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    The institution's main objective is to promote and spread the principles of Sanatana Dharma, the Hindu religion among the general public by publishing Gita, Ramayana, Upanishads, Puranas, Discourses of eminent Saints and other character-building books & magazines and marketing them at highly subsidised prices.   The institution strives for the betterment of life and the well-being of all. It aims to promote the art of living as propounded in the Gita for peace & happiness and the ultimate upliftment of mankind. The founder, Brahmalina Shri Jayadayalji Goyandka, was a staunch devotee and an exalted soul. He was much given to the Gita as the panacea for mankind's plight and began publishing it and other Hindu scriptures to spread good intent and good thought amongst all.
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  • Srimad Bhagvatham

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  • Maha Shiva RatriFebruary 27th, 2014
    आपके जीवन में शिव ही शिव हो
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    • Navaratri & Navadurga
      What is Navratri ? " Navratri " or "Navaratri " literally means "nine nights." Navratri is celebrated twice a year, once at the beginning of the New Samvatsar (Hindu New year) in Summers and again at the onset of winter. Navratri or Navratra are therefore known as Chaitra Navratra and Shaardeya Navratra on the basis of their occ […]
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    • The Goddess of Kudajaadri : Sri Mookambika
      The Legend JagatGuru Sri Adi shankara Acharaya & the Devi Sri Mookambika
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    • The Story of Mahabharatha
      The Mahabharatha, is the greatest, longest and one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. With more than 74,000 verses, plus long prose passages, or some 1.8 million words in total, it is one of the longest epic poems in the world. This wonderful Grantha (Sacred book) was composed by Bhagvan Sri Veda Vyasa (Krishna Dv […]
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      Mantra Diksha Blessing Like The Sun God, Like The Rainy Clouds , Like The Mother Earth  Blessing for All Mantra Dikshaa by vishwa Guru Param Pujya Sant Shri AsaramJi BapuJi
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    • Shri Adi Shankaracharya’s Kanaka Dhara Stotram
      Bhagvan Shri Adi Sankara was one of the greatest saints of his time.He was born in a Brahmin family in Kerala. After brahmopadesa, as is usual during those times, Bramhmachari were asked to beg alms for his lunch. One day when little Adi Shankara went to a Brahmin house, the lady of the house was so poor that she did not have anything to give him. She search […]
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    • Sreemadh Devi Bhagvatham
      The Srimad Devi Bhagavatam, also known as Devi Purana, was composed into 12 chapters, containing 18000 verses by the great Veda Vyasa. Though classified as an upa-purana it is the only purana Vedavyasa called "Maha Purana" meaning the great purana.
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      Sri Devi Mahathmyam is one of the most enduring and popular Hindu scriptures of all times, filled with the stories and the exploits of the Mother Goddess, as she assumes various forms and avatars, from time to time to vanquish evil and restore righteousness and goodness in the world. The seven hundred verses of Devi Mahathmyam form one of the cornerstones of […]
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    • Ramayan
      Om Namaha ShivayaEka Sloki RamayanAadau Rama thapo vananu gamanam, Hathwa mrugam kanchanam,Vaidehi haranam, jatayu maranam, Sugreeva sambhashanam,Bali nigrahanam, samudhra tharanam, Lanka pureem dahanam,Paschad Ravana Kumbha karna madanam, Ethat ithi Ramayanam Author -Shri C.RajaGopalachariRamayanaTo the north of the Ganga was the great kingdom Kosala, made […]
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    • Uttar Ramayan
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Shri Ram's Rajya Abhiskek01-02Hanumanji is blessed by Sita Mata with the honor to be Shri Ram's devotee always.Brahma sends Narad to Valmiki.01-03Story of Garuda & KakbhushandiGarud goes to Lord Shiva to know about Shri Ram and then goes to meet Bhushandi - the CrowBhushandi - the Crow narrates Shri Ra […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 7
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 61:Ravan sends his men to Kumbhakaran's palace to wake him up from his deep sleep. They take mountains of food for him and try to awaken him with their shouts, drums and trumpets. At last, Kumbhakaran gets up and has his meal. He is told about the war and the humiliation Ravan is suffering. Ravan goes t […]
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    • VED STUTI
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"VED STUTIUttarkaand – Doha 13 CHHANDJai sagun nirgun roop roop anoop bhoop siromaney | Daskandharaadi prachand nisichar prabal khal bhuj bala haney || Avataar nar sansaar bhaar bibhanji daarun dukh dahey | Jai pranatpaal dayaal prabhu sanjukt sakti namaamahey || Tav bisham maayaa bas suraasur naag nar aga jaga harey […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 6
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 51:Ravan discusses the matter with his courtiers and sends Sukh to seduce Sugriv from his loyalty to Shri Ram. Sukh meets Sugriv and says: "You are a king and Ravan is another. Earn his friendship instead of risking your life for helping a disinherited prince." Sugriv sends him back, saying […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 5
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 41:Lakshman enters Kishikindha in a fury. Angad goes and informs Hanuman who requests Tara to go and allay Lakshman's wrath. Tara is able to take away the edge of Lakshman's anger and Hanuman tells Lakshman that Sugriv has already issued orders for mobilising the warriors. Sugriv apologizes […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 4
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Ramayan Episode 31: Ravan decides to kidnap Sita Mareech reluctantly becomes golden deer Shri Ram, at Sitas behest, goes after the deer 31.131.231.331.4Episode 32: Mareech mimics Shri Rams voice & calls Lakshman Sita compels Lakshman to go Ravan kidnaps Sita .Shri Ram & Lakshman are upset32.132.232.332.4Epis […]
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    • Uttar Ramayan Last Part
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Valmiki advises her to give up attachment which binds mortals to Earth. King Janak visits Ayodhya.02-11King Janak's conversation with Shri Ram. He shows Ram the letter Sita left him and tells Ram that he is proud to have a daughter like Sita.02-12Janak asks Ram to visit Mithila because Devi Sunayana is unwell.G […]
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    • Sri Hanuman Aarti
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Aartii ki Hanumana lalaa kiiAartii ki Hanumana lalaa kii, dushta-dalana Ragunatha kalaa kee.Jaakay bala se giriwara kaapay, roga dosha jaakay nikata na jhaakee.Anjani putra mahaa bala daayee, santana kay prabhu sadaa sahaayee.Dai biiraa Ragunaatha pataayee, Lankaa jaari siiya sudhi laaye.Lanka sau kota samudra sii k […]
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    • Bajraang Baan
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"BAJRANG BAAN - A PRAYER TO HANUMAN JI Nishchay Prema Prateet-tay, Vinay Karain Sanmaan,Tayhi-Kay Karaja Sakala Shubha, Sidhi Karain Hanuman Jai Hanumanta Santa Hitakaari, Suna Liijay Prabhu Araja hamariJana kay kaaja vilambana keejay, Aatura dawrii maha Sukha deejayJaisay kooda sindhur kay paara, Sursa badana paithi […]
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    • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Ashtak
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"A PRAYER TO HANUMANJI IN EIGHT VERSESBaala samai ravi bhaksha liyo, Taba teenahu loka bhayo andhiyaaroTaahi so traasa bhayo jaga-ko, Yaha sankata kaahu so jaata na taaroDewan-aani kari binatee, Taba chaari diyo ravi kashta niwaaroKo nahi jaanata hai jaga may, kapi sankat mochan naam tihaaroBaali ki traasa kapeesa ba […]
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    • Rishi Prasad "Guru Nishtha" Guru Bhakt Sandeepak ki Katha
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" ऋषि प्रसाद अध्यात्मिक मासिक पत्रिका संत श्री आसरामजी आश्रमभगवान शिवजी ने पार्वती से कहा हैःआकल्पजन्मकोटीनां यज्ञव्रततपः क्रियाः।ताः सर्वाः सफला देवि गुरुसंतोषमात्रतः।।'हे देवी ! कल्पपर्यन्त के, करोड़ों जन्मों के यज्ञ, व्रत, तप और शास्त्रोक्त क्रियाएँ – ये सब गुरुदेव के संतोषमात्र से सफल हो जाते हैं।'शिष्य […]
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    • Manas Guru Vandana
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"MANAS GURU VANDANABaalkaand – Doha 1 CHOPAIBandau guru pad paduma paraaga | Suruchi subas saras anuraaga ||Amiya murimaya churan charu | Saman sakal bhav ruj parivaru ||Sukruti sambhu tan bimal bibhuti | Manjul mangal mod prasuti ||Jana mana manju mukur mal harni | Kiye tilak gun gan bas karni ||Shri guru pad nakh m […]
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    • Shiva Taandav Stotra
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"II RAM IISHIV TAANDAV STOTRAJatata veegalajjal pravaahpaavit sthaleyGaleva lambya lambitaam bhujang tung maalikaam |Damag damag damag damanninaad vahum vavrymChakaar chand taandavam tanotu nah shivam shivam || 1 ||Jataa kataah sambhram bhramanni limpa nirjhariVilole veechi vallari viraaj maan murdhani |Dhagad dhagad […]
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    • Nirvaana Ashtakam
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"NIRVAAN ASHTAKAMMano buddhya hankaar chittaani naahamNa cha shrotra jihvey na cha ghraan netrey |Na cha vyom bhoomir na tejo na vaayuChidaanand roopah shivoham shivoham || 1 ||Na cha praan sangyo na vai panch vaayurNa vaa sapta dhaatur na vaa panch koshah |Na vaak paani paadau na chopasth paayuChidaanand roopah shiv […]
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    • Shiv Mahimna Stotra
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" II RAM II Shree Ganeshaaya NamahSHIV MAHIMNAH STOTRAMPushpadanta Uvaacha Mahimnah paaram te paramvidusho yadyasadrishiStutirbrahmaadeenaamapi tadavasannaastvayi girah|Athaavaachyah sarvah svamatiparinaamaavadhi grinanMamaapyesha stotre har nirapavaadah parikarah || 1 ||Ateetah panthaanam tav cha mahimaa vaangmanasa […]
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    • Ramayan Series Page 3
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"RamayanEpisode 21: In Nanihal, Bharath's premonition saddens him Bharath & Shatrughan return to Ayodhya On hearing about their fathers death, they are deeply shocked Bharath develops deep hatred towards his mother Kaikayee and disowns her21.121.221.321.4Episode 22: Bharath performs King Dasharath's las […]
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    • Pancha Mukha Anjaneya Kavacham
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" [Armour of Hanuman with Five Faces]Translated by P. R. Ramachander Sri Hanuman Ji assumed this form to kill Mahiravana, a powerful rakshasa black-magician and practitioner of the dark arts during the Ramayana war. Mahiravana had taken Lord Rama and Lakshmana captive, and the only way to kill him was to extinguish f […]
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    • The Legend of Prince Ram
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam" Jai Siya Ram JaiSiyaRam
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    • Ramayan Series Page 2
      "Namo nama Shri Guru padukabhyam"Episode 13: Celebrations mark the proclamation of Shri Ram as heir to the throne Manthra provokes Kaikayee Kaikayee gets into a rage 13.113.213.313.4Episode 14: King Dashrath also gets into an angry state of mind Kaikayee requests for two wishes King Dasharath relents to his promise Bharath is hailed as future king […]
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    • Bharata the Spiritual Guru of the World
      Bharat the Spiritual Guru of the World In this context The following verse (shloka) from the Mahabharat (18.5.46) is important. अष्टादश पुराणानि धर्मशास्त्राणि सर्वशः । वेदाः साङ्गास्तथैकत्र भारतं चैकतः स्थितम् ॥ Meaning : The eighteen Purans, all the scriptures (Smrutis) and the Vedas are on one side and Bharat (ancient India) on the other. (So great is the […]
    • Suprabhatham
      "kausalya supraja rama!purva sandhya pravartate, uthishta! narasardula! kartavyam daivam ahnikam "Sri Rama! Kausalya's endearing son! Wake up, dear! You have to do your day-to-day duties do wake up please. Continue reading →
    • Shri Hari Stotram
      The one who reads with peace, This octet on Hari, Which is the destroyer of sorrow, Would definitely reach the world of Vishnu, Which is always without sorrow, And he would never undergo sorrow ever. Continue reading →
    • All About HINDUISM
      O Thou Invisible One! O Adorable One! O Supreme! Thou permeatest and penetratest this vast universe from the unlimited space down to the tiny blade of grass at my feet. Thou art the basis for all these names and forms. Thou art the apple of my eye, the Prema of my heart, the very Life of my life, the very Soul of my soul, the Illuminator of my intellect and […]
    • The Supreme Sadhana
      Everything is verily a manifestation of God; where then do differences, delusion,misfortune and misery exist? They exist in the „seeing‟ without right knowledge. For as you see,so is the world. Continue reading →
    • Shri Krishna Janma ashtami
      श्रीकृष्ण जन्माष्टमी आपका आत्मिक सुख जगाने का, आध्यात्मिक बल जगाने का पर्व है। जीव को श्रीकृष्ण-तत्त्व में सराबोर करने का त्यौहार है। तुम्हारा सुषुप्त प्रेम जगाने की दिव्य रात्रि है। श्रीकृष्ण का जीवन सर्वांगसंपूर्ण जीवन है। उनकी हर लीला कुछ नयी प्रेरणा देने वाली है। उनकी जीवन-लीलाओं का वास्तविक रहस्य तो श्रीकृष्ण तत्त्व का आत्मरूप से अनुभव किये हुए महापुरूष […]
    • Vedic Astrology: Jyothish Light of Knowledge
      INTRODUCTION Of Indian Jyothish or Hindu Jyothish or Vedic Jyothish. Vedas are the oldest, the most authentic and the most sacred scriptures to understand the mysteries of nature Vedas are oldest books in the library of the world.' The date when did the Sourya Mandal came into existence is written in " BramandPuraan ". Continue reading → […]
    • Bhagvaan ki Kripa
      धनभागी हैं वे, जो संत-दर्शन की महत्ता जानते हैं, उनके दर्शन-सत्संग का लाभ लेते हैं, उनके द्वार पर जा पाते हैं, उनकी सेवा कर पाते हैं और धन्य है यह भारतभूमि, जहाँ ऐसे आत्मारामी संत अवतरित होते रहते हैं। Continue reading → […]
    • Rudraksha : The Divine Gem
      The terms Rudraksha literally means the "Eyes" of Shiva and is so named in His benevolence. Shiva Purana describe Rudraksha's origin as Lord Shiva's tears. He had been meditating for many years for the welfare of all creatures. On opening the eyes, hot drops of tears rolled down and the mother earth gave birth to Rudraksha trees. Continue […]
    • Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital
      Navagraha Stotra Mala For Daily Recital for the blessing of all Nine Grahas Continue reading →
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  • Jai Guru Dev

