna and Krsna consciousness go well together. Lord Krsna in His devotional form (as Lord Caitanya) is mentioned in theSrimad-Bhagavatam as follows, with special reference to thesankirtana-yajna:

krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam sangopangastra-parsadam 
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah

“In this Age of Kali, people who are endowed with sufficient intelligence will worship the Lord, who is accompanied by His associates, by performance of sankirtana-yajna.” (Bhag. 11.5.32) Other yajnas prescribed in the Vedic literatures are not easy to perform in this Age of Kali, but the sankirtana-yajna is easy and sublime for all purposes.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 11

devan bhavayatanena 
te deva bhavayantu vah 
parasparam bhavayantah 
sreyah param avapsyatha

SYNONYMS

devan–demigods; bhavayata–having pleased; anena–by this sacrifice; te–those; devah–the demigods; bhavayantu–will please;vah–you; parasparam–mutual; bhavayantah–pleasing one another;sreyah–benediction; param–the supreme; avapsyatha–do you achieve.

TRANSLATION

The demigods, being pleased by sacrifices, will also please you; thus nourishing one another, there will reign general prosperity for all.

PURPORT

The demigods are empowered administrators of material affairs. The supply of air, light, water and all other benedictions for maintaining the body and soul of every living entity are entrusted to the demigods, who are innumerable assistants in different parts of the body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Their pleasures and displeasures are dependent on the performance of yajnas by the human being. Some of the yajnasare meant to satisfy particular demigods; but even in so doing, Lord Visnu is worshiped in all yajnas as the chief beneficiary. It is stated also in the Bhagavad-gita that Krsna Himself is the beneficiary of all kinds of yajnas: bhoktaram yajna-tapasam. Therefore, ultimate satisfaction of the yajna-pati is the chief purpose of all yajnas. When these yajnasare perfectly performed, naturally the demigods in charge of the different departments of supply are pleased, and there is no scarcity in the supply of natural products. 
Performance of yajnas has many side benefits, ultimately leading to liberation from the material bondage. By performance of yajnas, all activities become purified, as it is stated in the Vedas:

ahara-suddhau sattva-suddhih sattva-suddhau 
dhruva smrtih smrti-lambhe sarvagranthinam vipramoksah

As it will be explained in the following verse, by performance of yajnaone’s eatables become sanctified, and by eating sanctified foodstuffs, one’s very existence becomes purified; by the purification of existence, finer tissues in the memory become sanctified, and when memory is sanctified, one can think of the path of liberation, and all these combined together lead to Krsna consciousness, the great necessity of present-day society.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 12

istan bhogan hi vo deva 
dasyante yajna-bhavitah 
tair dattan apradayaibhyo 
yo bhunkte stena eva sah

SYNONYMS

istan–desired; bhogan–necessities of life; hi–certainly; vah–unto you; devah–the demigods; dasyante–award; yajna-bhavitah–being satisfied by the performance of sacrifices; taih–by them; dattan–things given; apradaya–without offering; ebhyah–to the demigods; yah–he who; bhunkte–enjoys; stenah–thief; eva–certainly; sah–is he.

TRANSLATION

In charge of the various necessities of life, the demigods, being satisfied by the performance of yajna [sacrifice], supply all necessities to man. But he who enjoys these gifts, without offering them to the demigods in return, is certainly a thief.

PURPORT

The demigods are authorized supplying agents on behalf of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu. Therefore, they must be satisfied by the performance of prescribed yajnas. In the Vedas, there are different kinds of yajnas prescribed for different kinds of demigods, but all are ultimately offered to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. For one who cannot understand what the Personality of Godhead is, sacrifice to the demigods is recommended. According to the different material qualities of the persons concerned, different types of yajnas are recommended in the Vedas. Worship of different demigods is also on the same basis–namely, according to different qualities. For example, the meat-eaters are recommended to worship the goddess Kali, the ghastly form of material nature, and before the goddess the sacrifice of animals is recommended. But for those who are in the mode of goodness, the transcendental worship of Visnu is recommended. But ultimately, all yajnas are meant for gradual promotion to the transcendental position. For ordinary men, at least five yajnas, known as panca-maha-yajna, are necessary. 
One should know, however, that all the necessities of life that the human society requires are supplied by the demigod agents of the Lord. No one can manufacture anything. Take, for example, all the eatables of human society. These eatables include grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, sugar, etc., for the persons in the mode of goodness, and also eatables for the non-vegetarians, like meats, etc., none of which can be manufactured by men. Then again, take for example heat, light, water, air, etc., which are also necessities of life–none of them can be manufactured by the human society. Without the Supreme Lord, there can be no profuse sunlight, moonlight, rainfall, breeze, etc., without which no one can live. Obviously, our life is dependent on supplies from the Lord. Even for our manufacturing enterprises, we require so many raw materials like metal, sulphur, mercury, manganese, and so many essentials–all of which are supplied by the agents of the Lord, with the purpose that we should make proper use of them to keep ourselves fit and healthy for the purpose of self-realization, leading to the ultimate goal of life, namely, liberation from the material struggle for existence. This aim of life is attained by performance of yajnas. If we forget the purpose of human life and simply take supplies from the agents of the Lord for sense gratification and become more and more entangled in material existence, which is not the purpose of creation, certainly we become thieves, and therefore we are punished by the laws of material nature. A society of thieves can never be happy because they have no aim in life. The gross materialist thieves have no ultimate goal of life. They are simply directed to sense gratification; nor do they have knowledge of how to perform yajnas. Lord Caitanya, however, inaugurated the easiest performance of yajna, namely the sankirtana-yajna, which can be performed by anyone in the world who accepts the principles of Krsna consciousness.

_________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 13

yajna-sistasinah santo 
mucyante sarva-kilbisaih 
bhunjate te tv agham papa 
ye pacanty atma-karanat

SYNONYMS

yajna-sista–food taken after performance of yajna; asinah–eaters; santah–the devotees; mucyante–get relief from; sarva–all kinds of; kilbisaih–from sins; bhunjate–enjoy; te–they; tu–but;agham–grievous sins; papah–sinners; ye–those; pacanti–prepare food; atma-karanat–for sense enjoyment.

TRANSLATION

The devotees of the Lord are released from all kinds of sins because they eat food which is offered first for sacrifice. Others, who prepare food for personal sense enjoyment, verily eat only sin.

PURPORT

The devotees of the Supreme Lord, or the persons who are in Krsna consciousness, are called santas, and they are always in love with the Lord as it is described in the Brahma-samhita: premanjana-cchurita-bhakti-vilocanena santah sadaiva hrdayesu vilokayanti. The santas,being always in a compact of love with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda (the giver of all pleasures), or Mukunda (the giver of liberation), or Krsna (the all-attractive person), cannot accept anything without first offering it to the Supreme Person. Therefore, such devotees always perform yajnas in different modes of devotional service, such assravanam, kirtanam, smaranam, arcanam, etc., and these performances of yajnas keep them always aloof from all kinds of contamination of sinful association in the material world. Others, who prepare food for self or sense gratification, are not only thieves, but are also the eaters of all kinds of sins. How can a person be happy if he is both a thief and sinful? It is not possible. Therefore, in order for people to become happy in all respects, they must be taught to perform the easy process of sankirtana-yajna, in full Krsna consciousness. Otherwise, there can be no peace or happiness in the world.

