Vastu Vidya is a science of time and space. The knowledge of the science of building of houses, bridges, canals and all other types of constructions can be termed as Vastu Vidya.
Vastu is a science of Time and Space, just as Jyotisa is also a science of Time. While the approach of Vastu Sastra is scientific, the goal is always spiritual. The Smrti texts and the Puranas extended the scope of Vastu to include not only residential buildings but all constructions for private and public utility. The Garuda-Purana, for instance, takes the word vastu in the sense of building houses, hamlets and mansions, formation of townships, lying out of parks and gardens, construction of commercial streets, forts, temples and monasteries.
The Arthasastra adds to this list the building of dams and digging of tanks. Both these sources include the land on which the buildings and gardens are raised in the definition of Vastu.
The references in the Puranas and in the texts like the Arthasastra and the Sukranlti suggest the existence of the art or the science of building houses, palaces, bridges, canals, forts, dams, tanks, roads and parks. This was known as Vastu-vidya or Vastu-karma or Vastu-sastra. Occasionally, this discipline was called just Vastu,
Garuda Purana And, there are references to this art or science having been assiduously cultivated by a long line of wise sages and expert-engineers. The purana.for instance, provides a long list of eighteen experts who handed down this art in a traditional manner.
They are: Bhrigu, Atri, Vasistha, Visvakarma, Yama, Narada, Nagnajit, Visalaksa, Aniruddha, Sukra and Brihaspati. The text further says that in his first incarnation as Matsya delivered in brief this discipline to the first of mortals, Manu.
It may be noted that plans and measurements of buildings originated in the Sulba-sutras, which were supplementary treatises to the Kalpasutras. The Sulba-sutras pertain mainly to measurements and constructions of different kinds of altars. In the Vedic ideology, sacrificial altar is the representation in miniature of the entire universe; and is, therefore, extremely important. It must be properly planned, accurately measured and suitable located. Different sacrifices have their own appropriate altars.
Two very important aspects of Vastu Vidya are knowledge of the direction in which a building is oriented and also the determination of a direction which a building should face.
Sthapatya Veda is one of the forty areas of the Vedic Literature that details the laws of structuring, or laws of building, any structure so that structurally and functionally man’s creation is naturally in harmony with Nature’s creation—the creation of Natural Law.
This Vedic Science of Structuring, or Vedic Science of Building, which is Nature’s own system of structuring, or building, can be seen as the system of harmonizing individual life with Cosmic Life. Every humanly designed, man-made structure should conform to the Natural Laws of structuring if that structure is to be in harmony with the structure of the universe—the expression of Cosmic Intelligence.
The purpose of the Vedic Knowledge of Sthapatya Veda—Vastu Vidya—is to maintain individual life in harmony with Cosmic Life, and save the individual from being torn apart by the disharmonious influence of the surroundings he has created around him—his house, his village, his city, etc.
The science of Vedic Architecture is not only a matter of belief or faith; it is also a concrete as the burning nature of fire, and the cooling nature of ice.
‘People do not generally know that the orientation (north, south, east, west) of residential and office buildings contributes a great deal to success and progress in professional life; and to health, happiness, and fortune on the individual level.
A considerable amount of ill health, misfortune, and suffering can be eliminated by living and working in properly oriented homes and offices.’
Auspicious Time for Bhoomipuja, Vastu Shastra
There is a particular Auspicious Time for Bhoomipuja and Vastu Shastra mentions the days and specific moments .
Before commencing with the construction work on a newly purchased plot it is important to cleanse it. Unnecessary stones, rubble, earth mounds, pits and others should be removed. Thorny bushes and other trees also need to be uprooted without effecting the green and plesent nature.
If there are Babool (Gum Arabic tree) trees, they should be uprooted first. According to Vastu Shastra construction will be unnecessarily delayed if there is heaps of rubbish in the north-east or the south-east corners. Hence these should be removed at the earliest. In case this is not done it may result in scarcity of fund and unwanted troubles. If there is a pit at the centre or in the southeast corner or the south-west corner of the plot it should be immediately filled up otherwise the construction work will be delayed.
t is a necessity to worship the land before letting the construction work begins. if things, such as, bones and filthy rubbish, hair are found after digging the plot they should be removed at once. Baisakh, Shravan, Margshirsh and Falgun are the four months that are auspicious for the worship of the land.
There are certain rules to choose the auspicious moment. These are as follows:
If possible the auspicious moment should not coincide with the extra month (Adhik Mas), the zero month, the lunar month and sunset.
Tuesday, Saturday and Sunday should be avoided.
Monday and Thursday are very auspicious
The auspicious moment should not coincide with Hadpaksha, mourning period, Divaskarma and Shraadha ceremony. If the auspicious moment falls in Jaishth or Aashadh it will result in sickness or unnecessary increase in expenditure.
If the auspicious moment is selected in the Bhadrapad or Ashwin months, expenditure increases unnecessarily and the situation becomes tense for without any reason.
If the Bhumipuja takes place in the month of Kartik, Paush or Magh construction work will be delayed. There is also a possibility of theft. Some provoking incidents may take place.
If there is a conjunction of auspicious stars in the sky at this specific moment it will produce good results.
The worship of the land should be done in the east or the northeast corner of the plot at the opportune or the auspicious moment.
Beginning of Construction
First all the four directions should be marked before the construction work begins. Then the position of pits should be ascertained. The planning should be in the clock wise direction. Never start digging from the south-west direction. If it is done the owner will have to face a lot of difficulties. These problems may include delaying of the construction work, the workers remaining absent or they may be injured. It is always beneficial to dig a well before the actual construction.