    This Blog is an Humble attempt to spread the Divine Message of Pujjya BapuJi & Dedicated at the Lotus feets SHRI CHARANKAMAL Of PARAM PUJYA GURUJI SANT SHRI ASARAM JI BAPU VishwaGuru Of the Age.

    The essence of Bharata lies in Her culture of Self-realization. ParamAtman is not seen as something apart, but as our very essence, the one True Self that resides in the heart of us all. Raising ourselves from ordinary individuals to the heights of Supreme Consciousness is only possible with the guidance of one who is already in that transcendent state. Such a one is called a Satguru, a True Yogi, as in one who has gained mastery over the mind, one who is beyond the mind.

    From ancient times up to the present day, an unbroken succession of Self-realized Saints have incarnated in the Land of Yogis & Saints Bharata to lead seekers of Truth to the ultimate reality.

    Yada Yada hee Dharmasya glaneer bhavati Bharat
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Ratna Shastra: The Mystery hidden in Gemstones

Vedic astrology or Jyotish is the “Science of Light”, an ancient astrological discipline that originated more than 5,000 years ago during the Pre-Vedic civilization of ancient India. The “Rishis”, a Sanskrit word meaning “seers” or high priests of the Vedas, cognized through transcendental visions, the connection between the celestial bodies of our solar system and the human body.
The motion of the planets and their positions in relation to each other, acts upon us throughout our lifetime, just as the lunar phases push and pull the oceans and the seas.
According to the Vedic science of astrology, the planets and all the stars in our universe represent certain energies, and, in fact, do emit magnetic and electric fields. Vedic astrology held that each planet gives out its own, cosmic color, generating a particular energy and influence that propagates throughout the cosmos. The transmission of these colored rays through space, accompanied by the energy-giving properties of heat, magnetism and electricity, have an influence on the life of every living creature.

“Yat Pinde Tat Brahmande”

“We, as microcosm, are just a reflection of the outer macrocosm.”

The location of the various planets during a person’s birth, can be mapped scientifically through an astrological horoscope.
According to it, certain planets will be well positioned, some will be unfavorable and some will give mixed results.
Every person’s life is therefore, the result of this cosmic design, this planetary arrangement seen in the sky at the time of our birth, which originated and resulted by activities and actions during our previous lives.
Vedic astrology opines that karma is not eternal and can be changed. There are several ways to balance or enhance our planetary karma. Its methods include meditation (the greatest balancing method), physical postures (yoga), medicine (ayurveda), wearing of gemstones, color therapy, mantras, prayers, rituals, herbs, food, etc.

Vedic astrology deals with seven visible planets and two invisible ones: the SUN, MOON, MARS, MERCURY, JUPITER, VENUS, and SATURN, along with the two lunar nodes, RAHU (ascending lunar node) and KETU (descending lunar node). These nodes are the two intersecting points of the solar and lunar planes as seen from the earth.

Nine astrological gemstones are associated with these planets. Associated with the Sun is the RUBY, with the Moon is the PEARL, with Mars is the RED CORAL, with Mercury the EMERALD, with Jupiter is the YELLOW SAPPHIRE, with Venus is the DIAMOND, with Saturn the BLUE SAPPHIRE, with Rahu the HESSONITE GARNET, and with Ketu is the CAT’S EYE CHRYSOBERYL. Associated with the nine planets are also the days of the week, different parts of the human body and different metals.

However,todays science has found there is a enoughf scientific truth behind Planetary Gemology.

GEMOLOGY: THE MYSTERY HIDDEN IN STONES

Our great sages and polymaths perfected the art and the science of astrology in ancient times. As such astrology has witnessed continuous development and proliferated into many branches and divisions, all of which are equal in importance. Gemmology or the scientific and ethnic study of gemstones is an important and integral part of applied astrology. It is so popular among the Indian public that no one is certain as to when it had actually come into practice. Use of precious gems and stones has been an ancient practice in India. Some people believe that it is one or two thousand years old science while others maintain that science and art of gemmology originated about five or ten thousand years ago. Scriptural evidences however show that concept of gemmology is as old as the creation itself. A very famous hymn says:

SASHANKH CHAKRAM SAKIRIT KUNDALAM, SAPEET VASTRAM SARASI RUNEKSHANAM ||
SAHAR VAKSH STHAL KAUSTUBHASHRIYAM, NAMAMI VISHNUM SIRASA CHATURBHUJAM ||

Apart from many kinds of weapons, Lord Vishnu bears Kaustubha Mani (a gem named Kaustubh) on his chest. This gem is most dear to Him. This hymn shows that even before the whole universe came into being, Lord Vishnu did have an existence and the gem Kaustubh also existed along with Him.

During medieval period also, various scholars shed light on the science of gemmology. They authored many great scriptures as well. Acharya Varahmihir was the most prominent of those great scholars. A scripture Vrihat Samhita written by Varahmihir still has a wide recognition among the gemologists. It has a whole chapter, Ratnadhyay devoted to the comprehensive description of the gemstones. Among Puranas, Agnipurana contains exhaustive description about gemmology.

In modern era also, countless scholars are continuously working with dedication in the field of gemmology. Thanks to their efforts that the science of gemmology is scaling new heights.

In the present discussion, we shall try to find out:
1) What are gems?
2) Is wearing a stone mere superstition or it really bears fruit?
3) What is the chemical composition of the gemstones?
4) In what circumstances should the gemstones be worn?
5) In which circumstances should the gemstones not be worn?
6) Which person should wear which stone?
7) Which person should not wear which stone?
8) How did the gemstones originate as per the religious scriptures of India?
9) Stones of which planets can be worn together?
10) Do the gemstones have medicinal use also? What is the gemopathy?
11) What are the 6 jewels and how did they originate?
12) How can the gems and jewels be classified?
13) What is the total number of the gemstones and what are their names?

Let us first try to understand what a gem is. We are all familiar with the adjective use of the words gem, jewel etc. Any dear one or prominent one is addressed as a ‘gem’ or ‘jewel’ in colloquial terms. Similarly anything that is rare in qualities, availability or virtues is also referred to as a gem or jewel. But literally, a gem is something that has been dug out from earth or deep sea and has many rare but miraculous qualities. A gem is unique and often rare because of its specific composition. It may differ in effects, colour, tinge and hues. Similarly, prices of the same stone, may also vary with slight difference in appearance.

All the gems and jewels however have one thing in common i.e. their hue. A jewel has a distinct hue that differentiates it from the rest of the commonly available materials. Our learned sages have described eighty-four different kinds of gems and jewels among which nine are most important. Because of it, titles like Navratna (nine most precious gems) came into practice. But being superior in designation does not mean that the remaining seventy-five gems are totally worthless or not in common use. They too have their distinct appearance, beauty, hues and effects and are important accordingly. Their uses are also wide and varied such as personal beautification, adornment, house building, idol construction, exhibition of wealth and luxury etc. Thus, there are totally eighty-four gems and jewels of which nine are main (or more popular) and seventy-five are less popular.

Though there are different classes and categories of the gems that distinguish them from one another, but gemstones belonging to the same category resemble one another to a great extent with slight variations in hues and appearance.

Some of the stones have uniform colours like yellow, green, red, blue, violet, black or golden while many have a mixed hue of different colours. Each gem has its own importance. Regardless of category, a gemstone is priced according to its beauty, brilliance, appearance and purity. Lacking these qualities, a gemstone has no worth in the eye of a connoisseur. Diamond, sapphire, topaz, emerald and ruby belong to the category of most precious stones. All of them have their distinct chemical composition and are priced accordingly.

Thus now we may say that-
1) Gemstones are harder than ordinary stones.
2) Gemstones are more brighter and smoother than ordinary stones.
3) Distinct hue is the main feature of a gemstone.
4) Usually, each gemstone radiates rays similar to its colour.
5) Radiation effect of the gemstones is controlled and affected by the light and rays of the planets and group of stars situated in space.
6) Gemstones have both positive and negative capacities.
7) A particular gemstone prescribed for a particular planet receives the rays from that planet and facilitates them to enter our body.

ORIGIN OF JEWELS: Experts have a difference of opinion regarding the origin of jewels. Researchers tell that many kinds of jewels are manufactured within the body of living organisms from the various actions and reactions of their blood, marrow, flesh etc. Some of the jewels are produced in nature through the reactions and combinations of different chemical compounds. Still some jewels are obtained from specific vegetation, plants and rocks.

Like gems, jewels too can be classified into different categories according to their appearances, effects and the compounds present within them. But before going through their physical classification, lets be familiar with the classification of jewels as has been mentioned in Indian scriptures. Through the origin of jewels as given in Indian mythology appears more like fantasies in the present scientific age, but it may have some degree of truth. Besides, it is relevant here to learn about the origin of jewels as described in mythology for various reasons. Hymns and other descriptions of Indian religious scriptures are more cryptic in nature and need proper deciphering for who knows what is hidden in them. Gemmology is no exception in this context.

According the great astrologer Varahmihir, jewels are of three kinds
1) Jewels of the sky or heaven.
2) Jewels of the earth.
3) Jewels of the nether world.