_____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 14

annad bhavanti bhutani 
parjanyad anna-sambhavah 
yajnad bhavati parjanyo 
yajnah karma-samudbhavah

SYNONYMS

annat–from grains; bhavanti–grow; bhutani–the material bodies;parjanyat–from rains; anna–of food grains; sambhavah–are made possible; yajnat–from the performance of sacrifice; bhavati–becomes possible; parjanyah–rains; yajnah–performance of yajna; karma–prescribed duties; samudbhavah–born of.

TRANSLATION

All living bodies subsist on food grains, which are produced from rains. Rains are produced by performance of yajna [sacrifice], and yajna is born of prescribed duties.

PURPORT

Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana, a great commentator on theBhagavad-gita, writes as follows: ye indrady-angatayavasthitam yajnam sarvesvaram visnum abhyarcya tac-chesam asnanti tena tad deha-yatram sampadayanti, te santah sarvesvarasya yajna-purusasya bhaktah sarva-kilbisair anadi-kala-vivrddhair atmanubhava-prati bandhakair nikhilaih papair vimucyante. The Supreme Lord, who is known as the yajna-purusa, or the personal beneficiary of all sacrifices, is the master of all demigods, who serve Him as the different limbs of the body serve the whole. Demigods like Indra, Candra, Varuna, etc., are appointed officers who manage material affairs, and the Vedas direct sacrifices to satisfy these demigods so that they may be pleased to supply air, light and water sufficiently to produce food grains. When Lord Krsna is worshiped, the demigods, who are different limbs of the Lord, are also automatically worshiped; therefore there is no separate need to worship the demigods. For this reason, the devotees of the Lord, who are in Krsna consciousness, offer food to Krsna and then eat–a process which nourishes the body spiritually. By such action not only are past sinful reactions in the body vanquished, but the body becomes immunized to all contamination of material nature. When there is an epidemic disease, an antiseptic vaccine protects a person from the attack of such an epidemic. Similarly, food offered to Lord Visnu and then taken by us makes us sufficiently resistant to material affection, and one who is accustomed to this practice is called a devotee of the Lord. Therefore, a person in Krsna consciousness, who eats only food offered to Krsna, can counteract all reactions of past material infections, which are impediments to the progress of self-realization. On the other hand, one who does not do so continues to increase the volume of sinful action, and this prepares the next body to resemble hogs and dogs, to suffer the resultant reactions of all sins. The material world is full of contaminations, and one who is immunized by accepting prasadam of the Lord (food offered to Visnu) is saved from the attack, whereas one who does not do so becomes subjected to contamination. 
Food grains or vegetables are factually eatables. The human being eats different kinds of food grains, vegetables, fruits, etc., and the animals eat the refuse of the food grains and vegetables, grass, plants, etc. Human beings who are accustomed to eating meat and flesh must also depend on the production of vegetation in order to eat the animals. Therefore, ultimately, we have to depend on the production of the field and not on the production of big factories. The field production is due to sufficient rain from the sky, and such rains are controlled by demigods like Indra, sun, moon, etc., and they are all servants of the Lord. The Lord can be satisfied by sacrifices; therefore, one who cannot perform them will find himself in scarcity–that is the law of nature. Yajna,specifically the sankirtana-yajna prescribed for this age, must therefore be performed to save us at least from scarcity of food supply.

_____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 15

karma brahmodbhavam viddhi 
brahmaksara-samudbhavam 
tasmat sarva-gatam brahma 
nityam yajne pratisthitam

SYNONYMS

karma–work; brahma–Vedas; udbhavam–produced from;viddhi–one should know; brahma–the Vedas; aksara–the Supreme Brahman (Personality of Godhead); samudbhavam–directly manifested; tasmat–therefore; sarva-gatam–all-pervading; brahma–transcendence; nityam–eternally; yajne–in sacrifice; pratisthitam–situated.

TRANSLATION

Regulated activities are prescribed in the Vedas, and the Vedas are directly manifested from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Consequently the all-pervading Transcendence is eternally situated in acts of sacrifice.

PURPORT

Yajnartha-karma, or the necessity of work for the satisfaction of Krsna only, is more expressly stated in this verse. If we have to work for the satisfaction of the yajna-purusa, Visnu, then we must find out the direction of work in Brahman, or the transcendental Vedas. TheVedas are therefore codes of working directions. Anything performed without the direction of the Vedas is called vikarma, or unauthorized or sinful work. Therefore, one should always take direction from the Vedasto be saved from the reaction of work. As one has to work in ordinary life by the direction of the state, similarly, one has to work under direction of the supreme state of the Lord. Such directions in the Vedasare directly manifested from the breathing of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is said: asya mahato bhutasya nisvasitam etad yad rg-vedo yajur-vedah samavedo ‘tharvan girasah. “The four Vedas–namely the Rg-veda, Yajur-veda, Sama-veda and Atharva-veda–are all emanations from the breathing of the great Personality of Godhead.” The Lord, being omnipotent, can speak by breathing air, as it is confirmed in the Brahma-samhita, for the Lord has the omnipotence to perform through each of His senses the actions of all other senses. In other words, the Lord can speak through His breathing, and He can impregnate by His eyes. In fact, it is said that He glanced over material nature and thus fathered all living entities. After creating or impregnating the conditioned souls into the womb of material nature, He gave His directions in the Vedic wisdom as to how such conditioned souls can return home, back to Godhead. We should always remember that the conditioned souls in material nature are all eager for material enjoyment. But the Vedic directions are so made that one can satisfy one’s perverted desires, then return to Godhead, having finished his so-called enjoyment. It is a chance for the conditioned souls to attain liberation; therefore the conditioned souls must try to follow the process of yajnaby becoming Krsna conscious. Even those who cannot follow the Vedic injunctions may adopt the principles of Krsna consciousness, and that will take the place of performance of Vedic yajnas, or karmas.

________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 16

evam pravartitam cakram 
nanuvartayatiha yah 
aghayur indriyaramo 
mogham partha sa jivati

SYNONYMS

evam–thus prescribed; pravartitam–established by the Vedas;cakram–cycle; na–does not; anuvartayati–adopt; iha–in this life;yah–one who; agha-ayuh–life full of sins; indriya-aramah–satisfied in sense gratification; mogham–useless; partha–O son of Prtha (Arjuna); sah–one who does so; jivati–lives.

TRANSLATION

My dear Arjuna, a man who does not follow this prescribed Vedic system of sacrifice certainly leads a life of sin, for a person delighting only in the senses lives in vain.

PURPORT

The mammonist philosophy of work very hard and enjoy sense gratification is condemned herein by the Lord. Therefore, for those who want to enjoy this material world, the above-mentioned cycle of performing yajnas is absolutely necessary. One who does not follow such regulations is living a very risky life, being condemned more and more. By nature’s law, this human form of life is specifically meant for self-realization, in either of the three ways–namely karma-yoga, jnana-yoga, or bhakti-yoga. There is no necessity of rigidly following the performances of the prescribed yajnas for the transcendentalists who are above vice and virtue; but those who are engaged in sense gratification require purification by the above-mentioned cycle of yajnaperformances. There are different kinds of activities. Those who are not Krsna conscious are certainly engaged in sensory consciousness; therefore they need to execute pious work. The yajna system is planned in such a way that sensory conscious persons may satisfy their desires without becoming entangled in the reaction of sense-gratificatory work. The prosperity of the world depends not on our own efforts but on the background arrangement of the Supreme Lord, directly carried out by the demigods. Therefore, the yajnas are directly aimed at the particular demigod mentioned in the Vedas. Indirectly, it is the practice of Krsna consciousness, because when one masters the performance of yajnas,one is sure to become Krsna conscious. But if by performing yajnasone does not become Krsna conscious, such principles are counted as only moral codes. One should not, therefore, limit his progress only to the point of moral codes, but should transcend them, to attain Krsna consciousness.