The house warming ceremony is the first time entering ceremony into a newly built house in an auspicious moment.
Griha Pravesh is a ceremony performed on the occasion of one`s first entry into a new house or sometimes for a re-entry in an old house. Once the house is ready, the family moves in an auspicious day that is determined by the astrological charts. This Griha Pravesh is an old practiced ritual since the Vedic period.the gods and planets are symbolically invited to the newly built home and a puja is performed to appease gods so that they bless the house and its occupants. The puja is also conducted to keep away negative forces and is also marked as the thanksgiving ceremony to the gods and the ancestors for the boon of having a new house. During the Griha Pravesh the Muhurt or the auspicious moment is decided according to Panchang or Hindu almanac.
Three types of Griha Pravesh are conducted following the ancient Holy Scriptures:
APOORVA:- This is the first entry to a newly constructed house on a newly selected land. Apoorva means new Griha Pravesh.
SAPOORVA:- This is the entry into an already existing house after traveling abroad or migrating elsewhere.
DWANDWAH :-Entry into a house after its reconstruction or renovation consequent to damage due to fire, flood or earthquake is termed as Dwandwah or Old Griha Pravesh.
For Apoorva Griha Pravesh, the exact auspicious moment is required. For Sapoorva Griha Pravesh and Dwandwah Griha Pravesh, the purity of Panchang should be given due consideration. In a newly built house, the first entry is fortunate when the sun is in Uttarayan position and for old or renovated houses the Guru (Jupiter) or Shukra(Venus) is setting. The auspicious and inauspicious months according to the lunar calendar have an important impact on Griha Pravesh.
Griha Pravesh in Magh(part January and part February) symbolizes gain of wealth; Falgun (part February and part March) indicates gain of children and wealth; Baisakh (part April and part May) denotes growth of wealth and prosperity while Jeshtha (part May and part June) brings gain of son and cattle. These are all auspicious months. According to Panchang, the result of Griha Pravesh would be fair that is there will be no significant effect if it is done on Kartik(part October and part November) and Margshirsh (part November and part December). If the Griha Pravesh is done on inauspicious months the result can be negative like could lead to losses, pains, troubles and fear of enemies.The Ashadh(part June and part July), Bhadrapad (part August and part September), Ashwin (part September and part October) and Paush (part December and part January).
Furthermore according to Tithies or dates according to lunar calendar 4th, 9th and 14th of a month and Amavas(new moon night) should be avoided. It is also should be keep in mind that no Griha Pravesh is held on a Tuesday.
There are two main ceremonies in Griha Pravesh-Vastu Pooja and Vastu Shanti.
Vastu pooja is contucted outside the house before the actual entry to satiate Vastu Devata. A copper pot is filled with water, Navadhanya(nine kinds of grains) and a one rupee coin. A cocnut is then placed on top of the pot and it is covered with a red cloth, which in turn tied with the red thread called Moli After this the priest perform the pooja and the husband and wife, who are the owner of the house take the copper pot together into the house and place it near the Havan or ceremonial fire.
Vastu Shanti or Griha Shanti involves the Havan or Homa. A havan is performed to create a peaceful environment and to keep away all the negative forces and to prevent harmful influences of the planets.This is done with drawing a Mandala to invoke the god and nine planets, which act as witnesses to the ceremony. The next ritual is oblation to the Havan. Camphor, sesame, grain and fuel sticks, along with other ingredients are offered to fire or Agni which is supposed to convey them to the gods. The family must carry the Havan kunda to every room. The various herbal and medicinal ingredients in the smoke from Havan disinfect and purify the air within the house. The house is then encircled thrice with threads, starting from the east, which is considered as most auspicious side. At the same time, water is poured as continuous stream around the house. Both of these rituals signify the barrier around the house and protection of it from the evil influences. This is done along with chanting of the Rakshoghna Mantra and the Pavamana Mantra. Next a pit is dug in the southeast corner of the boundary of the house. The sides of the pit are fortified with cowdung paste and the pit is then worshipped. A brick box containing corn, moss and flowers are placed inside the pit, after which the pit is filled up. Since corn symbolizes fertility, this is believed to ensure prosperity.
Once all the pujas are done, a feast and some Dakshina are offered to the priest for his service and well wishes.
The Vastu Pooja and Vastu Shanti and Ganapati pooja are the three essential part of Griha Pravesh. The other Poojas done are Satyanarayan pooja or Lakshmi pooja, Devi puja or Bhagvathy Seva.
The Griha Pravesh is not complete until the doors of the houses are fitted with shutters, the roof is covered., the Vastu Devata is worshipped or offered sacrifice and the priest is offered some feast. The Griha Pravesh or House Warming ceremony should not be performed if the lady of the house is pregnant.This should be considered while entering a new house.
Once the Griha Pravesh ceremony is completed, the family can move into the house. The newly built house should not be locked for that day, as that is considered inauspicious. The holy water is sprinkled all over the house. Finally the guests are served food as Atithi Narayana ‘Guest Is God’.
After all the Puja ae done the family specialy the head of the family, is recommended to spent the night in the house in which ,because if the house is left vaccant on the Griha pravesh day & night is considered very unauspicious and bad omen.
The family must have their dinner (Satvic Bhojan) veg food & go to bed with a happy and pleasant mind.
The family must pray for the blessing of their Gurudev, Gods and their Parents & ekders .