Thus, in all the three worlds, superior gems are found and the excellent among them are known as jewels.
According to mythology, jewels found in heaven are-
1) Kaustubh Mani.
2) Chinta Mani.
3) Syamantak Mani.
4) Rudra Mani.

1) Kaustubh Mani: It has a deep blue colour like a blue lotus and a radiance equal to the sun. It was obtained during the churning of the sea. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu wears Kaustubh Mani in a garland on his chest. This is said to be a powerful jewel and bestows fortune, luxuries as well as invincibility on to its wearer besides extremely beautiful and imposing.

2) Chinta Mani: Name of this jewel is self-explicit. The wearer is freed from all the worries and fretting. It is white in colour and has a brilliant hue. It gives its wearer all kinds of wealth and comforts.

3) Syamantak Mani: It is a common belief that this jewel adorns the necklace of Lord Surya (the sun god). It is said to have a brilliant blue hue that instantaneously blinds the onlooker. If it is taken in darkness, it fills the ambience with day-like light. There is an interesting tale related to this jewel.

In the Dwapar Yuga, Lord Surya had presented the Syamantak Mani to his devotee Prasanjit as he was pleased by his devotion. Prasanjit visited the court of Lord Krishna wearing the jewel. All the courtiers were amazed by the brilliance of this jewel and said to Prasanjit that he did not deserve the jewel, so he should present it to none other than Lord Krishna. But Prasanjit did not want to present the jewel to Lord Krishna and stealthily left the court. Later on, Prasanjit’s brother whose having the Mani in his possesion went to the forests on a hunting excursion and was killed by a lion. The lion took the jewel with it but was killed by Jambvant, the ursine aid of Lord Rama. Jambvant took the jewel to his cave and gave it to his daughter.

Back there in the kingdom, when Prasanjit’s brother did not return for many days, suspicious fingers began to point at Lord Krishna. So, Lord Krishna set out to search Mani. Following the footmarks of Prasanjit brother, the lion and Jambvant, Lord Krishna reached the den of Jambvant and saw Jambvant’s children playing with the jewel. As soon as Lord Krishna took the jewel in this possession, Jambvant also arrived there and a fierce duel followed between them. At last Jambvant recognized Lord & presented Lord Shri Krishna the Mani with his daughter Jambvati . Thus recovering the jewel Syamantak, Lord Krishna returned to Dwarka and washed the blemish. It is believed now that Lord Krishna himself wears the jewel Syamantak.

Rudra Mani: Nobody will be unaware of the bounty of Lord Shiva. His costumes as well as ornaments are strange. He wears only tiger’s skin and formidable black snakes around his shoulder. The gods presented Lord Shiva with a jewel that came to be known as Rudra Mani. Lord Shiva threadened the jewel among the beads of His rosary. The jewel has a brilliant, golden hue and three stripes on it. Like Lord Shiva, the jewel Rudra Mani is also benevolent in virtues.

Thus, according to Hindu mythology, only four jewels come in the category of heavenly jewels. Now, lets understand something about the jewels that belong to the nether world.

Paatal of Hindu mythology is known by different names such as Nagaloka, Rasatala, Bhugarbh loka etc. According to mythology, it is inhabited not by humans but by great snakes as its name Naga loka shows. While discussing about the jewels of the nether worlds, Nagas are regarded as the inhabitants of the Paatal and Vasuki was their monarch. Some of the prominent and popular jewels of Naga Loka or are the following- Naga Mani: It is said that this jewel is present on the head of a snake. Its light shows the snake its way even in pitch darkness. When the snake senses some danger, it at once swallows the jewel. But it is said that all the snakes do not have this jewel. Only a few, privileged ones have it on their hoods. Naga Mani is said to be extremely rare.

Only nine kinds of snakes are regarded as the wearer of this mysterious jewel called Naga Mani. It is said that the colour of the jewel exactly matches the colour of the snake and the jewel emits light of the same colour. These nine kinds of the snake are:
1) Black snake.
2) Blue snake.
3) Yellow snake.
4) Gray snake.
5) Red snake.
6) White snake.
7) Green snake.
8) Copper-coloured snake.
9) Milky snake.

According to the scriptures all of these snakes wear jewels that exactly match their body colour. It is also a coincidence that the number of planets in the solar system is also nine. The colours of these planets more or less match with the colours of these jewels. That is why, the practice of wearing a jewel, whose colour exactly matches with that of the planet came into being. But these jewels (Naga Manis) are not easily available. That is why practice of wearing gems and stones in place of the jewels became popular.

Now is the time to take a detailed look at the gems and jewels found on the earth. Though, not innumerable kinds of gems and jewels are found on earth but according to Puranas and other authentic sources following kinds of gems and jewels are prominent:-
1) Manikya (Ruby).
2) Moti (Pearl).
3) Mungaa (Coral).
4) Panna (Emerald).
5) Pukhraj (Yellow Sapphire).
6) Neelam (Blue Sapphire).
7) Heera (Diamond).
8) Gomed (Hassonite).
9) Lahsumiya (Cat’s eye).
10) Phiroza (Turquoise).
11) Chandrakant (Moon stone).
12) Ghrit Mani.
13) Tail Mani.
14) Bheeshmak.
15) Upalak Mani. (Opal)
16) Sphatic Mani. (Rock Crystal)
17) Paras Mani.
18) Ulook Mani.
19) Larvart. (Lapis Mani)
20) Masar Mani.
21) Ishiv.

Lets first understand the scriptural basis of classification of the gems and jewels.
According to Vishnu Purana and Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapurana, Bali, the grandson of Prahlad was a great king of the demons. With a resolution of dethroning Indra as the king of heaven, Bali organized a hundred Ashwamedha Yagyas. On the appeal of Indra, Lord Vishnu decided to stop the hundredth Ashwamedha Yagya of Bali and arrived there in the guise of Vamana (a dwarf Brahmin) and begged him to donate land measuring three steps. In two steps, Lord measures entire earth and heaven. Since there was not room then to put the third step, Bali offered his head for the Lord to put his third step. Thus, Lord Vishnu sent Bali direct to the Paatal & offered him to rule the Whole nether World. With the touch of the Lord’s foot, Bali’s earthy body converted into Gem stones.

Thus, origin of different gems and jewels is as follows:
Manikya or Ruby: It originated from the Heart of Bali, hence it has red or pink colour
.
Moti or Pearl: It is believed to have originated from the mind or Manas of Raja Bali.

Munga or Laal Mooga or Pavizham or Coral: It is orginated from the Blood of Mahabali

Pushyaraag or Peela Pukhraj or Yellow Sapphire: It originated from the flesh of Bali.

Indraneela or Blue Sapphire: It originated from the eyes of the King Bali.

Vajra or Heera or Diamond: It originated from the pieces of Bali’s brain.

Hassonite or Gomet: This gem originated from the fat of the demon king.

Vaidurya or Lasouniya Cat’s Eye: This jewel originated from the Yagyopavit (sacred thread) of Bali.

Hara Panna or Maradaka Mani or Emreld: It originated from the nervous system of the demon king Bali.

Chandrakanth or Moonstone: It originated from the radiance of the eye’s pupils.

Ghrit Mani: This jewel originated from the pieces of the waist.

Tail Mani: Skin of the king Bali formed this jewel.

Bheeshmak: This gem was produced from the head pieces of Bali.

Upalak Mani: phlegm of Bali produced this jewel.

Sphatik Mani (Rock Crystal): This jewel was formed from the sweat of Bali.

Paras Mani: Pieces of Bali’s heart formed Paras Mani.

Ulook Mani: This jewel was formed from the pieces of Bali’s tongue.

Lapis Lazuli: Bali’s hair formed this jewel.

Masar Mani: This jewel was produced from the faeces of Bali.

Ishiv Mani: This jewel is believed to have from the semen of King Bali.

Thus in all, eighty four different parts and constituents of the demon king MahaBali. Of them, only twenty-one are described as gems or jewels due to peculiar brilliance they possess. Of these twenty-one gems, only nine are most famous for their radiance & special powers and are hence known as Navaratna.

Thus, there are nine main gems or jewels, twelve common gems and sixty-three ordinary gems which are also known as sub-gems.

CLASSIFICATION OF GEMS AND JEWELS
Total Main Jewels Common Jewels Ordinary Gems
84 (EIGHTY FOUR) 9 (NINE) 12 (TWELVE) 63 (SIXTY THREE)

This origin of gems as given in the scriptures may appear not more than a mere high flight of imagination to the modern physicists, but no one can refute the logic behind this origin. Even the modern science describes about the existence of eighty-four different kinds of specific stones in nature. Now their existence is a universal truth regardless of how these stones came into being. The earth is the mine of all the gems and jewels hence it is also called as Ratnagarbha (mother of all the jewels).

CLASSIFICATION OF JEWELS

Gems and jewels are basically stones but they are not easily and universally available as ordinary stones are. From time immemorial, stones have been affecting our life either directly or indirectly. Building of temple, idols of the deity, near the railway tracks and the building of our own house we see scores of varied uses of stones. This is a world of stones literally.

There will hardly be a country in the world where stones are not found. Now even the ordinary stones come in scores of varieties. Some are highly expensive while others are comparatively cheap. But each of them has their own independent existence. Not one stone can be given a lower value and that is why every kind of stone has its own use.

Gemstones are inherently expensive and cannot be put in menial uses. Almost all of them have some latent power often called divine power. These gemstones are not universally available also. Due to their peculiar appearance, brilliance and colour, these gemstones draw our attention and tempt us to wear or possess them.

Even the experts world over agree regarding the total number of gemstones and recognize eighty-four kinds of different gemstones. But only nine of them are recognized as the main gems, while the rest seventy-five gems come under the sub-gem category. But those seventy-five minor kinds of gems too have some latent power. Often some sub-gems surpasses the main gems in qualities.

In India, nine major types of gems have been used more traditionally. But as the trade and commerce of our country increased with others, we gained more knowledge about lesser varieties of gemstones as well. Our learned experts analyzed them deeply and discovered many practical applications of these jewels. Thus, the use of seventy-five lesser kinds of stones also saw a fare and square increase. Lets first of all be familiar with the names of these gemstones.

The names of these gemstones:

Amber.
Akik(Agate).
Abari.
Amalia.
Alemani.
Udak.
Upal(Opal).
Alexendrite.
Casoti (Touch stone)
Kaharava.
Calaline.
Kataila (Amethyst)
Kurund.
Kakarnili.
Kuduratta.
Khara.
Gomed (Hassonite)
Godanta.
Gauti.
Gudari.
Cheeta (Vyaghraksha or Tiger’s eye)
Chumbak (Magnet)
Jaharmohara (Soap stone)
Jaje Mani.
Jaharat (Dugdh pashan or milk stone)
Jabar jad.
Jharana.
Tori.
Duur.
Tamara (Garnate)
Turvasa.
Turmali (Tourmaline)
Dana firang.
Darchana.
Danvala.
Durrenazaf.
Doposta.
Dhunaila.
Naram.
Neelam (Blue Sapphire)
Panna (Emerald)
Panaghana.
Pitonia.
Panni.
Pukhraj (Yellow Sapphire)
Phiroza (Turquoise)
Phitak.
Beiruj.
Bansi.
Mariam.
Marmar (Marble stone)
Makatanis.
Margaz.
Makari.
Manikya (Ruby)
Musa.
57) Muvenazaf.
Moonga (Coral)
Moti (Pearl)
Mritangar (cinder stone)
Yashab (jade)
Yahood.
Ratartna.
Romani.
Lahsuniya (Cat’s eye)
Lajvard (Lapis Lazuli)
Lalari.
Ludhia.
Shajar.
Sitara.
Sangi.
Saramahi.
Cimac.
Simrak.
Sinduria (carnelian)
Singali.
Sulemani. (onyx)
Sunahala (Citrine)
Sona Makkhi.
Suryaksha.
Cibar.
Havas.
Heera. (Diamond)
Haddek.