______________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 17

yas tv atma-ratir eva syad 
atma-trptas ca manavah 
atmany eva ca santustas 
tasya karyam na vidyate

SYNONYMS

yah–one who; tu–but; atma-ratih–takes pleasure; eva–certainly;syat–remains; atma-trptah–self-illuminated; ca–and; manavah–a man; atmani–in himself; eva–only; ca–and; santustah–perfectly satiated; tasya–his; karyam–duty; na–does not; vidyate–exist.

TRANSLATION

One who is, however, taking pleasure in the self, who is illuminated in the self, who rejoices in and is satisfied with the self only, fully satiated–for him there is no duty.

PURPORT

A person who is fully Krsna conscious, and is fully satisfied by his acts in Krsna consciousness, no longer has any duty to perform. Due to his being Krsna conscious, all impiety within is instantly cleansed, an effect of many, many thousands of yajna performances. By such clearing of consciousness, one becomes fully confident of his eternal position in relationship with the Supreme. His duty thus becomes self-illuminated by the grace of the Lord, and therefore he no longer has any obligations to the Vedic injunctions. Such a Krsna conscious person is no longer interested in material activities and no longer takes pleasure in material arrangements like wine, women and similar infatuations.

_____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 18

naiva tasya krtenartho 
nakrteneha kascana 
na casya sarva-bhutesu 
kascid artha-vyapasrayah

SYNONYMS

na–never; eva–certainly; tasya–his; krtena–by discharge of duty;arthah–purpose; na–nor; akrtena–without discharge of duty; iha–in this world; kascana–whatever; na–never; ca–and; asya–of him;sarva-bhutesu–in all living beings; kascit–any; artha–purpose;vyapasrayah–taking shelter of.

TRANSLATION

A self-realized man has no purpose to fulfill in the discharge of his prescribed duties, nor has he any reason not to perform such work. Nor has he any need to depend on any other living being.

PURPORT

A self-realized man is no longer obliged to perform any prescribed duty, save and except activities in Krsna consciousness. Krsna consciousness is not inactivity either, as will be explained in the following verses. A Krsna conscious man does not take shelter of any person–man or demigod. Whatever he does in Krsna consciousness is sufficient in the discharge of his obligation .

______________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 19

tasmad asaktah satatam 
karyam karma samacara 
asakto hy acaran karma 
param apnoti purusah

SYNONYMS

tasmat–therefore; asaktah–without attachment; satatam–constantly; karyam–as duty; karma–work; samacara–perform;asaktah–nonattached; hi–certainly; acaran–performing; karma–work; param–the Supreme; apnoti–achieves; purusah–a man.

TRANSLATION

Therefore, without being attached to the fruits of activities, one should act as a matter of duty; for by working without attachment, one attains the Supreme.

PURPORT

The Supreme is the Personality of Godhead for the devotees, and liberation for the impersonalist. A person, therefore, acting for Krsna, or in Krsna consciousness, under proper guidance and without attachment to the result of the work, is certainly making progress toward the supreme goal of life. Arjuna is told that he should fight in the Battle of Kuruksetra for the interest of Krsna because Krsna wanted him to fight. To be a good man or a nonviolent man is a personal attachment, but to act on behalf of the Supreme is to act without attachment for the result. That is perfect action of the highest degree, recommended by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna. 
Vedic rituals, like prescribed sacrifices, are performed for purification of impious activities that were performed in the field of sense gratification. But action in Krsna consciousness is transcendental to the reactions of good or evil work. A Krsna conscious person has no attachment for the result but acts on behalf of Krsna alone. He engages in all kinds of activities, but is completely nonattached.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 20

karmanaiva hi samsiddhim 
asthita janakadayah 
loka-sangraham evapi 
sampasyan kartum arhasi

SYNONYMS

karmana–by work; eva–even; hi–certainly; samsiddhim–perfection; asthitah–situated; janaka-adayah–Janaka and other kings; loka-sangraham–educating the people in general; eva–also;api–for the sake of; sampasyan–by considering; kartum–to act;arhasi–deserve.

TRANSLATION

Even kings like Janaka and others attained the perfectional stage by performance of prescribed duties. Therefore, just for the sake of educating the people in general, you should perform your work.

PURPORT

Kings like Janaka and others were all self-realized souls; consequently they had no obligation to perform the prescribed duties in the Vedas. Nonetheless they performed all prescribed activities just to set examples for the people in general. Janaka was the father of Sita, and father-in-law of Lord Sri Rama. Being a great devotee of the Lord, he was transcendentally situated, but because he was the king of Mithila (a subdivision of Bihar province in India), he had to teach his subjects how to fight righteously in battle. He and his subjects fought to teach people in general that violence is also necessary in a situation where good arguments fail. Before the Battle of Kuruksetra, every effort was made to avoid the war, even by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but the other party was determined to fight. So for such a right cause, there is a necessity for fighting. Although one who is situated in Krsna consciousness may not have any interest in the world, he still works to teach the public how to live and how to act. Experienced persons in Krsna consciousness can act in such a way that others will follow, and this is explained in the following verse.

______________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 21

yad yad acarati sresthas 
tat tad evetaro janah 
sa yat pramanam kurute 
lokas tad anuvartate

SYNONYMS

yat–whatever; yat–and whichever; acarati–does he act;sresthah–a respectable leader; tat–that; tat–and that alone; eva–certainly; itarah–common; janah–person; sah–he; yat–whichever;pramanam–evidence; kurute–does perform; lokah–all the world;tat–that; anuvartate–follow in the footsteps.

TRANSLATION

Whatever action is performed by a great man, common men follow in his footsteps. And whatever standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues.

PURPORT

People in general always require a leader who can teach the public by practical behavior. A leader cannot teach the public to stop smoking if he himself smokes. Lord Caitanya said that a teacher should behave properly even before he begins teaching. One who teaches in that way is called acarya, or the ideal teacher. Therefore, a teacher must follow the principles of sastra (scripture) to reach the common man. The teacher cannot manufacture rules against the principles of revealed scriptures. The revealed scriptures, like Manu-samhita and similar others, are considered the standard books to be followed by human society. Thus the leader’s teaching should be based on the principles of the standard rules as they are practiced by the great teachers. The Srimad-Bhagavatam also affirms that one should follow in the footsteps of great devotees, and that is the way of progress on the path of spiritual realization. The king or the executive head of a state, the father and the school teacher are all considered to be natural leaders of the innocent people in general. All such natural leaders have a great responsibility to their dependents; therefore they must be conversant with standard books of moral and spiritual codes.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 22

na me parthasti kartavyam 
trisu lokesu kincana 
nanavaptam avaptavyam 
varta eva ca karmani

SYNONYMS

na–not; me–Mine; partha–O son of Prtha; asti–there is;kartavyam–any prescribed duty; trisu–in the three; lokesu–planetary systems; kincana–anything; na–no; anavaptam–in want;avaptavyam–to be gained; varte–engaged; eva–certainly; ca–also;karmani–in one’s prescribed duty.

TRANSLATION

O son of Prtha, there is no work prescribed for Me within all the three planetary systems. Nor am I in want of anything, nor have I need to obtain anything–and yet I am engaged in work.