Apart from these eighty-four stones, more kinds of stones have been described:

Paras (Philosopher’s stone).

Thus there are a total of eighty-eight different kinds of gemstones. Of these, existence of Paras (Philosopher’s stones) has never been found except folklore.
Many experts do not regard magnet as a stone.

Traditionally none major gems and jewels that belong to the category of Navaratna have been given more importance .

GEMS DESCRIBED IN BRIHAT SANHITA

Great Indian mathematician and astrologer of the yore, Varahmihir has written profusely about the gemstones in his famous treatize Vrihatsamhita.

Following is the names of the gemstones described in Vrihatsamhita.
Vajramani (Heera) Diamond.
Padma r
Vimalak.
Marakat (Panna) Emerald.
Vaidurya (Lahsunia) Cat’s eye.
Sphatic (Rock Crystal)
Sangandhik.
Indraneel Mani (Neelam) Blue Sapphire.
Rudhir.
Raja Mani.
Gomed (Gomedak) Hassonite.
Pushprag (Pukraj) Yellow Sapphire.
Mukta (Moti) Pearl.
Samyak.
Shankh.
Karkotak.
Pulak.
Shashikant.
Mahaneel.
Jyotiras.
Brahmin Mani.
Praval (Munga) Coral.

Thus, only twenty-two gemstones have been described in Vrihatsamhita. You may ask: Why? It can only be said about it that during the period of Varahmihir only these twenty-two gemstones could have been in fashion.

OPAQUE GEMSTONES

Many elemental impurities that are present in the crystal lattice of a gemstone not only increases its density but also makes it opaque to light. Though presence of these impurities does not affect the utility of the stone. Akik and Phiroza (turquoise) are the famous example of opaque gemstones. These two stones are regarded particularly miraculous.

TRANSLUCENT GEMSTONES

These fall between the transparent and opaque categories. Many important gemstones come under the category of translucent stones. These stones are not as clear as the transparent stones nor as filthy as the opaque ones. Hence, the translucent gemstones can aptly be described as dim gemstones.

Regardless of the category, gemstones have more importance than the ordinary stones and are hence more in demand despite their high value. To be valuable a gemstone should fulfill some conditions like smoothness, better cut, brilliance etc. Apart from these hardness is another condition that a gemstone should comply to be designated as a jewel. Gemstones are invariably harder than the ordinary stones.

HARDNESS OF THE GEMSTONES

Composition of the chemical compounds, their mixture, relative density, crystal lattice etc. together determine the hardness of a gemstone. Since the chemical composition varies from stones to stones hence each and every gemstone has its unique hardness which commonly does not match with that of the other. Hardness is the main property of a gemstone. Diamond is the hardest gemstone. In fact, it is the hardest substance in the world. Besides it, emerald, blue and yellow sapphires and ruby are also hard. Coral is also hard but interestingly it is not a true stone. It is in fact a fossil and organic in origin.

Next to hardness it is specific density that differentiates one gemstone from another.

SPECIFIC DENSITY OF THE GEMS

Gemstone Sp.Density
TOPAZ 3.53
DIAMOND 3.52
HASSONITE (AGATE) 4.20
SPINEL 2.15
OPAL 2.60
ROCK CRYSTAL 2.65
AQUAMARINE 2.74
TURQUOISE 2.82
MOONSTONE 2.87
PARIDOT 3.40
GAMET 4.07

Apart from brilliance, hardness is the second distinguishing feature of the gemstones. Hardness of one gemstone differs from that of the other. On the hardness scale, talc represents the softest substance while diamond is the hardest material known to mankind.

Following is a hardness scale to compare the hardness of gemstones with one another.

Sequence of Hardness Material/Gems
1 Talc
2 Gypsum
3 Calcite
4 Spar
5 Apatite
6 Foldspar
7 Rock Crystal
8 Topaz (Yellow)
9 ( Sapphire)
10 Blue Sapphire
Diamond

All the gemstones have some amount of latent electricity which can be experienced in different ways. This latent form of electricity is basically of static in nature and an be produced in three different ways:

1) Friction
2) Heat
3) Pressure

1) Electricity produced by friction or Frictional Electricity: When a gemstone is rubbed with a cotton or woolen cloth, some electric charge is produced in the gem. In some stones the charge is so intense that it can even burn the cloth that causes it to appear. Diamond is such a stone that produces intense electric charge on rubbing. Besides diamond, topaz, Shobha Mani, Trinakant Mani etc are some other jewels that produce intense electric charge.

2) Thermal Electricity: Heating a gemstone also produces some electric charge in it. But there is a threshold limit below which heating does not produce any charge in the stone. Rock crystal is the prominent gemstone that produces intense charge upon heating.

3) Piezo Electricity or charge due to pressure: If a certain amount of pressure is applied on a crystal, it begins to act like a battery cell and produces electric charge. With the removal of pressure, the crystal regains its original state. Rock crystal is again an efficient gemstone to produce electric charge under pressure.

Alexandrite: It is an extremely beautiful gem and like Opal it is also very sensitive to light. It glows like a rainbow of colours. Hence it is also known as colour changing stone. It is found in Sri Lanka and Africa. Mostly, Alexandrites with deep indigo colour are available with the jewellers. It is regarded as a potential substitute for blue sapphire.

Katiala: It belongs to crystal category and is found in deep and light voilet colours. In common parlance and the jewellers terms it is called as Jamuniya (amethyst). It is used as a substitute for blue sapphire. It is mostly found in Hampshire (England), Germany, Iran, Balkan countries, Madagascar, Mexico and some parts of India. It also changes its colour when heated in fire.

Kaharava: It is mostly found in brown colour. It is opaque like amber. Kaharava is also a fossilized resin of pine that has metamorphosed into stone. It may be found in many colours like yellow, blue, white, red and green. It has a sweet, camphor-like smell. Due to its property to attract grass, paper etc. when charged, Kaharava is also known as Trinakant Mani or Trinakarsh. It is mostly found in Thailand, Romania, Myanmar, Brazil and some parts of India. Madagascar and Peru are the regions where Kaharava is found aplenty. But it has more medicinal uses than astrological.

Kasoti (Touch stone): Jewellers use this stone to test the purity of gold. It is mostly used in making crockery, utensils and mortar etc.

Calamine: Some crafty jewellers sell it as a substitute for blue sapphire but in fact it cannot replace blue sapphire. It is known as black star and presents a complete rainbow of colours in flood light.

Kurund: This stone is found in many colours like violet, brown, blue, white, green, red, black and pink. It is mostly used to make the grinding stone that the jewellers use to scourge gemstones. It is mostly found in Thailand, lower regions of Russia, Myanmar, Srilanka, Canada, Australia and India.

Kakarnili: Due to its deep blue colour, many astrologers prescribe it as a substitute for blue sapphire. It is indeed effective but not as much as blue sapphire. But there is no guarantee that you get genuine Kakarnili in the market because most jewellers sell synthetic stone instead. Kakarnili is mostly found in Kashmir.

Kudaratta: It is black stone that has mote decorative uses than astrological ones. It is cheaper and appears attractive due to yellow-black spots on it.

Khara: It is an ordinary stone available in black colour. It radiates green light. It is also mostly used in medicines.

Agate: It belongs to the Navaratna category of the gemstones. It is mostly used to please the shadow planet Rahu. It is known as Gomed in Hindi, Gomed Mani, Gomedak, Tapo Mani, Peet Mani, Peet Sphatic in Sanskrit. In Arabian and Persian it is known as Zargun, Hazarya Mani, Siduri etc. In Marathi it is known as ‘Gomed Mani’. In colloquial terms, it is called zircon, but it is a misnomer. Even in common English its often referred to as Zircon. But the correct term for it is Hassonite or Agate.

A transparent Agate is regarded as the best. But it is available in many colours: black, reddish brown, red, orange and occasionally green. Despite being cheap, it is an extremely effective gemstone. It is found in the Orissa province of India besides Myanmar, China, Arab, Florida, South Africa and Sri Lanka. Best Agates come from Sri Lanka. Agate is prescribed by the astrologers for the people to get rid of many kinds of problems. It has profound effect on the diseases also. But one should imperatively get his horoscope scrutinized by an able astrologer.

Moonstone: It is an inexpensive stone. It resembles with the teeth of a cow in appearance. It is prescribed as a substitute for pearl. It is found in small bits in Myanmar, India, North America and Sri Lanka. It is also found in Brazil and Switzerland.

Gauri: It is brown or green coloured stone that belongs to Akeek category. Streaks of many colours are present on it. Hence it is also known as rainbow stone. It gives mental peace besides riches and repute. It can be worn on any auspicious day.

Tiger’s Eye: It is a yellow stone that closely resembles the eye of a tiger. It is also known as cat’s eye and proves specially beneficial for the fearful people.

Magnet: This term conjures up a figure of metallic magnet. But here we are talking about a stone and not about a metal. The stone does have some magnetic properties and is beneficial in correcting bodily disorders caused by wind. It is said that this stone is particularly present in huge quantities in certain regions like Bermuda Triangle and causes Shipwrecks and plane accidents there.

Jaje Mani: The same stone is called as Yaje Mani. It is actually an Akeek with prominent streaks. Its surface is commonly brown, yellow or white, black or brown streaks. It is mostly found on the banks of Narmada and Indus. It has miraculous virtues.

Jahar Mohara (Soap stone): This yellow coloured stone has green radiance. It is mostly used to make utensils. It is a strange kind of stone that destroys the effects of poison. It is found in Tibet, India and Iran.

Jarahat (Milk stone): It is an ordinary stone not commonly used for astrological purposes. It is mostly used in cosmetics and to make utensils and idols. It has a peculiar smoothness. Many experts do not regard it as a true gemstone.

Peridot: This parrot-green coloured stone is prescribed as a substitute for emerald. It is found in Norway, Arizona (USA), Mexico, Myanmar and the island of St. John.

Jharana (Fountain): It is a pastel coloured stone not frequently used for astrological purposes. Water kept in the utensil made of Jharana doe not stay in it but finds a way out and seeps out.

Thedi: It is also an ordinary stone, black in colour and mostly used in making utensils.

Dur: It is a strong, smooth stone mostly used in utensil making due to its high density and opaque appearance.

Garnet: It is mostly used as a substitute for ruby. It is bright red or pink in colour. In Sanskrit it is known as ‘Tamra Mani’.

Tursava: This pink coloured stone is mostly used in making utensils.

Tourmaline: This semi-stone is available in many colours, but white tourmaline is most common and used as a substitute for diamond though it has less density than diamond.

Kidney stone: Mostly found in green colour and resembles pistachio. It is highly beneficial in the diseases of kidney and urinary bladder. Hence it is known as kidney stone.

Sardonyx: This brown stone appears to have a dual structure. It has white or brown streaks on the surface.

Smoky Quartz: This transparent stone is mostly available in smoky colours besides black, yellow and brown. It is mostly found in Switzerland and North Carolina (USA) and is mostly used in making idols, toys and goggles.

Spinel Ruby: This stone is mostly found in pink colour though shades like green, yellow, orange, blue and violet are also common. It is used as a substitute for ruby. It is found in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Brazil, USA and India.

Blue Sapphire: This highly famous stone is composed of aluminum oxide. It is regarded as the most respected as well as the most dangerous stone. Its positive as well as negative effects are manifested from within hours to days. Though found in many countries like USA, Java, Thailand, Australia, Sri Lanka etc. but the sapphire found in Kashmir province of India is the most beautiful and expensive. Sapphire is often compared with notorious anti-biotic penicillin because of its accelerated effects. In Sanskrit it is known as Neel Mani, Indraneel Mani, in Urdu it is known as Yakoob, Kabood. Blue Sapphire is one of the Navratna.

Emerald: This green coloured stone is used to please mercury. It is bright, transparent stone with brilliant green colour and is very expensive. The best grade of emerald comes from South American countries, Columbia and Brazil.

Panghat: This translucent stone is found in white, black and green colours. It appears to contain water inside it and hence looks very attractive. It is mostly used in making ornaments and toys.

Blood stone: This opaque, green stone has a number of small red dots on it hence its named as blood stone. It is found in India and Siberian region of Russia.

Sang-e-panni: This green coloured stone is a potential substitute for emerald. It is available both in transparent and opaque forms and is used in making utensils also.

Pukhraj (Topaz or Yellow Sapphire): This rare, beautiful and expensive jewel is one of the Navratna. The best type of topaz has a brilliant yellow colour like the flowers of mustard or amaltas (Cassia fistula) and is transparent. This stone is worn to please Jupiter. In Sanskrit, topaz is known as Pushparaj, Pushparag, Peet Mani; in Gujarati it is known as Peeluraj. In Arabic and Persian it is Jard Yakoot and Asper.

Rock Crystal: This white coloured hard, transparent stone is universally available and appears like an ice crystal. It is used as a substitute for the pearl and the diamond and is worn for an increment in fortune and knowledge.

Aquamarine: This transparent stone is available in blue and green colours. People who undertake frequent voyages mostly wear it for good fortune. And indeed aquamarine is believed to enhance fortune.

Baansi: This opaque and soft stone has a colour like under-sea vegetation. It is mostly used in making utensils.

Marble: Hardly anybody will be unaware of this famous stone. White marble is mostly used in the construction of buildings and statues. Besides white, marble is available in slaty, green and black colours also.

Marium: This stone also resembles marble closely and is used in the manufacture of household items.

Flint stone: This seemingly ordinary stone had sustained human life in primitive era when people used this stone to make fire. In Sanskrit it is known as ‘Agni Paashaan’. Rubbing of brown, black or pastel flint stones produces sparks.

Tiger’s Eye: It is a yellow stone that closely resembles the eye of a tiger. It is also known as cat’s eye and proves specially beneficial for the fearful people.

Magnet: This term conjures up a figure of metallic magnet. But here we are talking about a stone and not about a metal. The stone does have some magnetic properties and is beneficial in correcting bodily disorders caused by wind. It is said that this stone is particularly present in huge quantities in certain regions like Bermuda Triangle and causes Shipwrecks and plane accidents there.

Jaje Mani: The same stone is called as Yaje Mani. It is actually an Akeek with prominent streaks. Its surface is commonly brown, yellow or white, black or brown streaks. It is mostly found on the banks of Narmada and Indus. It has miraculous virtues.

(Soap stone): This yellow coloured stone has green radiance. It is mostly used to make utensils. It is a strange kind of stone that destroys the effects of poison. It is found in Tibet, India and Iran.

(Milk stone): It is an ordinary stone not commonly used for astrological purposes. It is mostly used in cosmetics and to make utensils and idols. It has a peculiar smoothness. Many experts do not regard it as a true gemstone.

Peridot: This parrot-green coloured stone is prescribed as a substitute for emerald. It is found in Norway, Arizona (USA), Mexico, Myanmar and the island of St. John.

(Fountain): It is a pastel coloured stone not frequently used for astrological purposes. Water kept in the utensil made of Jharana doe not stay in it but finds a way out and seeps out.

Thedi: It is also an ordinary stone, black in colour and mostly used in making utensils.

Dur: It is a strong, smooth stone mostly used in utensil making due to its high density and opaque appearance.

Garnet: It is mostly used as a substitute for ruby. It is bright red or pink in colour. In Sanskrit it is known as ‘Tamra Mani’.

Tursava: This pink coloured stone is mostly used in making utensils.

Tourmaline: This semi-stone is available in many colours, but white tourmaline is most common and used as a substitute for diamond though it has less density than diamond.

Kidney stone: Mostly found in green colour and resembles pistachio. It is highly beneficial in the diseases of kidney and urinary bladder. Hence it is known as kidney stone.

Sardonyx: This brown stone appears to have a dual structure. It has white or brown streaks on the surface.

Smoky Quartz: This transparent stone is mostly available in smoky colours besides black, yellow and brown. It is mostly found in Switzerland and North Carolina (USA) and is mostly used in making idols, toys and goggles.

Spinel Ruby: This stone is mostly found in pink colour though shades like green, yellow, orange, blue and violet are also common. It is used as a substitute for ruby. It is found in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Brazil, USA and India.

Blue Sapphire: This highly famous stone is composed of aluminum oxide. It is regarded as the most respected as well as the most dangerous stone. Its positive as well as negative effects are manifested from within hours to days. Though found in many countries like USA, Java, Thailand, Australia, Sri Lanka etc. but the sapphire found in Kashmir province of India is the most beautiful and expensive. Sapphire is often compared with notorious anti-biotic penicillin because of its accelerated effects. In Sanskrit it is known as Neel Mani, Indraneel Mani, in Urdu it is known as Yakoob, Kabood. Blue Sapphire is one of the Navratna.

Emerald: This green coloured stone is used to please mercury. It is bright, transparent stone with brilliant green colour and is very expensive. The best grade of emerald comes from South American countries, Columbia and Brazil.

Panghat: This translucent stone is found in white, black and green colours. It appears to contain water inside it and hence looks very attractive. It is mostly used in making ornaments and toys.

Blood stone: This opaque, green stone has a number of small red dots on it hence its named as blood stone. It is found in India and Siberian region of Russia.

Sang-e-panni: This green coloured stone is a potential substitute for emerald. It is available both in transparent and opaque forms and is used in making utensils also.

Pukhraj (Topaz or Yellow Sapphire): This rare, beautiful and expensive jewel is one of the Navratna. The best type of topaz has a brilliant yellow colour like the flowers of mustard or amaltas (Cassia fistula) and is transparent. This stone is worn to please Jupiter. In Sanskrit, topaz is known as Pushparaj, Pushparag, Peet Mani; in Gujarati it is known as Peeluraj. In Arabic and Persian it is Jard Yakoot and Asper.

Rock Crystal: This white coloured hard, transparent stone is universally available and appears like an ice crystal. It is used as a substitute for the pearl and the diamond and is worn for an increment in fortune and knowledge.

Aquamarine: This transparent stone is available in blue and green colours. People who undertake frequent voyages mostly wear it for good fortune. And indeed aquamarine is believed to enhance fortune.

Baansi: This opaque and soft stone has a colour like under-sea vegetation. It is mostly used in making utensils.

Marble: Hardly anybody will be unaware of this famous stone. White marble is mostly used in the construction of buildings and statues. Besides white, marble is available in slaty, green and black colours also.

Marium: This stone also resembles marble closely and is used in the manufacture of household items. Flint stone: This seemingly ordinary stone had sustained human life in primitive era when people used this stone to make fire. In Sanskrit it is known as ‘Agni Paashaan’. Rubbing of brown, black or pastel flint stones produces sparks.

1 This black stone has a structure that resembles the web of a spider. It is mostly used in manufacturing purposes.

Margaz: This stone is regarded as a potential substitute for emerald because of its bright green colour. It is also available in violet, white and black shades. Margaz is found aplenty in Tibet, Greece, Myanmar, Siberia and New Zealand.

Ruby: This jewel also belongs to Navratna category. This highly expensive and transparent stone is available in red and pink colours. It is the main stone of the sun. Though found in many countries like Thailand, Sri Lanka and China but the best type of rubies come from Myanmar. In Sanskrit ruby is known as Padmaraag and Kuruvind while in Urdu it is Surkh Yakoot.

This black stone has a structure that resembles the web of a spider. It is mostly used in manufacturing purposes. Margaz: This stone is regarded as a potential substitute for emerald because of its bright green colour. It is also available in violet, white and black shades. Margaz is found aplenty in Tibet, Greece, Myanmar, Siberia and New Zealand.

Ruby: This jewel also belongs to Navratna category. This highly expensive and transparent stone is available in red and pink colours. It is the main stone of the sun. Though found in many countries like Thailand, Sri Lanka and China but the best type of rubies come from Myanmar. In Sanskrit ruby is known as Padmaraag and Kuruvind while in Urdu it is Surkh Yakoot.

Jet: This black coloured smooth and shining stone has both astrological as well as construction uses. Often, this stone is also called as black marble.

Coral: Coral is infact fossilized rocks formed from the sedimentation of dead tiny organisms named coral. It is mostly red in colour though white and pink corals are also common. The best type of coral comes from Italy. In Sanskrit. Coral is known as ‘Pravaal’, ‘Vidram’, ‘Angaarak Mani’. In Urdu, it is known as ‘Mirjaan’ or ‘Marjaan’.

Pearl: Pearls also have an organic origin counted among stones because of their miraculous properties. Now a days culturing of pearls is a popular business. Pearl is worn to please the moon and correct mental disturbances and abdominal diseases. Mostly pearls are in white in colour though shades of yellow, blue, black and pink are also common. Excellent pearls come from Basra, a traditional centre of pearl trade in Iraq. In Sanskrit, pearl is known as Muktak, Muktaa, Mauktik while in Arabian and Urdu it is known as Gauhar.

Mritangaar: It is a solid isotrophe of carbon that begins to glow like fire when rubbed or polished and appears like cinder.

Jasper: This opaque stone is available in red, blue, white, yellow and green colours. It is mostly found in Myanmar, Egypt, Iran, China and North America.

Jew stone: This stone has more medicinal than astrological uses. It is effective in the treatment of respiratory disorders, asthama and renal diseases.

Carnelian: This red coloured stone is mostly used in the treatment of fevers.
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Cat’s eye: This stone is available in white, brown, black and green colours and appears like the eyes of a cat. This also belongs to Navratna category and is worn to please the shadow planet Ketu. It has distinct streaks known as cosmic threads that appear to move when the stone is seen from different angles in flood light. In Sanskrit it is known as Vadurya Mani and Vidalaaksh while in Gujarati it is Lassuniyo and in Bangla it is known as Sutra Mani.

Lapis Lazuli: This blue coloured, transparent stone has brilliant golden spots on it. In ancient times Lapis Lazuli was regarded as Sapphire. Even today it is used as a potential substitute for the true Sapphire. It is mostly found in Afghanistan, Chile and Siberia.

Spinel: This pink stone is powerful substitute for ruby. Occasionally it is found in black, green and white shades also. It is mostly mined in Brazil, Myanmar, India and Australia.

Ludhia: This red coloured opaque stone is universally available and is used in construction purposes mostly. It is mainly quarried near Chitrakoot on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Seezari: Being green in colour, this stone is used as a substitute for emerald.

Twinkling stone: Known as Sang-E-Sitara in Persian, this ochre colour stone has a number of twinkling dots. But you can hardly find a genuine twinkle stone in the market and as long as it is not genuine it cannot produce its effects.

Sangi: This beautiful stone is available in almost all colours. And mostly found in the rivers of Himalayas. It is mostly used to make decorative items and utensils.

Sargahi: Naturally this stone is found in triangular shape and white and brown colours carried mostly in the Persian Gulf.

Simac: This white spotted and dull stone is mostly used in making mortars and tumblers.

Singli: This opaque stone is available in red and pink colours and regarded as a substitute for ruby. Mostly quarried in Mysore region of Karnataka.

Vermilion stone: Though ordinary in appearance this stone has tremendous astrological importance. It is mostly available in pink colour.

Citrine: This transparent, lime coloured stone is regarded as a substitute for topaz. Often known as golden quartz, this stone sometimes appears more beautiful than true topaz.

Gold fly: This white coloured stone has a tinge of red and is used more as medicine than for pleasing the planets.

Sun stone: This strange stone is available in orange, red and yellow colours and appears like a cinder. In Sanskrit it is known as Angar Mani in Persian as Sand-e-atash. It is mostly found in Norway and Siberia.

Cibar: This opaque stone belongs to the jewel category. Available in green, this stone has almond-coloured streaks.

Hawas: This ordinary stone is available in golden colours.

Halan Larza: This pink stone has strange brilliance. When moved in flood-light waves appear to rise in this stone.