PURPORT

The Supreme Personality of Godhead is described in the Vedic literatures as follows:
tam isvaranam paramam mahesvaram 
tam devatanam paramam ca daivatam 
patim patinam paramam parastad 
vidama devam bhuvanesam idyam
na tasya karyam karanam ca vidyate 
na tat-samas cabhyadhikas ca drsyate 
parasya saktir vividhaiva sruyate 
svabhaviki jnana-bala-kriya ca

“The Supreme Lord is the controller of all other controllers, and He is the greatest of all the diverse planetary leaders. Everyone is under His control. All entities are delegated with particular power only by the Supreme Lord; they are not supreme themselves. He is also worshipable by all demigods and is the supreme director of all directors. Therefore, He is transcendental to all kinds of material leaders and controllers and is worshipable by all. There is no one greater than Him, and He is the supreme cause of all causes. 
“He does not possess bodily form like that of an ordinary living entity. There is no difference between His body and His soul. He is absolute. All His senses are transcendental. Any one of His senses can perform the action of any other sense. Therefore, no one is greater than Him or equal to Him. His potencies are multifarious, and thus His deeds are automatically performed as a natural sequence.” (Svetasvatara Upanisad 6.7-8) 
Since everything is in full opulence in the Personality of Godhead and is existing in full truth, there is no duty for the Supreme Personality of Godhead to perform. One who must receive the results of work has some designated duty, but one who has nothing to achieve within the three planetary systems certainly has no duty. And yet Lord Krsna is engaged on the Battlefield of Kuruksetra as the leader of the ksatriyasbecause the ksatriyas are duty-bound to give protection to the distressed. Although He is above all the regulations of the revealed scriptures, He does not do anything that violates the revealed scriptures.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 23

yadi hy aham na varteyam 
jatu karmany atandritah 
mama vartmanuvartante 
manusyah partha sarvasah

SYNONYMS

yadi–if; hi–certainly; aham–I; na–do not; varteyam–thus engage; jatu–ever; karmani–in the performance of prescribed duties;atandritah–with great care; mama–My; vartma–path;anuvartante–would follow; manusyah–all men; partha–O son of Prtha; sarvasah–in all respects.

TRANSLATION

For, if I did not engage in work, O Partha, certainly all men would follow My path.

PURPORT

In order to keep the balance of social tranquility for progress in spiritual life, there are traditional family usages meant for every civilized man. Although such rules and regulations are for the conditioned souls and not Lord Krsna, because He descended to establish the principles of religion, He followed the prescribed rules. Otherwise, common men would follow in His footsteps, because He is the greatest authority. From the Srimad-Bhagavatam it is understood that Lord Krsna was performing all the religious duties at home and out of home, as required of a householder.

______________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 24

utsideyur ime loka 
na kuryam karma ced aham 
sankarasya ca karta syam 
upahanyam imah prajah

SYNONYMS

utsideyuh–put into ruin; ime–all these; lokah–worlds; na–do not;kuryam–perform; karma–prescribed duties; cet–if; aham–I;sankarasya–of unwanted population; ca–and; karta–creator; syam–shall be; upahanyam–destroy; imah–all these; prajah–living entities.

TRANSLATION

If I should cease to work, then all these worlds would be put to ruination. I would also be the cause of creating unwanted population, and I would thereby destroy the peace of all sentient beings.

PURPORT

Varna-sankara is unwanted population which disturbs the peace of the general society. In order to check this social disturbance, there are prescribed rules and regulations by which the population can automatically become peaceful and organized for spiritual progress in life. When Lord Krsna descends, naturally He deals with such rules and regulations in order to maintain the prestige and necessity of such important performances. The Lord is the father of all living entities, and if the living entities are misguided, indirectly the responsibility goes to the Lord. Therefore, whenever there is general disregard of regulative principles, the Lord Himself descends and corrects the society. We should, however, note carefully that although we have to follow in the footsteps of the Lord, we still have to remember that we cannot imitate Him. Following and imitating are not on the same level. We cannot imitate the Lord by lifting Govardhana Hill, as the Lord did in His childhood. It is impossible for any human being. We have to follow His instructions, but we may not imitate Him at any time. The Srimad-Bhagavatam affirms:
naitat samacarej jatu 
manasapi hy anisvarah 
vinasyaty acaran maudhyad 
yatha ‘rudro ‘bdhi-jam visam
isvaranam vacah satyam 
tathaivacaritam kvacit 
tesam yat sva-vaco-yuktam 
buddhimams tat samacaret

“One should simply follow the instructions of the Lord and His empowered servants. Their instructions are all good for us, and any intelligent person will perform them as instructed. However, one should guard against trying to imitate their actions. One should not try to drink the ocean of poison in imitation of Lord Siva.” (Bhag. 10.33.30) 
We should always consider the position of the isvaras, or those who can actually control the movements of the sun and moon, as superior. Without such power, one cannot imitate the isvaras, who are superpowerful. Lord Siva drank poison to the extent of swallowing an ocean, but if any common man tries to drink even a fragment of such poison, he will be killed. There are many pseudo-devotees of Lord Siva who want to indulge in smoking ganja (marijuana) and similar intoxicating drugs, forgetting that by so imitating the acts of Lord Siva they are calling death very near. Similarly, there are some pseudo-devotees of Lord Krsna who prefer to imitate the Lord in His rasa-lila,or dance of love, forgetting their inability to lift Govardhana Hill. It is best, therefore, that one not try to imitate the powerful, but simply follow their instructions; nor should one try to occupy their posts without qualification. There are so many “incarnations” of God without the power of the Supreme Godhead.

________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 25

saktah karmany avidvamso 
yatha kurvanti bharata 
kuryad vidvams tathasaktas 
cikirsur loka-sangraham

SYNONYMS

saktah–being attached; karmani–prescribed duties; avidvamsah–the ignorant; yatha–as much as; kurvanti–do it; bharata–O descendant of Bharata; kuryat–must do; vidvan–the learned; tatha–thus; asaktah–without attachment; cikirsuh–desiring to; loka-sangraham–leading the people in general.

TRANSLATION

As the ignorant perform their duties with attachment to results, similarly the learned may also act, but without attachment, for the sake of leading people on the right path.

PURPORT

A person in Krsna consciousness and a person not in Krsna consciousness are differentiated by different desires. A Krsna conscious person does not do anything which is not conducive to development of Krsna consciousness. He may even act exactly like the ignorant person, who is too much attached to material activities, but one is engaged in such activities for the satisfaction of his sense gratification, whereas the other is engaged for the satisfaction of Krsna. Therefore, the Krsna conscious person is required to show the people how to act and how to engage the results of action for the purpose of Krsna consciousness.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 26

na buddhi-bhedam janayed 
ajnanam karma-sanginam 
josayet sarva-karmani 
vidvan yuktah samacaran

SYNONYMS

na–do not; buddhi-bhedam–disrupt the intelligence; janayet–do;ajnanam–of the foolish; karma-sanginam–attached to fruitive work;josayet–dovetailed; sarva–all; karmani–work; vidvan–learned;yuktah–all engaged; samacaran–practicing.

TRANSLATION

Let not the wise disrupt the minds of the ignorant who are attached to fruitive action, they should not be encouraged to refrain from work, but to engage in work in the spirit of devotion.

PURPORT

Vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyah: That is the end of all Vedic rituals. All rituals, all performances of sacrifices, and everything that is put into the Vedas, including all direction for material activities, are meant for understanding Krsna, who is the ultimate goal of life. But because the conditioned souls do not know anything beyond sense gratification, they study the Vedas to that end. Through sense regulations, however, one is gradually elevated to Krsna consciousness. Therefore a realized soul in Krsna consciousness should not disturb others in their activities or understanding, but he should act by showing how the results of all work can be dedicated to the service of Krsna. The learned Krsna conscious person may act in such a way that the ignorant person working for sense gratification may learn how to act and how to behave. Although the ignorant man is not to be disturbed in his activities, still, a slightly developed Krsna conscious person may directly be engaged in the service of the Lord without waiting for other Vedic formulas. For this fortunate man there is no need to follow the Vedic rituals, because in direct Krsna consciousness one can have all the results simply by following the prescribed duties of a particular person.

________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 27

prakrteh kriyamanani 
gunaih karmani sarvasah 
ahankara-vimudhatma 
kartaham iti manyate

SYNONYMS

prakrteh–of material nature; kriyamanani–all being done;gunaih–by the modes; karmani–activities; sarvasah–all kinds of;ahankara-vimudha–bewildered by false ego; atma–the spirit soul;karta–doer; aham–I; iti–thus; manyate–thinks.

TRANSLATION

The bewildered spirit soul, under the influence of the three modes of material nature, thinks himself to be the doer of activities, which are in actuality carried out by nature.

PURPORT

Two persons, one in Krsna consciousness and the other in material consciousness, working on the same level, may appear to be working on the same platform, but there is a wide gulf of difference in their respective positions. The person in material consciousness is convinced by false ego that he is the doer of everything. He does not know that the mechanism of the body is produced by material nature, which works under the supervision of the Supreme Lord. The materialistic person has no knowledge that ultimately he is under the control of Krsna. The person in false ego takes all credit for doing everything independently, and that is the symptom of his nescience. He does not know that this gross and subtle body is the creation of material nature, under the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and as such his bodily and mental activities should be engaged in the service of Krsna, in Krsna consciousness. The ignorant man forgets that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is known as Hrsikesa, or the master of the senses of the material body, for due to his long misuse of the senses in sense gratification, he is factually bewildered by the false ego, which makes him forget his eternal relationship with Krsna.

________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 28

tattva-vit tu maha-baho 
guna-karma-vibhagayoh 
guna gunesu vartanta 
iti matva na sajjate

SYNONYMS

tattva-vit–the knower of the Absolute Truth; tu–but; maha-baho–O mighty-armed one; guna-karma–works under material influence;vibhagayoh–differences; gunah–senses; gunesu–in sense gratification; vartante–being engaged; iti–thus; matva–thinking; na–never; sajjate–becomes attached.

TRANSLATION

One who is in knowledge of the Absolute Truth, O mighty-armed, does not engage himself in the senses and sense gratification, knowing well the differences between work in devotion and work for fruitive results.

PURPORT

The knower of the Absolute Truth is convinced of his awkward position in material association. He knows that he is part and parcel of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, and that his position should not be in the material creation. He knows his real identity as part and parcel of the Supreme, who is eternal bliss and knowledge, and he realizes that somehow or other he is entrapped in the material conception of life. In his pure state of existence he is meant to dovetail his activities in devotional service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna. He therefore engages himself in the activities of Krsna consciousness and becomes naturally unattached to the activities of the material senses, which are all circumstantial and temporary. He knows that his material condition of life is under the supreme control of the Lord; consequently he is not disturbed by all kinds of material reactions, which he considers to be the mercy of the Lord. According to Srimad-Bhagavatam, one who knows the Absolute Truth in three different features–namely Brahman, Paramatma, and the Supreme Personality of Godhead–is called tattva-vit, for he knows also his own factual position in relationship with the Supreme.

_______________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 29

prakrter guna-sammudhah 
sajjante guna-karmasu 
tan akrtsna-vido mandan 
krtsna-vin na vicalayet

SYNONYMS

prakrteh–impelled by the material modes; guna-sammudhah–befooled by material identification; sajjante–become engaged; guna-karmasu–in material activities; tan–all those; akrtsna-vidah–persons with a poor fund of knowledge; mandan–lazy to understand self-realization; krtsna-vit–one who is in factual knowledge; na–may not;vicalayet–try to agitate.

TRANSLATION

Bewildered by the modes of material nature, the ignorant fully engage themselves in material activities and become attached. But the wise should not unsettle them, although these duties are inferior due to the performers’ lack of knowledge.

PURPORT

Persons who are unknowledgeable falsely identify with gross material consciousness and are full of material designations. This body is a gift of the material nature, and one who is too much attached to the bodily consciousness is called mandan, or a lazy person without understanding of spirit soul. Ignorant men think of the body as the self; bodily connections with others are accepted as kinsmanship; the land in which the body is obtained is the object of worship; and the formalities of religious rituals are considered ends in themselves. Social work, nationalism, and altruism are some of the activities for such materially designated persons. Under the spell of such designations, they are always busy in the material field; for them spiritual realization is a myth, and so they are not interested. Such bewildered persons may even be engaged in such primary moral principles of life as nonviolence and similar materially benevolent work. Those who are, however, enlightened in spiritual life, should not try to agitate such materially engrossed persons. Better to prosecute one’s own spiritual activities silently. 
Men who are ignorant cannot appreciate activities in Krsna consciousness, and therefore Lord Krsna advises us not to disturb them and simply waste valuable time. But the devotees of the Lord are more kind than the Lord because they understand the purpose of the Lord. Consequently they undertake all kinds of risks, even to the point of approaching ignorant men to try to engage them in the acts of Krsna consciousness, which are absolutely necessary for the human being.

____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 30

mayi sarvani karmani 
sannyasyadhyatma-cetasa 
nirasir nirmamo bhutva 
yudhyasva vigata-jvarah

SYNONYMS

mayi–unto Me; sarvani–all sorts of; karmani–activities;sannyasya–giving up completely; adhyatma–with full knowledge of the self; cetasa–consciousness; nirasih–without desire for profit;nirmamah–without ownership; bhutva–so being; yudhyasva–fight;vigata-jvarah–without being lethargic.

TRANSLATION

Therefore, O Arjuna, surrendering all your works unto Me, with mind intent on Me, and without desire for gain and free from egoism and lethargy, fight.

PURPORT

This verse clearly indicates the purpose of the Bhagavad-gita. The Lord instructs that one has to become fully Krsna conscious to discharge duties, as if in military discipline. Such an injunction may make things a little difficult; nevertheless duties must be carried out, with dependence on Krsna, because that is the constitutional position of the living entity. The living entity cannot be happy independent of the cooperation of the Supreme Lord because the eternal constitutional position of the living entity is to become subordinate to the desires of the Lord. Arjuna was, therefore, ordered by Sri Krsna to fight as if the Lord were his military commander. One has to sacrifice everything for the good will of the Supreme Lord, and at the same time discharge prescribed duties without claiming proprietorship. Arjuna did not have to consider the order of the Lord; he had only to execute His order. The Supreme Lord is the soul of all souls; therefore, one who depends solely and wholly on the Supreme Soul without personal consideration, or in other words, one who is fully Krsna conscious, is called adhyatma-cetasa. Nirasih means that one has to act on the order of the master. Nor should one ever expect fruitive results. The cashier may count millions of dollars for his employer, but he does not claim a cent for himself. Similarly, one has to realize that nothing in the world belongs to any individual person, but that everything belongs to the Supreme Lord. That is the real purport of mayi, or unto Me. And when one acts in such Krsna consciousness, certainly he does not claim proprietorship over anything. This consciousness is called nirmama, or nothing is mine. And, if there is any reluctance to execute such a stern order which is without consideration of so-called kinsmen in the bodily relationship, that reluctance should be thrown off; in this way one may become vigata-jvara or without feverish mentality or lethargy. Everyone, according to his quality and position, has a particular type of work to discharge, and all such duties may be discharged in Krsna consciousness, as described above. That will lead one to the path of liberation.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 31

ye me matam idam nityam 
anutisthanti manavah 
sraddhavanto ‘nasuyanto 
mucyante te ‘pi karmabhih

SYNONYMS

ye–those; me–My; matam–injunctions; idam–this; nityam–eternal function; anutisthanti–execute regularly; manavah–humankind; sraddha-vantah–with faith and devotion; anasuyantah–without envy; mucyante–become free; te–all of them; api–even;karmabhih–from the bondage of the law of fruitive action.