Diamond: Hardly anybody will be unaware of this famous jewel. This brilliant, attractive and transparent stone has white, blue and reddish hues. It has miraculous. Latent powers which are both constructive as well as destructive. It is the hardest substance known to man. It is a precious stone very dear to Venus.

Philosopher’s stone: Real existence of this stone is i except in folklore. Hence, describing its physical properties is very difficult job. It is a common belief that any metal can be turned into gold by a mere touch of philosopher’s stone.

Since the beginning of civilization, gemstones have always been thought to possess metaphysical powers. All the main ancient cultures, Vedic Aryan, Egyptian, Mayan, and Greek, had used these colorful and shiny pebbles for ritualistic, sacramental and healing purposes. The idea of using gemstones as solely item of adornment and wealth was a later development; yet, even this shift of perception, had originally an occult reason behind it.
Gems seems to have a special power, a transcendental quality that go beyond their colorful mirror, the thought of far away lands and mysterious places.

In ancient India, a number of Sanskrit texts on gems have been written.
Of a purely scientific, gemological knowledge are works like “Ratnapariksa” (literally ‘Gemology’), and “Mani-Mala”. More specifically, the “Graha-Gocara Jyautisha”, the “Garuda Purana”, the “Brhat Samhita”, the “Agni Purana” are the texts dealing with planetary gemology.

As we already know, according to Vedic astrology, nine main gemstones are associated with nine planets. Associated with the sun is the RUBY, with the moon is the PEARL, with mars is the RED CORAL, with mercury is the EMERALD, with Jupiter is the YELLOW SAPPHIRE, with Venus is the DIAMOND, with Saturn is the BLUE SAPPHIRE, with Rahu is the HESSONITE GARNET, and with Ketu is the CAT’S EYE CHRYSOBERYL.

It is clearly stated in many passages of the different Vedic texts that “inward luster, transparency, illumination with rays, sparkle, free from impurities and good formation of the shape are the characteristics of good gems” (Agni Purana, 246.13-14).
“Gems are not good if they are sandy, cracked within, scratched, stained, if they are lusterless, rough, dull or mixed with mineral substances even though they may have all the characteristic features of their family” (Garuda Purana, 70.18).
“Since a jewel (gem) endowed with good characteristics ensure good luck, prosperity and success to kings, and one with bad ones, disaster and misfortune, connoisseurs ought to examine their fortune depending on jewels (gems)” (Brhat Samhita, 80.1-3).

“If anyone wears a gem of many flaws out of ignorance, then grief, anxiety, sickness, death, loss of wealth and other evils will torment him” (Garuda Purana, 70.19).

A special attention needs to be addressed to the always-included emeralds. References from the Sanskrit texts claim that emerald inclusions are accepted, as far as the inclusions are not detracting from the overall transparency and beauty of the gem.
“Experts in gems are inclined to say that the following types of emeralds are of good potency: Emerald that has dark green color or the color of a spring meadow, a soft glow, that is not highly complicated (referring to inclusions), hewn in different ways and appear to be stuffed with gold dust (still referring to very small inclusions); emerald that is endowed with qualities of shape, even shade all over, sufficient heaviness and shoots diffusion of light when sun’s rays fall on it” (Garuda Purana, 71.12-15)

To summarize, a planetary Jyotish gem should possess an eye flawless clarity, appealing color, good cutting, and a sweet feeling or “life” that will undoubtedly be felt by the person choosing that particular gem. As a general rule, it is advisable that the gem be of the finest quality affordable, and…the larger the better.
The use of alternative gemstones is practiced as well, especially for those gems which can be expensive over two carats sizes, such as diamonds and rubies. It is found, however that the alternative gem has a milder effect than the correspondent main gem. See in the table below the alternative gems, metals, and fingers used to wear rings related to the main gem and the correspondent planet.

Planet

Metal

Finger

Main Gem

Alternatives

SUN

Gold

Ring

RUBY

Rhodolite, red tourmaline, red spinel

MOON

Silver

Ring

PEARL

Moonstone

JUPITER

Gold

Index

YELLOW SAPPHIRE

Topaz, Heliodor, citrine

MARS

Gold

Ring

RED CORAL

Carnelian

RAHU

White gold

Middle

HESSONITE

Orange zircon

MERCURY

Gold

Pinkie

EMERALD

Tourmaline, peridot, chrysophrase, jade

VENUS

Gold

Middle

DIAMOND

White sapphire, damburite, white zircon

SATURN

White/yellow Gold

Middle

BLUE SAPPHIRE

Amethyst, blue spinel, iolite

KETU

White Gold

Middle

CAT’S EYE

Opal or tourmaline cat’s eye

GEMOPATHY: TREATMENT OF DISEASES WITH THE HELP OF THE GEMS

Almost all the gems have some kind of medicinal properties. But the jewels that belong to Navratna category are famous for their medicinal properties as well besides their divine virtues.

Treatment of a particular disease with the help of a gemstone is known as Gemopathy. It is very wide subject. Following is a brief description of the medicinal values of the jewels that belong to the Navratna category.

GEMstones for curing various diseases.

Ruby: Heart disorders, hallucination, fear, confusion, eye disorders etc.
Pearl: Blood disorders, semetic disorders, mental instability, abdominal diseases.
Coral: Insanity, epilepsy, coma, hallucinations and disorders of the brain.
Emerald: Loss of voice, insomnia, effects of poison, skin diseases and insomnia.
Yellow Sapphire: Lethargy, heaviness, liver disorders, breast-related diseases.
Diamond: Mouth diseases, impotency, loss of voice, semetic disorders etc.
Blue Sapphire Insanity, wind diseases, abdominal disorders, infertility.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE GEMSTONES

Almost all the gems have some kind of medicinal properties. But the jewels that belong to Navratna category are famous for their medicinal properties as well besides their divine virtues.

Treatment of a particular disease with the help of a gemstone is known as Gemopathy. It is very wide subject. Following is a brief description of the medicinal values of the jewels that belong to the Navratna category.

With the development of science, gemstones have been subjected to detailed scientific scrutiny and their chemical composition has been revealed. Following is a brief discussion of chemical composition of the jewels that belong to Navratna category.

1) Ruby: This is the stone of the sun and hence has a supreme position among the Navrartnas. The sun is the centre of the solar system. Ruby is an extremely expensive and rare stone. It has a hardness of 9 and a refractive index of 1.716 to 1.77 and a specific density of 4.03. Aluminum oxide (AlO) is the main constituent of ruby. Pink colour of the ruby is due to the presence of chromium oxide (CrO).

Ruby is next to diamond only in hardness. Sometimes it surpasses even diamond in beauty and value. All types of rubies appear similar superficially but a deep scrutiny reveals many distinct differences among them. These are as follows-

1) Kuruvind Manikya.
2) Neelgandh Manikya.
3) Padma Manikya.
4) Jamuni Manikya.
5) Saugandhik Manikya.

Pearl: This gem of the moon is at the second position among Navratnas. It is both natural as well as cultured. Both kinds of pearls impart mental peace in the wearer. Pearl is basically not a stone. It has organic origin and develops inside the sea-shells.

Cultured pearls are produced by artificially inseminating the shells. This method has been perfected in Japan. Chemically, pearl has calcium carbonate and an organic compound named conchiolin. It has a hardness of 3.5 to 4.0 and a specific density of 2.50 to 2.75. It is opaque and cannot be burnt. Excellent pearls come from the Persian gulf. Following are the kinds of pearl-

1) Shankmukta (Conch Pearl)
2) Gajamukta (Elephant Pearl)
3) Shukarmukta (Boar Pearl)
4) Sarpamukta (Snake Pearl)
5) Abhramukta (Mica Pearl)
6) Meenmukta (Fish Pearl)
7) Bansamukta (Bamboo Pearl)

As per the qualities pearl has following types-

1) Dhanmukta.
2) Snigdhmukta.
3) Asphutitmukta.
4) Suvritmukta.
5) Sutarmukta.
6) Nirmalmukta.
7) Succhmukta.
8) Sudhamukta.

Coral: Like pearl, Coral also is not a true stone. In fact it is fossilized from a tiny sea creature known as corals. Coral is worn to please the Mars. Heat and light of the sun play a major role in the formation of coral. Its specific density is 2.65; refractive index 1.486 to 1.66 and hardness is 4.0. Coral reacts with hydrochloric acid to form froth. When touched by a hot wire coral smells like burning hair. Coral has following types-

1) Brahmin coral.
2) Kshatriya coral.
3) Vaishya coral.
4) Shudra coral.

Emerald: This green coloured stone is also a prominent jewel among the Navratnas. It is worn to please Mercury. It has a specific density of about 3.0; hardness 8.0 and refractive index of 1.6. Emerald is usually transparent in appearance and is composed of aluminium and berilium silicate. Some people incorrectly call it as aquamarine. Often emerald is more expensive than diamond. As per the appearance, colour, clarity and radiance, emerald has following types-

1) Brahmin emerald.
2) Kshatriya emerald.
3) Vaishya emerald.
4) Shudra emerald.
Yellow Sapphire (Topaz): This yellow coloured transparent jewel is the main stone of Jupiter. It is extremely expensive, rare and enchanting gem. Some experts regard yellow sapphire as a crystalline mineral. Chemically it is aluminum fluorosilicate. It has the hardness of 8; refractive index 1.63 and specific density of 3.5 to 3.6.

Diamond: It is regarded as the ‘king of the gems’. This white coloured transparent and radiant stone is worn to please Venus. Chemically, diamond is a crystalline isotrophe of carbon and with a hardness of 10, it is the hardest known substance on earth. It has a specific density of 3.15 to 3.55 and a refractive index of 2.5. Diamond has following types as per the colour-

Brahmin diamond.
Kshatriya diamond.
Vaishya diamond.
Shudra diamond.

Apart from these, on the basis of clarity, diamond has following types-

1) Polluted diamond.
2) Crow-foot diamond.
3) Dotted diamond.
4) Blemished diamond.
5) Grained diamond.
6) Streaked diamond.
7) Cursed diamond.

There are many evidences in the history that show the profound creative as well as destructive qualities of the diamond. Many diamonds like Kohinoor, Calinen, King Orloff are very famous in human history.

Blue Sapphire: It is the most talked about gem that belongs to Navratna category. This beautiful attractive and transparent gem is the main stone of Saturn and has tremendous powers. Basically, sapphire, topaz and ruby belong to same class of stones. A slight variation in colour differentiates them from one another. Aluminum oxide is the main constituent of blue sapphire. In hardness, specific density and refractive index sapphire is similar to topaz and ruby.

Agate (Hassonite): This stone also belongs to Navratna category and is available in black, light brown and amber colours.

Cat’s eye: This opaque but miraculous stone also belongs to Navratna category. It is available in many colours like white, sky blue, black and green. Green cat’s eye is the most expensive. It is worn to please Ketu.

SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF WEARING GEMSTONES
Questions related to importance of gemstones and their effects on the well being of the wearers have always stirred the thoughts of human beings. Does the wearing of gemstones have any scientific basis or is it mere superstition?

The answer is simple as that ” All the energy present in the the world comes from one source that is our Sun Surya this same energy is found in different forms mainly distributed in five elements, nine planets, etc

A specific gemstone absorbs the energy fom the sun as battery and transform the energy to a dif forms of energy depending on their respective planets .the Metal of the ring or chain acts like electric connection between the specfic points in the hands or the body.

the part of energy of the respective planets which is needed by the person is thus regained by the help of the Gem stone.

Gemmology is an important part of astrology and it has never been mentioned in it that one, who wants good fortune, should give up his efforts and come to depend upon the fortune entirely. In fact, both fate and action are two sides of the same coin and have their own importance. Neither of them is complete alone. Only working together action and fate can give synergic results.

HOW DO THE GEMSTONES EXERT THEIR EFFECTS?

We have so far clarified that every gemstone has some kind of miraculous powers which is often referred to as divine powers. According to its colour, every gem represents a planet of the matching colour. As for example, Venus has white colour hence it is represented by diamond. Red or pink ruby similarly represents the sun and yellow sapphire represents Jupiter.