TRANSLATION

One who executes his duties according to My injunctions and who follows this teaching faithfully, without envy, becomes free from the bondage of fruitive actions.

PURPORT

The injunction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, is the essence of all Vedic wisdom, and therefore is eternally true without exception. As the Vedas are eternal, so this truth of Krsna consciousness is also eternal. One should have firm faith in this injunction, without envying the Lord. There are many philosophers who write comments on the Bhagavad-gita but have no faith in Krsna. They will never be liberated from the bondage of fruitive action. But an ordinary man with firm faith in the eternal injunctions of the Lord, even though unable to execute such orders, becomes liberated from the bondage of the law of karma. In the beginning of Krsna consciousness, one may not fully discharge the injunctions of the Lord, but because one is not resentful of this principle and works sincerely without consideration of defeat and hopelessness, he will surely be promoted to the stage of pure Krsna consciousness.

____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 32

ye tv etad abhyasuyanto 
nanutisthanti me matam 
sarva-jnana-vimudhams tan 
viddhi nastan acetasah

SYNONYMS

ye–those; tu–however; etat–this; abhyasuyantah–out of envy;na–do not; anutisthanti–regularly perform; me–My; matam–injunction; sarva-jnana–all sorts of knowledge; vimudhan–perfectly befooled; tan–they are; viddhi–know it well; nastan–all ruined;acetasah–without Krsna consciousness.

TRANSLATION

But those who, out of envy, disregard these teachings and do not practice them regularly, are to be considered bereft of all knowledge, befooled, and doomed to ignorance and bondage.

PURPORT

The flaw of not being Krsna conscious is clearly stated herein. As there is punishment for disobedience to the order of the supreme executive head, so there is certainly punishment for the disobedience of the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. A disobedient person, however great he may be, is ignorant of his own self, of the Supreme Brahman, and Paramatma and the Personality of Godhead, due to a vacant heart. Therefore there is no hope of perfection of life for him.

_________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 33

sadrsam cestate svasyah 
prakrter jnanavan api 
prakrtim yanti bhutani 
nigrahah kim karisyati

SYNONYMS

sadrsam–accordingly; cestate–tries; svasyah–in one’s own nature; prakrteh–modes; jnana-van–learned; api–although;prakrtim–nature; yanti–undergo; bhutani–all living entities;nigrahah–suppression; kim–what; karisyati–can do.

TRANSLATION

Even a man of knowledge acts according to his own nature, for everyone follows his nature. What can repression accomplish?

PURPORT

Unless one is situated on the transcendental platform of Krsna consciousness, he cannot get free from the influence of the modes of material nature, as it is confirmed by the Lord in the Seventh Chapter(7.14). Therefore, even for the most highly educated person on the mundane plane, it is impossible to get out of the entanglement of mayasimply by theoretical knowledge, or by separating the soul from the body. There are many so-called spiritualists who outwardly pose to be advanced in the science, but inwardly or privately are completely under the particular modes of nature which they are unable to surpass. Academically, one may be very learned, but because of his long association with material nature, he is in bondage. Krsna consciousness helps one to get out of the material entanglement, even though one may be engaged in his prescribed duties. Therefore, without being fully in Krsna consciousness, no one should suddenly give up his prescribed duties and become a so-called yogi or transcendentalist artificially. It is better to be situated in one’s position and try to attain Krsna consciousness under superior training. Thus one may be freed from the clutches of maya.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 34

indriyasyendriyasyarthe 
raga-dvesau vyavasthitau 
tayor na vasam agacchet 
tau hy asya paripanthinau

SYNONYMS

indriyasya–of the senses; indriyasya arthe–in the sense objects;raga–attachment; dvesau–also detachment; vyavasthitau–put under regulations; tayoh–of them; na–never; vasam–control; agacchet–one should come; tau–those; hi–certainly; asya–his; paripanthinau–stumbling blocks.

TRANSLATION

Attraction and repulsion for sense objects are felt by embodied beings, but one should not fall under the control of senses and sense objects because they are stumbling blocks on the path of self-realization.

PURPORT

Those who are in Krsna consciousness are naturally reluctant to engage in material sense gratification. But those who are not in such consciousness should follow the rules and regulations of the revealed scriptures. Unrestricted sense enjoyment is the cause of material encagement, but one who follows the rules and regulations of the revealed scriptures does not become entangled by the sense objects. These propensities are to be curbed; otherwise they will be stumbling blocks on the path of self-realization. As long as the material body is there, the necessities of the material body are allowed, but under rules and regulations. And yet, we should not rely upon the control of such allowances. One has to follow those rules and regulations, unattached to them, because practice of sense gratification under regulations may also lead one to go astray–as much as there is always the chance of an accident, even on the royal roads. Although they may be very carefully maintained, no one can guarantee that there will be no danger even on the safest road. The sense enjoyment spirit has been current a very long, long time, owing to material association. Therefore, in spite of regulated sense enjoyment, there is every chance of falling down; therefore any attachment for regulated sense enjoyment must also be avoided by all means. But action in the loving service of Krsna detaches one from all kinds of sensory activities. Therefore, no one should try to be detached from Krsna consciousness at any stage of life. The whole purpose of detachment from all kinds of sense attachment is ultimately to become situated on the platform of Krsna consciousness.

_________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 35

sreyan sva-dharmo vigunah 
para-dharmat svanusthitat 
sva-dharme nidhanam sreyah 
para-dharmo bhayavahah

SYNONYMS

sreyan–far better; sva-dharmah–one’s prescribed duties;vigunah–even faulty; para-dharmat–from duties mentioned for others; svanusthitat–than perfectly done; sva-dharme–in one’s prescribed duties; nidhanam–destruction; sreyah–better; para-dharmah–duties prescribed for others; bhaya-avahah–dangerous.

TRANSLATION

It is far better to discharge one’s prescribed duties, even though they may be faultily, than another’s duties. Destruction in the course of performing one’s own duty is better than engaging in another’s duties, for to follow another’s path is dangerous.

PURPORT

One should therefore discharge his prescribed duties in full Krsna consciousness rather than those prescribed for others. Prescribed duties complement one’s psychophysical condition, under the spell of the modes of material nature. Spiritual duties are as ordered by the spiritual master, for the transcendental service of Krsna. But both materially or spiritually, one should stick to his prescribed duties even up to death, rather than imitate another’s prescribed duties. Duties on the spiritual platform and duties on the material platform may be different, but the principle of following the authorized direction is always good for the performer. When one is under the spell of the modes of material nature, one should follow the prescribed rules for particular situations and should not imitate others. For example, a brahmana, who is in the mode of goodness, is nonviolent, whereas a ksatriya, who is in the mode of passion, is allowed to be violent. As such, for a ksatriya it is better to be vanquished following the rules of violence than to imitate abrahmana who follows the principles of nonviolence. Everyone has to cleanse his heart by a gradual process, not abruptly. However, when one transcends the modes of material nature and is fully situated in Krsna consciousness, he can perform anything and everything under the direction of the bona fide spiritual master. In that complete stage of Krsna consciousness, the ksatriya may act as a brahmana, or abrahmana may act as a ksatriya. In the transcendental stage, the distinctions of the material world do not apply. For example, Visvamitra was originally a ksatriya, but later on he acted as a brahmana, whereas Parasurama was a brahmana, but later on he acted as a ksatriya.Being transcendentally situated, they could do so; but as long as one is on the material platform, he must perform his duties according to the modes of material nature. At the same time, he must have a full sense of Krsna consciousness.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 36

arjuna uvaca 
atha kena prayukto ‘yam 
papam carati purusah 
anicchann api varsneya 
balad iva niyojitah

SYNONYMS

arjunah uvaca–Arjuna said; atha–hereafter; kena–by what;prayuktah–impelled; ayam–one; papam–sins; carati–acts;purusah–a man; anicchan–without desiring; api–although; varsneya–O descendant of Vrsni; balat–by force; iva–as if; niyojitah–engaged.

TRANSLATION

Arjuna said: O descendant of Vrsni, by what is one impelled to sinful acts, even unwillingly, as if engaged by force?

PURPORT

A living entity, as part and parcel of the Supreme, is originally spiritual, pure, and free from all material contaminations. Therefore, by nature he is not subjected to the sins of the material world. But when he is in contact with the material nature, he acts in many sinful ways without hesitation, and sometimes even against his will. As such, Arjuna’s question to Krsna is very sanguine, as to the perverted nature of the living entities. Although the living entity sometimes does not want to act in sin, he is still forced to act. Sinful actions are not, however, impelled by the Supersoul within, but are due to another cause, as the Lord explains in the next verse.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 37

sri-bhagavan uvaca 
kama esa krodha esa 
rajo-guna-samudbhavah 
mahasano maha-papma 
viddhy enam iha vairinam

SYNONYMS

sri-bhagavan uvaca–the Personality of Godhead said; kamah–lust; esah–all these; krodhah–wrath; esah–all these; rajah-guna–the mode of passion; samudbhavah–born of; maha-asanah–all-devouring; maha-papma–greatly sinful; viddhi–know; enam–this;iha–in the material world; vairinam–greatest enemy.

TRANSLATION

The Blessed Lord said: It is lust only, Arjuna, which is born of contact with the material modes of passion and later transformed into wrath, and which is the all-devouring, sinful enemy of this world.

PURPORT

When a living entity comes in contact with the material creation, his eternal love for Krsna is transformed into lust, in association with the mode of passion. Or, in other words, the sense of love of God becomes transformed into lust, as milk in contact with sour tamarind is transformed into yogurt. Then again, when lust is unsatisfied, it turns into wrath; wrath is transformed into illusion, and illusion continues the material existence. Therefore, lust is the greatest enemy of the living entity, and it is lust only which induces the pure living entity to remain entangled in the material world. Wrath is the manifestation of the mode of ignorance; these modes exhibit themselves as wrath and other corollaries. If, therefore, the modes of passion, instead of being degraded into the modes of ignorance, are elevated to the modes of goodness by the prescribed method of living and acting, then one can be saved from the degradation of wrath by spiritual attachment. 
The Supreme Personality of Godhead expanded Himself into many for His ever-increasing spiritual bliss, and the living entities are parts and parcels of this spiritual bliss. They also have partial independence, but by misuse of their independence, when the service attitude is transformed into the propensity for sense enjoyment, they come under the sway of lust. This material creation is created by the Lord to give a facility to the conditioned souls to fulfill these lustful propensities, and when they are completely baffled by prolonged lustful activities, the living entities begin to inquire about their real position. 

This inquiry is the beginning of the Vedanta-sutras, wherein it is said, athato brahma-jijnasa: one should inquire into the Supreme. And the Supreme is defined in Srimad-Bhagavatam as janmady asya yato ‘nvayad itaratas ca, or, “The origin of everything is the Supreme Brahman.” Therefore, the origin of lust is also in the Supreme. If, therefore, lust is transformed into love for the Supreme, or transformed into Krsna consciousness–or, in other words, desiring everything for Krsna–then both lust and wrath can be spiritualized. Hanuman, the great servitor of Lord Rama, engaged his wrath upon his enemies for the satisfaction of the Lord. Therefore, lust and wrath, when they are employed in Krsna consciousness, become our friends instead of our enemies.

____________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 38

dhumenavriyate vahnir 
yathadarso malena ca 
yatholbenavrto garbhas 
tatha tenedam avrtam

SYNONYMS

dhumena–by smoke; avriyate–covered; vahnih–fire; yatha–just as; adarsah–mirror; malena–by dust; ca–also; yatha–just as;ulbena–by the womb; avrtah–is covered; garbhah–embryo; tatha–so; tena–by that lust; idam–this; avrtam–is covered.

TRANSLATION

As fire is covered by smoke, as a mirror is covered by dust, or as the embryo is covered by the womb, similarly, the living entity is covered by different degrees of this lust.

PURPORT

There are three degrees of covering of the living entity by which his pure consciousness is obscured. This covering is but lust under different manifestations like smoke in the fire, dust on the mirror, and the womb about the embryo. When lust is compared to smoke, it is understood that the fire of the living spark can be a little perceived. In other words, when the living entity exhibits his Krsna consciousness slightly, he may be likened to the fire covered by smoke. Although fire is necessary where there is smoke, there is no overt manifestation of fire in the early stage. This stage is like the beginning of Krsna consciousness. The dust on the mirror refers to a cleansing process of the mirror of the mind by so many spiritual methods. The best process is to chant the holy names of the Lord. The embryo covered by the womb is an analogy illustrating a helpless position, for the child in the womb is so helpless that he cannot even move. This stage of living condition can be compared to that of the trees. The trees are also living entities, but they have been put in such a condition of life by such a great exhibition of lust that they are almost void of all consciousness. The covered mirror is compared to the birds and beasts, and the smoke covered fire is compared to the human being. In the form of a human being, the living entity may revive a little Krsna consciousness, and, if he makes further development, the fire of spiritual life can be kindled in the human form of life. By careful handling of the smoke in the fire, the fire can be made to blaze. Therefore the human form of life is a chance for the living entity to escape the entanglement of material existence. In the human form of life, one can conquer the enemy, lust, by cultivation of Krsna consciousness under able guidance.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 39

avrtam jnanam etena 
jnanino nitya-vairina 
kama-rupena kaunteya 
duspurenanalena ca

SYNONYMS

avrtam–covered; jnanam–pure consciousness; etena–by this;jnaninah–of the knower; nitya-vairina–eternal enemy; kama-rupena–in the form of lust; kaunteya–O son of Kunti; duspurena–never to be satisfied; analena–by the fire; ca–also.

TRANSLATION

Thus, a man’s pure consciousness is covered by his eternal enemy in the form of Desire, which is never satisfied and which burns like fire.

__________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 40

indriyani mano buddhir 
asyadhisthanam ucyate 
etair vimohayaty esa 
jnanam avrtya dehinam

SYNONYMS

indriyani–the senses; manah–the mind; buddhih–the intelligence;asya–of the lust; adhisthanam–sitting place; ucyate–called; etaih–by all these; vimohayati–bewilders; esah–of this; jnanam–knowledge; avrtya–covering; dehinam–the embodied.

TRANSLATION

The senses, the mind and the intelligence are the sitting places of this lust, which veils the real knowledge of the living entity and bewilders him.