Every gemstone has the power to draw energy or beams from its respective planet and channelise it into the wearer’s body. This property of a gemstone is helpful in exerting its influence in miraculous ways.

Each gem of the Navratna category represents a planet of the solar system. When we wish to enjoy the favourable effects of a particular planet, we wear the stone representing that planet on our fingers, neck or arm. It is also important here to know that stone of a particular planet must be worn on the finger that represents it. In astrology, every finger is believed to represent a particular planet viz. Thumb represents Venus, index finger represents Jupiter, middle finger represents Saturn, ring finger represents the sun and little finger represents Mercury.

Suppose a particular planet is not strong enough in the horoscope of a person and a person was hence suggested to wear the stone that represents that planet. The stone draws positive energy from the planet and channelises it into the body of the wearer. The planet, since then, begins to bestow its good effect on the person who then climbs the ladder of success quickly, reaps great benefits and enjoys good food. Now even if the person doesn’t make fervent efforts, the luck still gives him strong support.

Effects of the stones can be compared with the way modern medicine employs to remove the deficiency of vitamins in body. As for example green vegetables are prescribed to remove the deficiency of vitamin A and iron and basking is suggested to correct the disturbances in the level of vitamin D. Similarly stones are suggested to remove the deficiencies in the influence of particular planet.

People blinded by the dazzles of modernity do not reject the prescription of modern medicine. In fact they cannot do so. Thus, they have no moral right to reject the science that had helped since millenia, millions of people to live a healthy life and reap good fortune

There are many more reasons behind the gemstones being effective to channelise the influence of a particular planet. Each of the nine planets represents many fields of activity, things and human conditions

Let us see now which planet governs which of the fields-

ZODIAC SIGN LORD FIELDS CONTROLLED BY LORD PLANET
LEO LORD Right eye, nervous system, heart diseases,Medicines, prestige, technology.
Cancer Moon Mind, water, cough, arts, silver, romance,`Water-borne diseases, feminity, left eye.
Aries/Scorpio Mars Blood, blood disorders, firework, army,land, credit, anger, copper, bile.
Gemini/Virgo Mercury Neuterity, singing, mathematics, Accounts, share market, brokerage,Bronze, disorders related to voice.
Sagittarius/Pisces Jupiter Son, spirituality, gold, politics, study of Vedas, teaching, writing, jaundice.
Taurus/Libra Venus Cotton, luxury, silver/platinum, poetry,Acting, dancing, venereal diseases and Physical strength.
Capricorn/ Aquarius Iron, indifferences, pettiness, technology, wind-borne diseases, service, forgery.
Rahu Gambling, smuggling, Arabian countries,Drinking of wine, abdominal diseases,Anal disorders.
Ketu Skin diseases, mica, ghosts, poltergeists,impracticality.

The specific studies on this matter has shown that the cosmic color spectrums emanated by the different planets, are very similar to the color spectrums of the correspondent gems.
The cosmic energy of the planet is reflected on the human body through the gem and creates an effect by absorption and reflection of the rays and vibrations.
The gem acts as a filter and produces good or evil effect, depending on the need of the body.
Like the crystals used in radio technology are the fundamental constituents of transmitting, receiving and transforming invisible energy into sound, thus the crystalline structure of gemstones attract and condense the cosmic, planetary energies that rain from sky to earth and transform them for use by the human physiology.
By keeping the proper gemstones in touch with the body, profound and significant changes can take place overtime.
To conclude, now more than any other period in history, where the knowledge and technology of natural gemstones has reached a peak, a divine science is again made available to anyone to fulfill mankind’s dream of life free from problems and negativity. Natural, very effective and magnificent gemstones that demand no will power or effort whatsoever, are available now to transform our lives radically.

SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF WEARING GEMSTONES

IN WHICH CIRCUMSTANCES GEMSTONE SHOULD NOT BE WORN

When your astrologer forbids you from wearing a stone, you should follow his advice by all means. Secondly, if you are not having full faith in the gems and their powers, you should not go for them. This point is more psychological than astrological. We are all aware of the positive and negative thoughts and their consequences. Any of these two types of thoughts, when developed beyond a certain limit, comes to dominate the life of a person. If a person has more negative thoughts, his whole outlook for life becomes highly pessimistic. Such a condition is recognised as a mental disorder described as ‘inferiority complex’. Similarly, if your whole thinking about the gemstones and their influence is negative and still you decide to wear the gemstone, the probability is that it will manifest more negative influences than positive. It is therefore highly imperative to cultivate positive attitude for the gemstones before deciding to wear one.

DWIJW, TIRTHE, MANTRE, AUSHADHE, BHESHAJE GURAU | YADRISHI BHAWANA YASYA TADRISHI PHALAM LABHET ||

That means, pilgrimage, Brahmin, mantra, gemstones, medicines and teacher give the same result as one has feelings about them.

No matter how beautiful and attractive it might appear. Besides, if a particular gemstone is specially forbidden for you, you should not wear it in any circumstance because such a gemstone may prove lethal for you. This fact particularly applies to diamond and blue sapphire. These two stones are particularly notorious for ruining the life of even a person of kingly status.

DIFFERENT BASIS OF WEARING GEMSTONE

Three questions are naturally linked with everything we do : Why? When? And How? These questions also arise in the case of gemstones. We have already discussed about the first two questions. Let us now consider the third question How? How should a gemstone be worn?

There is no single basis for wearing a gemstone. According to their experience and knowledge, experts express different opinions regarding wearing of stones. In different communities, there are different religious reasons for wearing the stones. Our learned sages and savants have proposed different provisions to wear a particular gemstone. Many of these provisions are universally accepted and there is no difference of opinion about them. Astrologers and experts from ancient as well as modern ages seem to have similar opinions about these provisions.

WEARING OF A STONE AS PER THE ASCENDANT HOUSE

Deep scrutiny of your horoscope may reveal more than one reason why you should wear a gemstone. But the most important and fool-proof reason is the position of ascendant house in your horoscope and position of its ruling planet. If the ruling planet of the ascendant house is in a weak position, the whole horoscope can be safely designated as weak. In such a horoscope, other planets too cannot show their full influence no matter how powerful they are.

The most important logic behind this provision is that, the ascendant house is the most important factor in one’s horoscope. It actually represents the soul of the person in question. Its position is akin to that of heart. If the heart is weak, the whole body suffers from many kinds of ailments and other parts appear quite helpless.

If the ascendant house is weak in a horoscope, wearing of gemstones are related to planets other than the ruler of the ascendant house proves fruitless. All the experts therefore unanimously opine in favour of a strong ascendant house even if reaping of benefits from other well placed planets is desirable. Almost all the astrologers therefore suggest to wear the stone that is related to the ruling planet of the ascendant house. Let us see now which gem is related to which of the ascendant houses. In a horoscope, there are twelve houses that represent all the twelve zodiac signs. In the horoscope given here, fifth house is ascendant. It represents the zodiac sign Leo. In other words, in the given horoscope, Leo is the ascendant house. Sun is the lord of this house. We have already discussed that ruby is the stone for the Sun. Hence, the person who has Leo as his ascendant house in his horoscope must wear ruby.

Similarly, people with ascendant house Aries should wear coral, those with ascendant house Taurus should wear diamond, those with Gemini must wear emerald, those with Cancer must wear pearl, those with Leo should wear ruby, those with Virgo should wear emerald, those with Libra must wear diamond, those with Scorpio must wear coral, those with Sagittarius must wear topaz, those with Capricorn and Aquarius must wear blue sapphire and people with ascendant house Pisces must wear topaz.

Ascendant house Aries: Mars is the ruling planet of this house. It will be beneficial for the people with Aries as the ascendant house to wear coral but such people may also wear ruby, pearl or topaz and reap rich benefits. Such people may also go for the following combinations of the gemstones: coral, pearl and ruby; coral, ruby and topaz or coral, topaz and pearl. These combinations prove extremely beneficial for such people.

Ascendant house Taurus: Venus is the ruling planet of this house. It will be beneficial for the people with Taurus as their ascendant house to wear diamond. But such people may also wear blue sapphire for Saturn and emerald for Mercury. They may also go for the various combinations of these gemstones.

Ascendant house Gemini: Mercury is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people who have Gemini as the ascendant house must wear emerald. They may also wear diamond or both of the gems together.

Ascendant house Cancer: Moon is the lord of this house. Hence the people with Cancer as the ascendant house must wear pearl. They may also wear coral. In the opinion of some experts, such people may also wear ruby and topaz.

Ascendant house Leo: Sun is the lord of this house. Hence, the people with Leo as the ascendant house must wear ruby. Besides it, they may also wear coral, pearl and topaz as well either alone or in combination. However, among these stones, coral will yield highest benefit while pearl and topaz may exert somewhat weaker influence.

Ascendant house Virgo: Mercury is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Virgo as ascendant house must wear emerald. Some experts however believe that such people may also be benefited from pearl.

Ascendant house Libra: Venus is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Libra as the ascendant house must wear diamond. Apart from it, they may also wear and reap benefits from blue sapphire and emerald.

Ascendant house Scorpio: Mars is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Scorpio as the ascendant house must wear coral. They may also wear ruby, pearl and topaz.

Ascendant house Sagittarius: Jupiter is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Sagittarius as the ascendant house must wear topaz. They may also wear ruby because the position of sun in their horoscope is usually strong.

Ascendant house Capricorn: Saturn is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Capricorn as the ascendant house must wear blue sapphire. They may also wear diamond and pearl, if the position of moon is strong in their horoscope.

Ascendant house Aquarius: Saturn is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Aquarius as the ascendant house must wear blue sapphire. They may also wear diamond.

Ascendant house Pisces: Jupiter is the ruling planet of this house. Hence the people with Pisces as the ascendant house must wear topaz. They may also wear pearl. Some experts suggest that such people may also wear ruby and emerald but the beneficial influence of these two gems is doubtful.

WHICH STONE IS FORBIDDEN FOR WHICH ASCENDANT HOUSE

People with a particular zodiac sign as ascendant house in their horoscope may wear different gemstones in combination, similarly there is a complete list of gemstones that are forbidden for the people with a particular ascendant house. Wearing of such stones may lead to relegation and the wearer may have to suffer serious losses instead of reaping rich benefits.

Aries: People with ascendant house Aries should not wear diamond and emerald. Many experts forbid even blue sapphire for these people. But they believe that if the position of Saturn is strong in horoscope, such people can safely wear blue sapphire.

Taurus: Due to mutual hostility between Venus, lord of Taurus, and Jupiter, topaz is forbidden for people with Taurus as the ascendant house. Some experts even forbid coral and ruby for such people.

1 Gemini: People with Gemini as the ascendant house must not wear coral, pearl, ruby and topaz. Some experts forbid even blue sapphire for such people but allow it in combination with emerald.

Cancer: People with Cancer as the ascendant house must not wear emerald, diamond and blue sapphire.

Leo: Diamond, blue sapphire and pearl are strictly forbidden for the people with Leo as the ascendant house.

Virgo: Coral, ruby and blue sapphire is forbidden for such people.

Libra: Wearing of ruby, coral and topaz may prove harmful for the people with Libra as the ascendant house. They may wear pearl only when suggested by some expert astrologer to channelise the influence of moon. Scorpio: People with Scorpio as the ascendant house must not wear diamond, blue sapphire and emerald. Sagittarius: Diamond, blue sapphire, pearl and emerald prove extremely harmful for the people with Sagittarius as the ascendant house. Capricorn: Wearing ruby, pearl and topaz may prove to be torturous for the people with Capricorn as the ascendant house. Coral however proves beneficial. Aquarius: Ruby, pearl, coral, emerald and topaz are particularly harmful for the people with Aquarius as the ascendant house. Pisces: Ruby, emerald, diamond and blue sapphire are forbidden for the people with Pisces as the ascendant house.