PURPORT

The enemy has captured different strategic positions in the body of the conditioned soul, and therefore Lord Krsna is giving hints of those places, so that one who wants to conquer the enemy may know where he can be found. Mind is the center of all the activities of the senses, and thus the mind is the reservoir of all ideas of sense gratification; and, as a result, the mind and the senses become the repositories of lust. Next, the intelligence department becomes the capital of such lustful propensities. Intelligence is the immediate next-door neighbor of the spirit soul. Lusty intelligence influences the spirit soul to acquire the false ego and identify itself with matter, and thus with the mind and senses. The spirit soul becomes addicted to enjoying the material senses and mistakes this as true happiness. This false identification of the spirit soul is very nicely explained in the Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.84.13):
yasyatma-buddhih kunape tri-dhatuke 
sva-dhih kalatradisu bhauma ijya-dhih 
yat-tirtha-buddhih salile na karhicij 
janesv abhijnesu sa eva go-kharah

“A human being who identifies this body made of three elements with his self, who considers the by-products of the body to be his kinsmen, who considers the land of birth as worshipable, and who goes to the place of pilgrimage simply to take a bath rather than meet men of transcendental knowledge there, is to be considered as an ass or a cow.”

______________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 41

tasmat tvam indriyany adau 
niyamya bharatarsabha 
papmanam prajahi hy enam 
jnana-vijnana-nasanam

SYNONYMS

tasmat–therefore; tvam–you; indriyani–senses; adau–in the beginning; niyamya–by regulating; bharata-rsabha–O chief amongst the descendants of Bharata; papmanam–the great symbol of sin;prajahi–curb; hi–certainly; enam–this; jnana–knowledge; vijnana–scientific knowledge of the pure soul; nasanam–the destroyer.

TRANSLATION

Therefore, O Arjuna, best of the Bharatas, in the very beginning curb this great symbol of sin [lust] by regulating the senses, and slay this destroyer of knowledge and self-realization.

PURPORT

The Lord advised Arjuna to regulate the senses from the very beginning so that he could curb the greatest sinful enemy, lust, which destroys the urge for self-realization, and specifically, knowledge of the self. Jnanam refers to knowledge of self as distinguished from non-self, or, in other words, knowledge that the spirit soul is not the body.Vijnanam refers to specific knowledge of the spirit soul and knowledge of one’s constitutional position and his relationship to the Supreme Soul. It is explained thus in the Srimad-Bhagavatam: jnanam parama-guhyam me yad vijnana-samanvitam/sa-rahasyam tad-angam ca grhana gaditam maya: “The knowledge of the self and the Supreme Self is very confidential and mysterious, being veiled by maya, but such knowledge and specific realization can be understood if it is explained by the Lord Himself.” Bhagavad-gita gives us that knowledge, specifically knowledge of the self. The living entities are parts and parcels of the Lord, and therefore they are simply meant to serve the Lord. This consciousness is called Krsna consciousness. So, from the very beginning of life one has to learn this Krsna consciousness, and thereby one may become fully Krsna conscious and act accordingly. 
Lust is only the perverted reflection of the love of God which is natural for every living entity. But if one is educated in Krsna consciousness from the very beginning, that natural love of God cannot deteriorate into lust. When love of God deteriorates into lust, it is very difficult to return to the normal condition. Nonetheless, Krsna consciousness is so powerful that even a late beginner can become a lover of God by following the regulative principles of devotional service. So, from any stage of life, or from the time of understanding its urgency, one can begin regulating the senses in Krsna consciousness, devotional service of the Lord, and turn the lust into love of Godhead–the highest perfectional stage of human life.

___________________________

Chapter 3. Karma-yoga

TEXT 42

indriyani parany ahur 
indriyebhyah param manah 
manasas tu para buddhir 
yo buddheh paratas tu sah

SYNONYMS

indriyani–senses; parani–superior; ahuh–is said; indriyebhyah–more than the senses; param–superior; manah–the mind; manasah–more than the mind; tu–also; para–superior; buddhih–intelligence;yah–one who; buddheh–more than the intelligence; paratah–superior; tu–but; sah–he.

TRANSLATION

The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence.

PURPORT

The senses are different outlets for the activities of lust. Lust is reserved within the body, but it is given vent through the senses. Therefore, the senses are superior to the body as a whole. These outlets are not in use when there is superior consciousness, or Krsna consciousness. In Krsna consciousness the soul makes direct connection with the Supreme Personality of Godhead; therefore the bodily functions, as described here, ultimately end in the Supreme Soul. Bodily action means the functions of the senses, and stopping the senses means stopping all bodily actions. But since the mind is active, then, even though the body may be silent and at rest, the mind will act–as it does during dreaming. But, above the mind there is the determination of the intelligence, and above the intelligence is the soul proper. If, therefore, the soul is directly engaged with the Supreme, naturally all other subordinates, namely, the intelligence, mind and the senses, will be automatically engaged. In the Katha Upanisad there is a passage in which it is said that the objects of sense gratification are superior to the senses, and mind is superior to the sense objects. If, therefore, the mind is directly engaged in the service of the Lord constantly, then there is no chance of the senses becoming engaged in other ways. This mental attitude has already been explained. If the mind is engaged in the transcendental service of the Lord, there is no chance of its being engaged in the lower propensities. In the Katha Upanisad the soul has been described as mahan, the great. Therefore the soul is above all–namely, the sense objects, the senses, the mind and the intelligence. Therefore, directly understanding the constitutional position of the soul is the solution of the whole problem. 
With intelligence one has to seek out the constitutional position of the soul and then engage the mind always in Krsna consciousness. That solves the whole problem. A neophyte spiritualist is generally advised to keep aloof from the objects of senses. One has to strengthen the mind by use of intelligence. If by intelligence one engages one’s mind in Krsna consciousness, by complete surrender unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then, automatically, the mind becomes stronger, and even though the senses are very strong, like serpents, they will be no more effective than serpents with broken fangs. But even though the soul is the master of intelligence and mind, and the senses also, still, unless it is strengthened by association with Krsna in Krsna consciousness, there is every chance of falling down due to the agitated mind.

_____________________________

Chapter 3. Transcendental Knowledge

TEXT 43

evam buddheh param buddhva 
samstabhyatmanam atmana 
jahi satrum maha-baho 
kama-rupam durasadam

SYNONYMS

evam–thus; buddheh–of intelligence; param–superior; buddhva–so knowing; samstabhya–by steadying; atmanam–of the mind;atmana–by deliberate intelligence; jahi–conquer; satrum–the enemy;maha-baho–O mighty-armed one; kama-rupam–the form of lust;durasadam–formidable.

TRANSLATION

Thus knowing oneself to be transcendental to material senses, mind and intelligence, one should control the lower self by the higher self and thus–by spiritual strength–conquer this insatiable enemy known as lust.

PURPORT

This Third Chapter of the Bhagavad-gita is conclusively directive to Krsna consciousness by knowing oneself as the eternal servitor of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without considering impersonal voidness as the ultimate end. In the material existence of life, one is certainly influenced by propensities for lust and desire for dominating the resources of material nature. Desire for overlording and sense gratification are the greatest enemies of the conditioned soul; but by the strength of Krsna consciousness, one can control the material senses, the mind and the intelligence. One may not give up work and prescribed duties all of a sudden; but by gradually developing Krsna consciousness, one can be situated in a transcendental position without being influenced by the material senses and the mind–by steady intelligence directed toward one’s pure identity. This is the sum total of this chapter. In the immature stage of material existence, philosophical speculations and artificial attempts to control the senses by the so-called practice of yogic postures can never help a man toward spiritual life. He must be trained in Krsna consciousness by higher intelligence.

Thus end the Bhaktivedanta Purports to the Third Chapter of theSrimad Bhagavad-gita in the matter of Karma-yoga, or the Discharge of One’s Prescribed Duty in Krsna Consciousness.