RITUALS OF WEARING GEMSTONES

Ruby: This is a gemstone of the Sun. Hence it should be worn on Sunday. The time before 8 a.m. in the morning on any Sunday during the brighter phase is the most auspicious moment for wearing ruby. At this moment, ruby must be given a bath in Panchamrit or raw milk. Thereafter wash it with holy water. Now put it before the Sun yantra or the idol of your tutelary deity in the place of your worship. Carry out usual worship rituals and recite the hymn of Sun 7,000 or 108 times. Then with full faith and devotion, wear the ruby-containing ring on the ring finger of your right hand. Ruby is especially beneficial if worn in gold. Ruby remains effective for up to 4 years from the day of wearing it.

HYMNS OF THE SUN

1) OM HRAM HREEM HRAUM SURYAY NAMAH |

2) OM SURYAY NAMAH |

3) OM JAPAKUSUMASANKASHAM KASHPEYAM MAHADYUTIM TAMOARI SARV PAPADHNAM PRANATOASMI DIVAKARAM |

If a learned Brahmin carries out the whole ritual and he is given proper donations, the effect of the gem increases manifold due to the blessings of the Brahmin.

Pearl: Pearl is the gem for the Moon. Hence it should be worn on Monday. Full moon night on any Monday is the most auspicious day to wear pearl. Alternatively, Monday falling during brighter phase of the moon is also auspicious. Before wearing the pearl, give it a bath in Panchamrit (Milk, curd, ghee, sugar and honey) or raw milk. Then wash it with holy water and put it before the Moon yantra. In the absence of Moon yantra, place it before the idol of tutelary God in your place of worship. Offer then unbroken rice, sandal paste, incense sticks etc. and carry out usual worship rituals. Recite the hymn of Moon 11,000 times. If it is not possible, recite it 108 times. Then with full faith and devotion, wear pearl on the ring finger of your right hand. Pearl should be worn in silver for maximum benefits. Pearl remains effective for a period of 4 years from the day of wearing it.

HYMNS OF THE MOON

1) OM SHRAM SHREEM SHRAUM SAH CHANDRAMASE NAMAH|
2) OM CHANDRAY NAMAH|
3) OM DADHISHANKHTUSHARABHAM KSHEERODARNAN SAMBAHVAM NAMAMI SHASHIM SOMAM SHABHOMUNKUT BHUSHANAM |

Coral: This is the stone of Mars. Hence it should be worn on Tuesday. Select any Tuesday in the darker phase of the month. Time of 11 a.m. is the most auspicious moment for sanctifying this stone. First of all, wash it in ‘Panchamrit’ or raw milk and put it before Mangal Yantra or the idol of your tutelary deity or in the place of worship in your house. Now carry on as usual rituals of worship. If possible recite the hymn of Mars ten thousand times. If it is not possible, recite it one hundred and eight times. Then with devotional feelings, wear coral in the ring finger of your right hand.

If it is Mrigshira, Chitra, Dhanishta Nakshatras during that moment, wearing of coral gives specially beneficial results. Coral should be worn in copper or gold ring. It can also be worn in silver. Wearing of it in an alloy of all these three metals gives quick results. Coral remains effective for three years.

The hymns for Mars are as follows:

1) OM KRAM KREEM KRAUM BHAUMAYA NAMAH
2) OM BHUMISUTAY NAMAH
3) OM MANGALAAY\BHAUMAYA NAMAH

Emerald: It is the stone of Mercury. Hence it is worn on Wednesday. It should be worn in gold or silver but wearing of it in bronze or an alloy of two metals gives quick results. If it is worn during Ashlesha, Jyeshtha or Revati Nakshatras on Wednesday after proper worship at about 11 a.m., it proves specially beneficial. Emerald should be worn on the little finger of the right hand.

First of all give the emerald-bearing ring a bath in Panchamrit or raw milk and wash it with the holy water of the Ganges. Put it then before yantra or picture of Mercury or before the idol of deity at the place of worship. Worship the ring then properly.

Then recite the hymn of Mercury four thousand times or one hundred and eight times and ultimately wear the stone. Emerald remains effective for three years.

HYMNS OF MERCURY
1) OM BRAAM BREEM BRAUM SAH BUDDHAI NAMAH
2) OM HVAM HLEEM BUM GREHANAATH BUDDHAI NAMAH
3) OM BUDDHAI NAMAH

Topaz: Topaz is the stone of Jupiter. Hence it should be worn on Thursday. On any Thursday at about 11 a.m. give a topaz-bearing ring a bath in Panchamrit or in raw milk and wash it in holy water of the Ganges. Put the ring then in the place of your worship and carry out usual worship rituals. Then pray Brihaspati and Lord Vishnu and wear the ring on the index finger of your right hand. Under some circumstances, it can be worn on the ring finger also. Topaz must necessarily be worn in gold. If you cannot afford gold, you can opt for silver as well. If it is Pushya Nakshatra on Thursday, it will be extremely auspicious conjugation for wearing Topaz. Topaz remains effective for more than four years.

HYMNS OF JUPITER (BRIHASPATI)

1) OM GRAM GREEM GRAUM SAH GURUVE NAMAH
2) OM AEM SHRI BRIHASPATYE NAMAH
3) OM BRIHASPATEY\GURUVE NAMAH

Diamond: Diamond is the main stone from Navratna category. It’s a stone of Venus. Hence it is worn on any Friday. Time of 11 a.m. on any Friday during the darker phase of the month is the most auspicious moment for wearing diamond. First of all, wash the diamond ring with Panchamrit or raw milk, then with holy Ganges water. Worship the ring properly thereafter and recite the hymn of Venus (Shukra) 16,000 or 108 times. Then praying and begging pardon for any shortcoming in the rituals wear the ring on the ring or middle finger of your right hand. Diamond is specially beneficial in silver ring. It can also be worn in platinum ring but never in gold or other metals. Diamond remains effective for about seven years. If diamond is worn during Bharani, Purva Phalguni or Purva Sharh Nakshatra, it gives extremely beneficial results.

HYMNS OF VENUS

1) OM DRAM DREEM DRAUM SAH SHUKRAYA NAMAH
2) OM AEM JUM GEEM SHUKRAYA NAMAH
3) OM BRIGHU PUTRAYA NAMAH
4) OM SHUKRAYA NAMAH

Blue Sapphire: This is the stone of Saturn, hence it should be worn on Saturday. On any Saturday, during the darker phase at the time of 12 p.m. is the most auspicious for wearing blue sapphire. Wash the sapphire ring in Panchamrit or raw milk and then in holy water. Put it in the place of worship and carry out worship rituals properly. Recite the hymn of Saturn 23,000 or 108 times. Then praying and begging pardon for shortcomings committed, wear it on the middle finger of your right hand. Sapphire can be worn in gold, silver or steel but it is especially beneficial in an alloy of five metals.

HYMNS OF SATURN

1) OM PRAM PREEM PRAUM SAH SHANAYE NAMAH
2) OM HREEM AEM SHRI SHANAISHCHARAY NAMAH
3) OM NEELAANJANAY NAMAH
4) OM SHANAYE NAMAH

Gomed (Agate): This is the stone of Rahu. In astrology, Rahu is considered similar to Saturn in virtues, hence Agate is worn on any Saturday. Alternatively, it can also be worn on Wednesday or Friday. Time of 12 p.m. on any Saturday during the darker phase is considered as the most auspicious moment. Wash the ring in Panchamrit or raw milk and then in holy water and worship it properly. Thereafter, recite the hymn of Rahu 18,000 or 108 times. Praying and begging pardon then for any shortcomings committed, wear the ring on the middle finger of your right hand. Agate is specially beneficial in an alloy of five or eight metals. It can be worn in silver also. Agate remains effective for about three years. Swati, Shatabhisha or Aardra Nakshatras on Saturdays or Wednesdays are considered specially auspicious for wearing Agate.

HYMNS OF RAHU

1) OM BHRAAM BHREEM BHRAUM SAH RAHAVE NAMAH
2) OM KROM KREEM HUM HUM TUM TANK DHAARINE RAHAVE NAMAH
3) OM MAHA VEERYAY NAMAH
4) OM RAHAVE NAMAH

Cat’s eye: This inexpensive but extremely effective stone is worn to please Ketu. It can be worn on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday. On any of these days during the darker phase of a month, evening time is the most auspicious moment for wearing Cat’s eye. Wash it in Panchamrit or raw milk and then in holy water and worship it properly. Recite the hymn of Ketu 17,000 or 108 times. Then with devotional feelings, wear it on the little finger of your right hand. Cat’s eye is beneficial only if worn in silver or an alloy of five metals. It remains effective for about three years. If it is worn during Ashwini Magha or Moola Nakshatra cat’s eye proves especially beneficial.

HYMNS OF KETU

1) OM STRAAM STREEM STRAUM SAH KETUVE NAMAH
2) OM HREEM KREEM KROOM KRURRUPINYE KETUVE NAMAH
3) OM RAUDRA DEHAY NAMAH\OM KETUVE NAMAH

SOME OTHER CONDITIONS TO WEAR GEMSTONES

1) If the position of Sun is in the ascendant house or in the second, third, fourth, seventh, eleventh or twelfth house, ruby must be worn.

2) If the position of Moon is in the ascendant house or in the sixth, eighth, twelfth or in the Scorpio, one should wear pearl. If Moon is positioned with Rahu and Ketu or is retrograde or in setting position one should necessarily wear pearl.

3) If Mars is positioned with Rahu, Ketu or Saturn in the ascendant house or in the third, fourth, seventh, twelfth house one should wear coral. If it is present in the sixth, twelfth or eighth house with Moon or Sun, one should wear coral.

4) If Mercury is in sixth, eighth or twelfth house or in the Pisces with Rahu, Ketu, Saturn and Mars or is seen by them one should wear emerald.

5) If Jupiter is present in fifth, sixth, eighth or twelfth house or in Aries, Taurus, Leo, Libra, Capricorn, Aquarius and Scorpio, one should at once wear topaz.

6) If Venus is present in sixth, eighth house or is retrograde, weak, or seen by some sinister planet, one should wear diamond.

7) If Saturn is present in fourth, fifth, tenth or twelfth house with Sun or in the Aries or is retrograde or weak, one should immediately wear sapphire.

8) If Rahu is present in the ascendant house or in the third, fourth, ninth, tenth, eleventh or twelfth house or in Sagittarius seen by Sun, one should wear Agate.

9) If Ketu is present in the ascendant house or in the third, fourth, ninth, tenth, eleventh or twelfth house or in Sagittarius in conjugation with Mars, Sun, Jupiter or Venus, one should wear cat’s eye.

Apart from these situations, stones of a particular planet are especially beneficial during Mahadasha\Antardasha period of that planet.

Impotant Note :

1.A gemstone must be be worn only after examination of the persons horsecope otherwise not.

2 Special care must be taken while wearing the nine stones Navratna stones of nine planets,
itsis recommended if u really need as per ur horoscope & confirm that the particular planet is in good position (not dangerous) then only wear the gem stone of the planet

3.Only Pearl (moti) can be used by all without any thinking, its an innocent gemstone, it gives only positive results

4. The weight of the Gem stone doesnot matter more than its purity in Astrology because the main pupose of gemstone is to transform energy which it absorbs from the sun but the weight of the gemstones is considered very important while dealing with gemstones in Auyrveda .

mainly from http://www.urday.in & the net & some from personal knowledge collection

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Pushyaraag for Guru , Moti for Chandra ,Vajra for Shukra,
Maradakam for Buddha , Manikya for Surya , Moonga for Mangal ,
Gomet for Rahu , Indra Neela for Shani , Vaidoorya for Ketu

Yellow Sapphire for Jupiter , Pearl for Moon , Diamond for Venus,
Emreld for Mercury , Ruby for Sun ,Red coral for Mars,
Hassonite for Rahu , Blue Saphire for Saturn ,Catseye Stone for Ketu